Fannie Lou Hammer, Congress, Perry Hammer discussed on Let's Get Civical
Oh Lee. So she was given the name cokie by her brother. Thomas who had trouble pronouncing Kerlin show stuck in okay. Perfect to her father was Thomas Hale boggs senior a former Democratic majority leader of the House who served in Congress for more than three decades before he disappeared on a campaign campaign flight in Alaska. Like just gone in. Nineteen seventy-two literally all. Npr wrote about that. That was the lowest ended. We'RE GONNA circle back into an update presumed dead. Yes but the fact that the whole sentences. Her father was a congressperson and then his plane disappeared. It was down. Oh found the plane. All dead just disappeared. Yeah Hey hey planes because you can just disappear you just disappear. So her father disappeared on a campaign flight in Alaska in nineteen seventy two. Her mother Lindy Claiborne. Boggs took her husband's seat and served for seventeen years. La La Ninety. Thank you lady that he bugs. I was like Oh my God I mean this is thanks. Liberty wore one might or nine. She also served. Lindy also served as the US ambassador to the Vatican. Oh so that was super interesting. S Cookie Roberts is the only member of her immediate family not to run for Congress. Oh my God. I am the black sheep right at Thanksgiving. Aw but we're cookie. Roberts considered her role as a journalist and political analysis analyst as her way of like giving back and I mean she's not obviously not in the political world. Obviously that's her life's were met. She won Roberts numerous awards during her long journalism including three emmys. The Edward R Murrow award. She was inducted into the broadcasting and Cable Hall of fame. Love and she was recognized by the American women in Radio and Television as one of the fifty. Greatest Women in the history of broadcasting. Yeah cokie Roberts Zakharov cookie robbery love that I was. That was one of those. Like you know where you get the alerts on your phone that so and so is dead hand. Yeah it's a bummer of your Aubert's okay. I don't know if we can get this going. This like connection between people. The next one is completely different. Great I all of them are completely different. Great Okay so my next one is Fannie Lou Hammer and so this is all coming from the women's National History Museum And Debra Michaels who edited this piece. It's such a great website the national hip What do you have any loo? No but I have somebody who she who the person who wrote your material row yours material for somebody that we have similar interests. Okay this is fanny Lou Hammer. So Hammer was born on October. Six nineteen seventeen in Montgomery County Mississippi the twentieth and last child of Sharecroppers Luella and James Townsend. She grew up in poverty and at age. Six Hammer joined her family picking cotton by age twelve. She left school to work in. Nineteen forty four. She married Perry Hammer and the couple toiled on the Mississippi plantation owned by B. D. marlow until nineteen sixty two. So this sort of background information about her. This is like it all comes to so nineteen sixty. One Hammer received a hysterectomy by white doctor without her consent. Undergoing surgery to remove a uterine tumor such forced sterilization of black women as a way to reduce the black population was so widespread that it was dubbed a Mississippi Appendectomy. Oh I know yeah so. That's summer the summer of nineteen sixty one hammer attended a meeting led by civil rights activists James Foreman of the student nonviolent coordinating committee or the S. MCC C. And James Bevan of the southern Christian Leadership Conference the SEC Hammer was incensed by efforts to deny blacks the right to vote she became an S. NCC organizer and on August thirty first nineteen sixty two lead seventeen volunteers to register to vote at the Indian Ola Mississippi. Courthouse denied the right to vote due to an unfair literacy tests. The group was harassed on their way home when police stopped their bus and find them one hundred dollars for a trumped up charge that the bus was to yellow. What I know I know Jesus Christ in June of nineteen sixty three after successfully registering to vote hammer and several other. Black women were arrested for sitting in a whites. Only bus station restaurant in Charleston South Carolina at jailhouse she and several of the women were brutally beaten leaving hammer with a lifelong injury from a blood clot in her eye. Kidney damage and like damage so nineteen sixty four hammers. National Reputation soared as she co founded the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party which challenged the local democratic parties effort to block Black Participation Hammer and other IM- FTP members went to the Democratic National Convention. That year arguing to be recognized as the official delegation when Hammer spoke before the credentials committee calling for a mandatory mandatory. Integrated states delegations president Lyndon Johnson held a televised press conference so she would not get any television. Oh she was so afraid of her. Wow but her speech with its poignant. Description of racial prejudice in the south was televised later by nineteen sixty eight hammers vision for a Racial Party. And delegations had become a reality and hammer was a member of. Mississippi's first integrated delegation. Wow Hammer Victoria gray and and divine became the first black women to stand in the US. Congress when they unsuccessfully protested a Mississippi House election Then in Nineteen seventy-one. Hammer helped found the national women's Political Caucus. Wow Yeah and so. This is other sort of facts. Frustrated by the political process hammer turned to economics as a strategy for greater racial equality in nineteen sixty eight. She began a pig bank to provide free pigs for black farmers to breed raise and slaughter a year later. She launched the freedom farm cooperative buying land so that blacks could own and farm collectively with the assistance of donors. She purchased six hundred and forty acres and launched a cup store boutique and sewing enterprise. She singlehandedly ensured that two hundred units of low income housing were built many still exist today. The F. C. Or the freedom farm cooperative lasted until the mid nineteen seventies at its heyday. It was among the largest employers in the Sunflower County and then in nineteen seventy seven hammer of breast cancer at the age of fifty nine. But she's like a credited as like when you talk about the people who suffrage movements yes especially like you know feminist suffrage move people Fannie Lou Hammer is like often left off the list but she was like insert like she was one of the first women to do first black women to do so many things and like and like really what is effectively. What we now call micro grants. Yeah like I don't know if that she invented them. I don't know the history of micro me as a black woman in the south yeah was effectively putting two purpose micro grants for the betterment of the community. That's crazy love Fannie Lou. Wow Great. We'll we're going to do my complement to that. Which I'm sure you've heard of this person. I just I felt like I I had heard of her. Yeah and I didn't know as much as I should about her? Yeah he's definitely somebody who's talked about but not forgiving space but not enough so we're giving space. This is also. This is the link for this one coming from the National Women's History Museum with information written by Debra michaels goodness high some talk about Shirley Chisholm. Okay yes Shirley. So Shirley Anita's eight hill. Chisholm was the first African American woman in Congress and the first woman and African American to seek the nomination for president of the United States from one of the two major political parties. Yeah so she was born in Brooklyn New York on November heyhoe on November thirtieth nineteen twenty four. She was the oldest of four daughters to immigrant. Parents Charles Saint Hill. Who's a factory worker from? Guyana and Ruby Seal Saint Hill who was a seamstress from Barbados Love Shirley graduated from Brooklyn College where her professors encouraged her to get into politics but she considered herself to have quote a double handicap being both black and female ti so she. After graduating from Brooklyn college she worked in a nursery school and then went on to get her master's in Early Childhood Education. From Columbia. Even though she had like pushed the political stuff away she did start to get involved in local clubs which is like her trajectory is like star local our local and work your way up and she. I mean her. