"Democrats in Nevada caucus tomorrow right but the state has already been holding early. Caucusing that ended on Tuesday as was the case in one. Nevada is using this new technology to count the votes both early voting and the results. That come in on Saturday. Nevada's Democratic Party's leaders. Say They will not allow a repeat of the mass in Iowa. Npr's miles parks in Las Vegas. He's been covering election security forest. Good morning miles. Good Morning. How many people voted early in Nevada? So nearly seventy five thousand people voted over those four days. And the party says the majority of those people were first time caucus goers that almost matches the total amount of people who caucus in all of two thousand sixteen which is obviously good from a participation standpoint. But it's also a lot of data that needs to end up in the right place because all of those early votes need to be sorted and funneled to their correct precincts across the state be counted on caucus day. Now you got to see the technology that they're using in Nevada. What is in how does it? Work is an APP like an Iowa. So the party is really adamant that it is not an APP kind of differentiate themselves as much as possible from what happened in Iowa. Basically they're distributing thousands of IPADS and having precinct chairs use a set of Google forms. That have been customized for this process is through the web browser not a separate downloadable thing the tablets integrate the early vote totals in as the precinct chairs go through the process now with how many precincts there are more than two thousand across the state. There are bound to be issues with this that come up even though the party says it's held dozens of trainings live and over the web. This is still a process that was finalized just less than a week ago. I talked to Paul Gronk. Who's a political science professor Reed College and he told me just how uncommon it is for new technology to be integrated into the elections process. This late in the game most election officials will tell that you don't WanNa put in place new technology even during a competitive election year here. We have a highly competitive presidential election in technology coming into place just a week or two before the caucuses. It's another reminder that these caucuses are run by the political parties and not election officials. Who Do for a living yeah. It's interesting I remember after Iowa. You reported that it was not just at. The APP was badly designed. It also had security vulnerabilities. Now this is not an APP but are there any security concerns with this technology? So the security experts? I've talked to seem to think that this is a better system. We know it's using Google which is good. It's not the same thing as an unknown company like we had an Iowa just days before the caucuses and we were just kind of hoping. This company had put the resources in to secure it software. I talked to Betsy coober about this. And she's the executive director of the Aspen Tech Policy. Hub I ve vastly preferred this Lucien few others. That Nevada could have chosen. But I do worry that. The amount of testing that has gone in as minimal and the amount of time for security professionals to study how this might be made. Vulnerable has been very limited now. It is worth noting that the party says everything that precinct leaders are expected to do with these ipads including integrating early vote. Totals can be done on paper in case of an emergency or even if a precinct leader just prefers to do it that way they can use paper instead of using this tech okay so there is a backup. Npr's miles parks in Nevada. Thanks so much miles. Thank you in northern Syria. Nearly one million people have left their homes for safety since late last year. There from the province of it Lib and they are trying to escape a Syrian military offensive and offensive. That's backed by Russian airstrikes. The Syrian regime is finding declaim this last rebel stronghold in the nine year war. That has just ravaged that country fighting. There's been growing more intense. Just since December and in that time massive ten cities that have been housing. These displaced people near the Turkish Syrian border have just swelled. Npr's Deborah Amos is on the line from Beirut Haida. Good morning you've been talking to people that are living through. What sounds like a horrific situation? What are they telling you about? What life is like the Syrian? Advance has been so rapid. That what everybody talks about are the traffic jams. Their trucks cars families on foot. Everybody's looking for a safe place because this has been a ferocious campaign. Russian and Syrian regime warplanes of targeted hospitals bakeries schools. It's a scorched earth policy and it seems that they want to push these civilians towards the Turkish border for Wads Eissa. He's the founder of Violet. It's a Syrian nonprofit agency is trying to help lead city. I saw the southern of families in their car and they trying to find somewhere to shelter for their children. We just did more than ten thousand families still under the trees. The weather so bad it's minus five and the night at ten million under trees the scale of NITA's overwhelming. He says volunteers now deliver plastic sheeting. Because there are no more tense. His group serves hot meals in the it lived city sports stadium. They've got a dozen other places to do that. But there's only enough to feed about twenty percent because international donations are short. We are trying to help. All the people in the streets in the road but series south vents of families there okay. Thousands of people just just lying in the streets in the roads. What are they doing to find some type of shelter? Is there anything they can do to find shelter? Well it's very tough because there are no more tense and they're crowding into these camps. Most of these civilians in this rebel-held province they've been displaced again and again over these nine years of war as the Syrians have retaken towns and cities for them. This is the last stop and there is nowhere else to go. There's only about five hundred. People have who've gone back to regime controlled territory arrest more than a million people are voting with their feet and they are moving closer to Turkey but these safe places are shrinking because even some of the civilian convoys and even the displacement camps have been has been hit with bombs. So you've got a situation where almost no place is safe. I mean this is all happening in the middle of a war. That's gone on for nine years. Is there any sense that the violence is going to end anytime soon? So you officials have long said that will be the final chapter of this war. It's the last province controlled by rebels. The Syrian regime backed by the Russians. Want take it back but to make it even more complicated. This fight is also geopolitical. Russia and Iran backed Damascus. The Turks back some of the rebels. They've sent more than ten thousand Turkish troops into Syria. They vowed to stop this advance. Fifteen Turkish soldiers have been killed in recent weeks. That's the biggest loss of life for the Turks. It's very volatile at the same time. There are talks in Moscow over ceasefire but nothing yet. Npr's Deborah Amos reporting from Beirut deb. Thank you so much for your reporting. Thank you and that is up. I for Friday February twenty first. I'm Noel King and I'm Rachel Martin up I is produced by Lily. Rose our editors are Mohamed. Elbaradei's Dahlia Mortada. Simone pop rel. H J mine are directors Ryan Bank are executive producers. Can Young and because the news does not stop when the PODCAST INS. Follow us on twitter at up. I for your daily Roundup of the most important stories of the day and remember you can also start the weekend now with up. I we air on Saturday Lou Garcia Navarro and Scott. Simon will have the news you need. It'll be here in this field or you can find it wherever you get your podcasts."