Bernie, Winfield Scott Hancock, Howard discussed on John Batchelor

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And overwhelms Bernie's division overwhelms the badly deployed third corps and now for Winfield Scott Hancock who is my hero of the second day as Howard was my hero the first day Hancock's third corps arrives I hope I have this correct second core arrives around six PM he sees that the battles going very badly where does he did apply for professor regionally Handcock second corps was to deploy along cemetery ridge right in the rear of cemetery hill they were to be the gatekeepers to the backyard of the union position as the third corps began to fall apart and disintegrate under these repeated hammering is from long street well the second corps was there on the spot and they were the people near us so they get called upon for help and Handcock sends off one entire division he has three divisions in its core sends off one entire division under John Caldwell they go into the wheat field and art decimated there then as the evening draws on and the Confederates continue to gain ground Handcock looks around him for other units to plug up these gaps and all he can see an American the smoke is one lone regiment from his core the first Minnesota is this all we've got he says and the answer is obviously yes I'm afraid so he says to the colonel colonel called all of the first Minnesota you see those flags pointing at the rubble callers take those flags call bill doesn't I don't know why they fix bayonets and this one regiment throughs itself Pell mell and several orange when charging Confederate brigades and so great as was surprised that they actually succeed in stopping the Confederate attack so hand **** gamble pays off but at the cost of something like eighty percent casualties on the first Minnesota it is now darkness is falling and a note here the Confederate attack fails if I understand the maps and I follow your argument professor because the look their left flank has dragged behind the assault and when the Minnesota charged in there so much smoke on the battle field that you don't have a good sense of whether you're winning or losing and you get a sense of momentum that's why they fix bayonets there's not time to load and fire load and fire because a man with a band that is running out you so do I say correctly that the left side of the Wilcox Lang attacked lags behind what is this right he doesn't catch up and that's why they break off that night they were actually coming in and staggered faction Wilcox lying land right and what really stymied the Confederates what made for failure was that right then expects the next units to is left to support him and they do not that is one of their great failures of the Confederate army on the second day of the battle the controversy this night is at Meade's headquarters the armies have retired to their two sides they'll fight again in the morning Longstreet's division is now arriving in full you'll division pal hills divisions not divisions cores are still available the unions the union army's being resupplied with new to a new core arriving as well and there is a dramatic moment it would make a wonderful play at meets headquarters that night council of war John Gibbons of the it attends David Birney Newton Handcock Howard Sedgwick Slocum all representing the chords available in this fishhook status what does meet ask them professor watches Mead what to do the question is what's with them as we stay here and fight for show we fall back from this position to a position more defensible to the rear Chris what he is thinking of is the position that he had always wanted to use as a defensive position and that was played creek about twenty five miles to the southeast in Maryland and most of the corps commanders who are coming to this meeting are expecting that that's what need wants to do they're concerned that he really does want to order a retreat but when they come together and he pulls from the corps commanders are overwhelmingly opposed to retreat and Handcock again Winfield Scott Hancock puts his foot down and says this army has done enough for treating let this be our last retreat they vote from a trucker shoulders and says alright gentlemen if this is what you want then we will fight here they both from the junior to the senior that's the very end for media and media protocol invent eventually persuaded by them John Gibbons my note says that he wants to correct the position David Burney says we stay Newton I don't I I want to concentrate on new Newton says what about if they try to cut our law did meet considered out John Newton was really functioning as George meets mouthpiece he had been appointed hastily to command the evening before commander the first corps and everyone understood the John Newton was speaking for me and Newton rather timidly puts forward the idea well perhaps we should consider retreating well when all the other corps commanders compiling and on the opposite side of that proposition even Newton decides that it's probably a good idea to go along with everyone else but Newton is Newton is very much out of his class along with all the sewers they're about fifty eight thousand men they figure that they have laughed and they note Lee is coming again in the morning and as the caps of quiet down for the night the professor paints the scene which is horrible of the