Hubble, Aurora, James Webb Space Telescope discussed on 60 Minutes
Jupiter up in the northern hemisphere what you're seeing is the glowing Rory an Aurora happens when. The planet's magnetic field has charged particles that. Interact with the. Upper atmosphere what you're seeing there is actually charged particles from the sun they get, swept up in. Schumpeter's strong magnetic field and then it's mirrored in that shimmering that you see inside the auroral oval and you, would not be able, to see that with an. Earth telescope you could never see those Aurora. Because our atmosphere has an ozone layer that, absorbs the. Ultra, violet, light Hubble also found a similar blue Hugh. At the bottom of Saturn the telescopes most iconic pitcher is. This the pillars of creation a stellar breeding place, amber stran- showed us what a difference Hubbell's upgraded infrared camera made just three years ago that stars are born inside these dust clouds and this is. Going to give you a clue why infrared is so important is because an infrared light what. You see is the stars the stars inside How big is this cloud area? Top to bottom these pillars about ten light years which is about sixty trillion miles sixty trillion miles spaces, big big and miraculous, with constant celestial re-generation strong calls, this the everything picture because you can see old stars blowing, up and new stars. Forming anytime you see these sort of dark cloudy. Regions you can imagine that they're stars being foreign inside there where are the dying, star and the dying stars we think that this one could explode any day literally or it could be. A thousand years from now but, near near term Same day right so big stars when I die they explode and send their contents. Into the surrounding universe and these contents are what seed future stars and future planets and. Help to see life ultimately the iron in your blood and calcium near bones was literally forged inside of a star that ended its life like this so we are all. Stardust we literally are start Swe are viscerally made of the stars one of the, things I think is remarkable about this images it shows, you, how colorful universe says this looks like contemporary art this is a very tightly bound group of stars and what you see here is about. A hundred thousand stars this is one of the. First images that Hubbell's new camera installed in two thousand. Nine this is one of the first images at? Took blue stars or the youngest and hottest white and yellow stars like our sun are midlife while red, stars are the old Serviced and coolest beautiful John Grunsfeld has a cool claim. To fame he's the last human to touch Hubble he gave it a farewell Pat Kabul. Was planned to live for fifteen years it's now been twenty seven how much longer can humble go I'm reasonably confident it will. Continue another three to five. Years that means for. A while at least Hubble will work. In tandem with its successor the much larger James Webb telescope. Scheduled to launch in twenty twenty one web should be able to. Detect light from the very earliest galaxies the farthest back Hubble can see is this red blob a galaxy from. Four hundred million years after the big bang web should take us much closer to the. Beginning of time so the James Webb space telescope was specifically designed to see the first stars and galaxies that. Were formed in the universe so we're going to see this Snapshot of win star started when galaxy started the very first moments that universe and my bet. There's gonna be some.