Aristotle, Athens, Africa discussed on WNYC 93.9 FM


Candy points out that not everybody thought that way even back then just as you have these notions of human hierarchy in the premodern world in the ancient world so too did you have individuals like aristotle's chief full in athens are he's talking about a philosopher named alkhadami us who challenge those notions aristotle said nature intended for some people to be enslaved by others alka damase wrote that god has left all men free nature has made no man a slave likewise candy says some centuries later just like you had some are christians are using christianity to to justify certain people's as inferior so too did you have saint augustine and other early christian fathers who who challenged those notions in and expressed our human equality who who who boom throughout history he says there have always been thinkers who understood that humans are one and there have always been people with the capacity to admire cultures and societies different from their own candy price to a man named yuban tuta the moroccanborn thirteen 04 the i had been but toto was basically is considered to be the 14th century's greatest world traveler so he travel all the way over to asia up in through eastern europe into middle east he also travelled into subsaharan africa and he of course wrote about his travels and described subsaharan africa's specifically the molly are empire and so he he visited mali and in spoke quite glowingly about molly how for instance that you know he traveled many places but in mali you know he felt safer than anywhere else he also spoke about sort of these solicitation of the people in other things of that sort an when he went back to to morocco it wrote that summak armchair intellectuals thought he he must be lining but tutis claims about the glories of mali were shouted down as lies for a very practical reason his islamic moroccan society was busy enslaving people from subsaharan africa as well as slobs from eastern europe and so to classify these people as not inferior would have been uh of course a difficult for sleigh traders just as if people did in carcassonne fired slobs as inferior would have been bad for business as well about a century after even the to road admiringly about west african kingdom's a portuguese man wrote a book and here we get to eib rim candies culprit his name was gomez days harare as candy recounts.

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