ambulance corps of what he describes as snakes of light man holding path lanterns weaving through the wounded who are still on the battlefield to remove what they can and get them to the hospitals the amputations are going on piles of legs and arms all night they have no good for a first aid and a man who are got shot are just left to die there's nothing they can do for them they give them opium in the morning Lee is up and he goes to Gettysburg college which at that time and time is unknown as Pennsylvania college she climbs the couple and what is the C. professor he sees the army of the Potomac on the ropes of the seven infantry corps of the army of the Potomac well most of them are a wreck the first course Iraq the eleventh corps as a record core is a wreck fifth corps is a wreck XIX corps Meade needs as reserve twelve core need needs that to hold Culp's hill that leaves only the second corps and the second corps itself has been rather badly handled an entire division is gone and of the two remaining divisions there's really only two brigades in each that are ready for combat please deduction from these observation is let's swayed in with one last blow and that will stretch the army the Potomac out on the campus and for that lead turns to an entirely fresh Confederate division which is just arriving from Chambersburg retail into his army and that is George Pickett's division George tickets personalities important here and so is the fact that there are that the division is largely made up of Virginians why is that a superior position on the third day well in large measure George pick it was well something less than the brightest boulder the military chandelier but he has endeared himself to James Longstreet and long St as his corps commander wanted to use picket in the best way possible even new ticket however would not be able to throw his division and achieve success just on their own strength Lee understands that they're going to have to be aided so a number of other units which had seen action on the previous two days are tacked on to Pickett's division and overall something between twelve and fifteen thousand Confederates are assembled to make this last great clinched fist that is going to land a blow that finishes the army of the Potomac and do it right at the nape of the army of the Potomac snack where cemetery hill and cemetery ridge joined and we're Winfield Scott Hancock has the last four brigades of his core there to receive them James Longstreet again the reluctant corps commander he has hesitation any recommends to leave that they find a way around on the right I believe they are right and cut the Baltimore road she's thinking as moot as Mead was thinking the night before what does Lee make of that suggestion he makes an instant disposal of it he leaned knows what he wants to do and he's not calling councils of war or asking people's advice he directs Longstreet to get on with the plan mostly probably in the years after the war exaggerated the degree of his descent after all he didn't want to share of the blame for what happened so it's less likely that long St have some kind of temper tantrum and did not want to obey and had to be over born most of his behavior at Gettysburg is a good deal more cooperative than you would like to lead on later but at least in the system and since he certainly did have some doubts about whether this was going to work how long does in fact cooperate he does get the units deployed he gets pickets lined up and is ready to give whatever signal has to be given for the great attacked again he writes to his artillery commanders Walton and Alexander's my note professor correct me if I have this wrong and that one too well Sander is critical because he writes you advise general ticket not to make the charge if your artillery barrage does not destroy the enemy artillery barrage so what ticket what what Longstreet ones is an artillery tool and he wants to win it before they send off pick correct that is correct the key factor is going to be can the union artillery on cemetery hill be silenced if they can then the infantry attack will succeed if it can't then the federal artillery with terror Pickett's charge before it even got all the way across the road on the other side of the line Handcock again the hero of the second day is about to be in the hot spot of the third day he's commanding what's left of his call everybody's core their pieces everywhere what is the angle professor the angle is a small line that juts out from the main line of cemetery ridge it's really just walk stone wall that former blue kind of kind of wall of former would direct to keep cattle from straying beyond his form boundaries it juts out at a ninety degree angle and runs for about a hundred yards then it turns another ninety degree angle and continue south again that angle embraced a small woodlot sometimes known as the clump of trees and that became the focus point for Pickett's charge and that's where Hancock is and that's where the sixty ninth and seventy second Pennsylvania will come back to that because there the artillery barrage goes on for forty five minutes that's my notice that how long do they think it lasted that's an approximation although bear in mind of course that almost all accounts of time at this battle and in fact in nineteen century battle are approximations.

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