Dokes, David Rigby, Anna Scuff discussed on Speaking of Psychology


Been looking at the same phenomenon in dokes so research in collaboration with my colleague david rigby and our student. Anna scuff Who's leading this research. We have taken domestic dokes into the lab and we show them different objects so they're either objects of different size over elevated differently in space and we play sounds and we train the dogs in advance to go to the object. That's making a sound. I'm what we find is much more likely to target the small object when the sound is high pitched on the law joke in the sound is low pitch and similarly when the sound is high pitched cop to an object in space on the sound is low pitch they down to object on the ground so this shows associations between on the one hand sound and the only other hand the visual property of size or the visual property of elevation space. And that's really exciting work. That's been really fun to to conduct. Wow that's amazing so let me change gears a little bit. Because in addition to says these you study a variety of other brain and sensory differences for example as i said earlier phony which is an extreme version to specifics ounce anna fantasia which is the inability to picture things in your mind's eye these seem like really disparate concepts. But how do they tie together. That's such a good question. Because or do they yeah. That's a really good question because I found myself what he instances you. A couple of decades and then being introduced to other sensory differences finding them fascinating be writing myself for not having focused for for effectively coming away from sinister asia and then finding out over time that these different conditions tied by kind of invisible threat so all of them a sensory differences and they own share certain traits in common for example in terms of wellbeing. So we find that people with these sensory differences even stage. That sometimes considered a gift can have impairments in the well-being inappropriate in their wellbeing. So for example We found that people with citizens with verified sinister asia a significantly more likely to experience anxiety disorder than other people. Maybe ready surprised about this. We want looking at particularly troubling variants. We were looking at college letters and numbers higher rates ninety disorder. We've just finished a similar study in child. Sin estate and thirty percent of our child sinister seats on the ten qualify full on to the category of anxiety disorder which is really high usually Now controls we found it at around less than ten cintas takes at thirty percents and similarly in these other disciplines in these other similarly in these sensory differences. Mr funnier itself So much defined by difficulties in well-being so mystifying can give rise to great anxiety as well. As missile phonier is an extreme hatred of certain. Sounds a no sounds tend to be. Broadly sounds like coughing chewing or crunching swallowing and it can really give rice. Incredible differences in well-being anxiety rage on uncontrollable feedings. Really that we know who so linked to brain structure on what we found in children as young as ten is that children We've been able to recognize his having missing Showing serious differences in there will being a gain elevated anxiety as she locked expect but also poor quality of life poorer satisfaction in life. And then there's also the link with autistic like traits so the movie look at these sensory differences the more we see parallels with and overlaps with autism. Now it's not the case that having sinister asian means your autistic but it does mean that you're elevated on tests of autism in certain in certain areas so we mystifying for example significantly more likely to be diagnosed as or recognizes having autism than the average person in centerstage. You're elevated on the trade solve attention to detail citizens show elevated on Attention to detail and a missa fonje now and in a fantasia your elevated in the autistic traits of social difficulties and imagination and so yes of autistic traits as overlapping wellbeing. Were being so the more. I look at many different set. Three conditions the more. I'm convinced they will really fit together in khandaker here in hall. But here's one. I'll throw at you so we had a guest on a few months back. Did an episode on face blindness and one of the people is someone. I know who has been diagnosed with face blindness. She recently also learned that she has fantasia. Have you looked at those connections. We have we have. And we all actually so i think in self report people in fantasia report being aura faces on average on a very nice study conducting here at sussex led by my phd. Student called dawn. Sending in collaboration with my colleague. Graham hold. he's he's a witness recognition face recognition experts on. We've been able to give identikit to people with atlanta and we showed them face and then we also to reconstruct the face using these identikits. Which are then. We give a reconstructed face to repay controls an awesome. How similar is this reconstructed face with the original. We do that once people with a fantasy off and once for controls and we're in the middle of doing that study right now and i can see trends in the direction that we'd expect but we need to finish not study to find out exactly whether it's significant but it it does look at the moment is if is trending in the direction would expect which is poor face recall for people they fantasia although i need to add something. This is only a billion a typical typically the average fantastic. They so what we actually find is a real spread. And it's quite interesting. Because i have a fantasia myself but i'm almost a super recognizer. So i when i performed tests a face recognition. I'm almost good enough to work for the police. How am i doing that. I have i have on my doing now. I have no mental imagery. But i just know ari just able to pick out face in the crowd very well. So there you go. It's the spread. And and but the average person is is is less good than controls so just wondering if particularly missa phony and fantasia debilitating to the people who have these syndromes and is it possible to help someone learn to diminish say an aversion to sounds or to teach people how to see things in their minds. I yes definitely. And i think that's Is definitely happening a lot. More for mischief odia so phonier is defined as kind of most is chronic condition and misogyny is also really a topic of focus for clinicians allows. Clinicians are trying to find out exactly how we can How we can fix how we can fix this problem. They're all on some long term. Can equal treatment options are cognitive. Behavioral therapies dried a. Tonight is retraining. Therapy a counter conditioning therapy. They aim to reconceptualise individuals relationship with sound. All repair unpleasant.

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