Five Star, North America, South Korea discussed on Everything Everywhere Daily
Historically an army could have days weeks or even months to prepare for a war however with the development of intercontinental missiles and nuclear weapons. The time for preparation was reduced hours or even minutes in light of those changes. It was necessary to develop a system that allowed for rapid mobilization readiness learn more about the defcon system and the history of its level changes on this episode of everything everywhere daily. This episode is sponsored by scotty best. I recently purchased a new m one macbook air laptop. It's a wonderful laptop which is incredibly thin and light. it doesn't even require a heavy power brick charge. I can just use a usb cable. I say this not to tell it the device but the fact that it's the size of a tablet means that instead of needing backpack from my laptop. I can now carry everything with me that i need to work away from home in the pockets of my scotty. Vest jacket as technology gets later and center. scotty jackets. Just keep working better and better. You can get fifteen percent off your next order by going to us dot com and using coupon code everything everywhere all one word at checkout in nineteen fifty seven the united states and canada announced the creation of the north american aerospace defense command or norad. Their mission was to monitor the skies above north america primarily to detect incoming soviet missiles as part of the development of the command. They created a warning system so they could mobilize defense forces at a moment's notice cover. The first system they put in place was very confusing and complicated. It consists of three readiness level subdivided into eight conditions. This was quickly replaced in nineteen fifty-nine with a simplified alert system of five different levels of readiness. This was known as the defense readiness condition or defcon. The defcon system allowed for military units around the world to quickly adopt a state of readiness regardless of what conditions might develop on the world. Stage the con- levels are numbered from one through five country to popular belief. The lowest state of readiness is defcon. Five if someone says are going to defcon five on someone. What they are really saying is that they're going to stand down and become very peaceful. So what does each defcon level represent. Defcon five is the lowest state of readiness. As i write this. That is the current defcon level. Hopefully when you listen to this it will also be defcon. Five defcon five has been the default state of radio since the end of the cold war when drills are conducted their exercise names used in the place of defcon level. So there's no confusion as to the orders executed during the exercise versus actual operation orders. The exercise name for defcon five is fade out. Defcon four was a common level of readiness for icbm sites during the cold war. It's defined as having a increased intelligence watch and strengthened security measures defcon for might be announced if there's an airstrike and there's concerns about possible retaliation at a military base. Things might go on higher alert but most people would have no clue that anything was any different. The exercise term for defcon four is double take defcon. three is a much higher state of readiness. This is something that very rarely happens at defcon three. For example pilots might be in flight suits on standby next to their planes soldiers and missile silos might close their blast doors whereas most people even military forces might not notice defcon four. Almost everyone in uniform will probably be aware of defcon three. The exercise term for defcon. Three is roundhouse if things get to defcon two. It's pretty bad defcon. Two is the next step to war at defcon. To in the air the president is probably an air force one or is on their way to a safe location. Everyone in the world with access to electric media will probably be aware of whatever is happening if things get to defcon to the exercise name for defcon to fast pace defcon. One is basically a nuclear war at defcon one. There would probably be air raid sirens going off. The emergency broadcast system is probably blaring and everyone would be asked to go to a shelter. Any and all contingency plans for any level of government would be implemented at defcon one. The exercise name for defcon one is cockpit oil. I should know that the defcon levels only apply to nuclear war and not normal conventional military conflicts also defcon levels are not necessarily global specific regions or just branches of the military can be placed different defcon levels in the sixty years that the defcon system has been in place. There have only been a handful of times when the defcon level has been placed at three or higher defcon. Three was declared on october. Twenty fifth nineteen seventy-three during the yom kippur war between israel and several arab countries united states was concerned about soviet involvement in the war on the side of their arab allies. They wanted to make a sudden and dramatic to indicate to the soviets that they were serious and they would prevent such an action. They did this by putting all us forces around the world at defcon. Three reports from soldiers serving at the time indicate that most of them assumed it was a drill at first but when there were no officers around to observe they knew something was up. Us forces gradually stood down over the next few days and weeks with the last forces. Going off defcon. Three unav- number seventeen the next use of defcon three was in one thousand nine hundred seventy six but it was limited to forces in south korea. This was in response to the demilitarized zone. Axe murder incident which was a thing and is going to be the subject of a future episode. Few people outside of south korea even knew what was happening and defcon three status was only for a single day. The third and most recent time defcon three was reached was on september eleventh two thousand one after the terrorist attacks on new york and washington all us forces worldwide placed at defcon three while. The defcon system wasn't developed for terrorist threats. It was the only tool available to put global forces especially military bases on alert and to get them to secure the perimeters in the first few hours. After the attack there was a great deal of confusion so raising the defcon level was the easiest way to put everyone in a state of readiness. The word also went out. The defcon was a possibility but that never happened. Have things ever escalated to defcon. To the answer is yes and it's happened twice but in either case however it was a global defcon two level established. The first time was during the cuban missile crisis on october sixteenth nineteen sixty two norad and the strategic air command replaced at defcon two and all their forces worldwide replaced at defcon three. All the forces stayed at this level until november fifteenth when they stood down in the crisis was over. The only other time forces were put at defcon to was nineteen ninety one at the start of operation desert storm and this only applied to forces in the middle east who are in the theater of combat as for defcon. One that thankfully has never happened and hopefully it never will if it ever does. I'm sure you won't need a podcast or to tell you what was going on. Associate producer of everything everywhere. Daily is third thompson. If you'd like to support the show please donate over at patriot. 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