Richard Nixon, President Trump, Archibald Cox discussed on This Day in History Class


It's baritone day, Thurston host of spit iheartradio's newest podcast with twenty three and me that explores how understanding your DNA changes, how we think about ourselves and the world around us. John legend joined us to discuss how are we all related. We're not a nine point, five percent, the same. That point, five percent is an area. We have been eager to explore those small differences, inspired a lot of discrimination. I feel like we're becoming more connected. I feel like we're learning more about how much we have in common, listen to the full episode of spit with twenty three and me. Now in the iheartradio app will wherever you listen to podcasts. Welcome to this day in history class from how stuff works dot com. And from the desk of stuff you missed in history class. It's the show where we explore the past one day at a time with a quick look at what happened today in history. Hello and welcome to the podcast. I'm Tracy v Wilson. It's October twentieth the Saturday night massacre took place on this day in one thousand nine hundred seventy three. And this goes back to Watergate. Richard Nixon was president and was campaigning for re election and in June of nineteen seventy-two during his reelection campaign five people broke into the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate complex Washington DC. These burglars had all kinds of bugs with them that they were planning supplant around the DNC headquarters. They were caught. They were put on trial. Some of them entered a guilty plea and the rest were convicted in January of nineteen Seventy-three. At first, it wasn't clear that they had any connection to the White House, but that connection was unearthed through reporting in the Washington Post. An investigation of the president's potential involvement in this break in started. In may of nineteen Seventy-three. After Nixon had been reelected. President in a landslide Archibald Cox was leading the investigation. He was a special prosecutor, and this is a position that the Justice department had a very hard time filling. No one really wanted to do it. It was viewed as a no win situation during this investigation. Cox wanted the White House to hand over a set of secret recordings that had been made in the Oval Office. These were evidence that Nixon had been involved. An appeals court had ordered the president turn over along with other documents on October twelfth, and he had done it. Instead, the White House had offered a compromise that one Senator who was hard of hearing and was also heavily Medicated following being shot in a robbery attempt. One Senator was going to listen to the tapes and then confirm whether a White House prepared summary of the tapes was accurate. Cox saw. The many holes in this plan and refused to this compromise. So then on October, twentieth Nixon ordered Elliot Richardson who was the attorney general to fire Cox as special prosecutor, the attorney general was the only person who had the authority to do that, but he refused to do it and resigned. The deputy attorney general William Ruckle house then became the acting attorney general Nixon ordered him to fire Archibald Cox. He also refused to do it and also resigned. Then solicitor general, Robert Bork became the interim attorney general. He was the one who finally carried out Nixon's order to fire Archibald Cox, fearful that the constitutional crisis in play was just going to get worse if he didn't almost immediately after these firings, Nixon ordered the special prosecutor's office to be shut down in the investigation ended. FBI agents were sent to seal off the offices of the attorney general and the deputy. Attorney general and the special prosecutor, Richard Nixon was obviously hoping that this would put an end to the investigation into his activities. It did not. It had the opposite effect before the Saturday night massacre the president had been calling the investigation, a witch hunt. He had claimed the increasingly detailed reporting from the Washington Post that was making a lot of connections between him and the what happened to the Watergate and the cover up of what happened at the Watergate. He was saying that that was all just the work of a liberal newspaper that had a grudge against him a significant portion of the American public also really thought that this was an unfair effort to kind of get the president and people were a lot more worried about the economy than they were worried about Watergate. But the Saturday night massacre really turned all of that around it. Stoked, public and media interest into the incident and into the cover up and into the president's subsequent behavior. The media began issuing increasingly alarming reports. The ongoing constitutional crisis. Congress started calling for impeachment and filing resolutions calling for the president to resign citizens, wrote tens of thousands of telegrams overwhelmingly calling for further investigation. People also phoned their representatives Nixon under all of this pressure finally appointed a new special prosecutor. Finally agreed to release those tapes. The tapes clearly implicated the president, especially a conversation between Nixon and his chief of staff about using the to hamper the FBI investigation into the break. And there's also a very famous eighteen and a half minute gap in their recordings from shortly after the break in Richard Nixon, resigned as president on August eighth nineteen, seventy four rather than be impeached. Thanks to hurry here is in for her audio work on this show. You can subscribe to this day in history class on apple podcast, Google podcasts, and wherever else get your podcasts and you can tune in tomorrow for a new way to see star. Ars. Flu. I'm Anne Marie, and I'm Laurin Vogel bomb and our show foodstuff all about these ci- history and culture of food and drink is relaunching as saver re along with our super producer Dilling Fagin are hitting the road to find the stories behind all the things we like to eat and drink. We will be talking to the culinary creators and eaters of the world to get to the bottom of why we like what we like and how we can find more of those things. On our first trip, we went to Asheville North Carolina, a city that pulled itself out of a seventy year economic depression with beer and

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