How Could Artificial Glaciers Hydrate the Himalayas?
Discussions about climate change tend to focus on low lying areas like coastal cities yet people who live at higher elevations also feel it's negative effects including fresh water shortages to help these folks get by the duckie inventor named Sonum one Schuch has created a line of artificial glaciers called called. I stoop as their restoring frozen water so it can be used hydrate crops in the driest stretch of the year. Glacial meltwater is a necessity for most villages judges in Lubbock a region of northern India. The DOC sits on the debt and plateau between the Karakoram and the Himalayan mountain ranges this elevated terrain is is world famous for its is supply Abedin Plateau and surrounding mountains contain more ice than any other non polar area on earth. Much of this is stored up in glaciers. His will help feed vital Asian waterways the young Zee the Mekong and Indus rivers. Unfortunately those glaciers are receding because of climate change between two thousand and three in two thousand fourteen the ones located near the Brahmaputra River source lost six point nine billion cubic miles of ice. That's twenty eight point. Eight billion in cubic kilometers with glaciers some seasonal melting is expected but normally winter snowfall allows glaciers to replace the melted ice. They lose during the springtime however across the plateau. Glaciers are no longer getting enough annual snowfall to offset their lost water and so many of them have been dwindling in size as a cold desert. The dock area sees very little rainfall receiving an average of two to three inches per year. That's about fifty to seventy millimeters meters. The summer months of June through August. Do get a modest amount of precipitation however that's also when a large quantity of melted water from neighbouring mountain. Glaciers enters the streams teams. That depends on a steady water flow fills the streams during the winter as well yet because of the frozen ground and low air temperatures. The farmers can't hint grow crops during the coldest months of the year. According to an Chook winter water gets under utilized as a result demand for meltwater grows exponentially in April April in May when the life-sustaining crops of wheat buckwheat and barley need to be sown and hydrated. But in the springtime before the glacial water arrives enforce the streams often run dry. Climate Change has worsened. The problem a twenty seventeen study found that over the past six decades about twenty percent of the permanent ice ice preserves and the Docs home state have disappeared that translates to less meltwater for the locals hoping to solve these water woes. A civil engineer by the the name of Chihuahua North L. devised an innovative reservoir system in the nineteen eighties and I hope I'm saying his name correctly I couldn't find a pronunciation using dams and channels nor fell L. diverted large volumes of glacial water into Manmade Lakes on the shady sides of mountains where it froze into blocks come springtime. The ice would melt and be sent downhill the farms and villages eligible by way of canal. But this ice melted to quickly so the water tended to run out before the summer rains arrived in two thousand thirteen Wangchuk deduced I ice in Norfolk dams melted so fast because too much of it was exposed to direct sunlight. When chook figured that if he could somehow freeze the ice into a conical tower with the narrow oh end aimed skyward much less surface area would be exposed to make his frozen stalagmites when Chook devised an irrigation system? That's brilliant in its simplicity. implicity the major component is a long pipeline most of this is buried deep underground with one end tapping into a glacial stream or naturally occurring reservoir high high in the mountains through the tube the water rushes in the direction of populated areas at lower altitudes. No moving parts are electrical gizmos are needed to keep the liquid water flowing. Gravity does the trick it also pushes the water into the final stage of its journey downhill. The pipeline connects at a sharp angle to another narrower pipe. That rises soil standing vertically like a telephone pole as the saying goes water seeks its own level gravity pretty and pressure gained by flow through the narrowing pipe together naturally propel the liquid straight up that pipe until it flies out of a sprinkler on the pipes raised tip high in the air. The spray encounters atmospheric temperatures in the ballpark of negative four degrees Fahrenheit. That's about negative twenty Celsius or lower before landing it freezes. He's a solid forming a large cone of ice around the vertical pipe. The cones distinctive shape resembles that Stupa which are traditional Buddhist prayer monuments that have graced creased look for thousands of years. Hence when Chook and his associates have taken to calling the new glacier like structures I status the ducks ice Tubas meltdown meltdown in late spring. Right when the need for liquid water is greatest. The prototypical stupa erected in the winter of two thousand thirteen contained about forty thousand gallons. That's about one hundred hundred and fifty thousand liters of frozen water and lasted until may eighteenth of two thousand fourteen. Since then numerous others have been constructed. Single Stupa has is watered as many as five thousand newly planted trees standing at sixty feet eighteen meters tall. It held a breathtaking five hundred and thirty thousand gallons. That's two million liters a frozen water. Others may someday exceed one hundred feet about thirty meters in height and hold two point six million gallons or ten million liters of water outside India. The stupas have spread to countries like Switzerland in two thousand sixteen. When tooks icy brainchild earned him a coveted Rolex award for enterprise But I- stupid are not without their critics. went to in companies legal right to divert. Glacial meltwater has been challenged by a group of the duckie villagers furthermore anymore although the stupas are meant to help sustain human life they won't reverse the Tibetan Plateau's worrisome climate trends but if Homo sapiens is to survive on a changing Jin planet will need to reevaluate the ways. We use an store water. Projects like this can kick start those