Ari Shapiro, Maurice Mitchell, Marcie Pedraza discussed on Marketplace


And from the listeners of KQED, San Francisco. Okay. QB I North Highland Sacramento. It's 4 36. This is all things considered from NPR news. I'm also change in Los Angeles and I'm Ari Shapiro in Washington. There is an unusual amount of optimism in Washington about bipartisan work on policing legislation. President Biden is urging lawmakers to pass a bill named for George Floyd by the first anniversary of Floyd's murder on May 25th. That's less than three weeks away. NPR political reporter Juana Summers is here with an update on where these talks stand. Hey, Juana! Either. Three guilty verdict in the murder of George Floyd has injected new momentum into these efforts, especially around the bill named after him. Tell us First of all, what the bill would do. So the bill would bar the use of choke holds and banned most no knock warrants. It would also create a national database to track police misconduct. It contains several provisions aimed at making it easier to hold officers accountable for misconduct in civil and criminal court. Including changing qualified immunity, the legal doctrine that shields officers from lawsuits by lowering the bar to sue officers for alleged civil rights violations Now, right now, there are bipartisan negotiations with lawmakers, including Congresswoman Karen Bass of California. Was the lead sponsor of that bill in the House, and Senator Tim Scott of South Carolina, who's leading Republican efforts. He had previously introduced his own bill this week, he told CBS there had been progress, working out many of the differences. We have literally been able to bring these two bills very close together. And if you remember the goal isn't for Republicans or Democrats to win before our communities to feel safer and our officers to feel respected if we get accomplished those two major goals The rest will be history. If that's a big if so, wanna one of the main sticking points right now. One of the biggest is qualified immunity. Critics say it allows officers to use excessive force without accountability and that it prevents victims from getting justice Supporters, though, say it allows law enforcement officers to make split second decisions without having a way whether they could be held civilly responsible for the results. Tim Scott has proposed a compromise that civil suits could be brought against entire police departments instead of individuals, he says that would help improve police culture and that he's found some democratic support. But that also risked losing progressives like Missouri Congresswoman Cori Bush, who has already said she would not support a bill that included a compromise on that issue. One other related sticking point has been over whether to change the federal code to make criminal prosecution of individual officers easier. What else you hearing from some of the progressives who have been at the forefront of this debate over the past year? Earlier today, I talked with Maurice Mitchell of the Movement for Black Lives. Now the movement does not support the Floyd Bill Mitchell told me and I'm quoting here that nobody should be running any victory laps if it passes. If we want to be a different society that we need to make transformative changes. We can't just nibble around the edges. I think the Justice and policing act Provides. Some marginal, modest reforms that will not ultimately shift the paradigm. We need to shift the paradigm. Mitchell is also the national director of the Working Families Party. And he says that the movement wants to see political leaders and acted different piece of legislation. The Breathe act, which would completely overhaul the nation's criminal justice system and shift funding towards communities, and that kind of mindset is something we hear from some progressives on Capitol Hill, including Congresswoman Alexandria, a Casio Cortez of New York. And probably speaking, I do think that all of this highlights the fundamental difference and how most Democrats and Republicans think about issues at the intersection of race and policing. Any moves to make the kind of sweeping abroad changes that Aaron the breathe back that Mitchell and some progressive support would almost certainly repels some Republicans and perhaps even some Democrats, and that would make it really difficult to get a bill passed now. NPR's Juana Summers. Thanks a lot. You're welcome. During the pandemic. A new divide has emerged between those who have to show up to work and those who can log in to zoom now, companies are looking ahead to life after the pandemic. And as NPR's Camilla Domina ski reports, This split may be here to stay before the pandemic. Nearly all American workers commuted by luxury car or gelati by bicycle or bus to a factory or an office or a studio. The vast majority of us had to physically show up for work. Then came the pandemic. So in 24 hours, we went from Listen, 1000 employees working remotely to around 80,000 Kiersten Robinson is the chief people officer at Ford Motor Company, and it turns out a lot of the work of making cars like designing engineering and marketing can be done from home. So how quickly we were able to pivot And adjust to remote work really surprised me. I would never have anticipated that, Of course, one place where it's impossible to make that pivot is a factory floor. Cars have got to be built. You got to do that in person. Marcie Pedraza is an electrician's at a Ford plant in Chicago, and last month when Ford announced it would make remote work of permanent option. She had one reaction. I remember reading about that. Hi. I thought Oh, must be nice for them. The driver says that actually, some of her work could be done remotely. She handles a lot of paperwork. And as a single parent, she'd love that flexibility. She's always juggling childcare. But her boss said hourly workers weren't eligible. So we don't have those same I guess. Wait. Hold on. The same, uh, luxuries at the salary. Do not everyone loves working from home. But having the option really is a luxury and it can be life transforming Henry Ford famously transformed factories with his moving assembly line and the rise of the automobile reshaped American cities and our commutes. Now Ford and rival GM are leaning into this new remote work revolution. But unlike say, tech companies, they have a huge pool of workers who have to show up in person. Robinson for its head of HR. Says the company is trying to think of what they can offer. So.

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