North Korea, South Korea, Seoul discussed on Monocle 24: The Globalist
North and South Korea have announced that they will fix transport links between the two countries allowing travel between the divided peninsula for the first time since the Korean war in the nineteen fifties. However, the Indika Rian rail and road projects may fall foul of sanctions regulations, the United Nations, Security council imposed broad sanctions on John Young and effort to pressure it to abandon its nuclear, and missile programs and wealth, Kim Jong, UN and Donald Trump of established good relations. Washington is very firm about maintaining measures against North Korea as negotiations continue because otherwise they would be no leverage to get the north to abide by its pledge to scrap its nuclear weapons. We'll the conciliatory approach by south career affect the chances of that happening. Joining us on the line is Andrew Burgess senior research associate at the middle brands to toot of international studies hundred. Thanks for coming on. If Washington has the stick, soul is definitely waving the carrot what other concessions have been offered to Pyongyang. Young by Seoul, the the South Koreans have really embarked on ambitious program of dialogue Heeren. And part of that has involved demonstrating that there is good faith surrounding the dial process. North Korea's repeatedly insisted that it expects those sort of good faith measures to be exhibited by both sides. So souls been doing that actively an economic measures light road and rail projects are right at the forefront that Kim Jong UN complained about the state of North Korea's roads and rail networks right at the outset of his meeting. One of his first meetings actually with with moon Jae-in. So that has has been part of this discussion for some time. But we also see more sort of good faith efforts being made in terms of our reunion of separated families or the potential reinvigoration of tourism projects, for instance. So there are quite a number of things that soul is looking at to help. That atmosphere that North Korea insists, it needs to move further forward to violate sanctions. With the road and rail projects. You know the the announcement of future intentions to have that doesn't, of course. But if you were to actually embark on really comprehensive attempt or even a non comprehensive attempt to upgrade North Korea's road and rail infrastructure, you would undoubtedly run across sanctions at some stage. So how SOLAS going to manage that. I'm not exactly sure they might go to the UN Security Council for exemptions that something they've not always done. So you know, it really could be that they try to make legal argument that this is in the gray space in, therefore they don't need approval, but I would find it hard to envision a project that does what Seoul says it will that will not violate sanctions what's behind the determination than of South Korea to continue building these links. It again comes back to that that dialogue atmosphere and creating momentum to have progressively deeper conversations with North Korea. That result in an alleviated, the security tensions on the cream peninsula and Seth career looks at the situation rather differently than the US. So you know, it sees the way to better security relations as coming through a much broader, a positive change in inter-korean relations. Whereas the United States looks at the key to improving security relations on the cream peninsula as being North Korean disarmament. So it's really quite a different vision for how the situation can be improved. But if you look at it from Seoul's perspective, they've got to improve that much broader gambit of things before the security issues going to get better. And can they continue playing the good cop without dumbing relations with the US will that's precisely. The question is, how far can they go with their own vision of improved? Inter-korean ties before the relationship between Seoul and the and the US strained, and it's important to note that the United States has done. It's fair share already to stream the US Senate career relationship as well. President Trump stood up in the Singapore summit and made an announcement that military exercises would be postponed or cancelled for the moment and that you know from everything that I've understood seems to have been without consultation with South Korea..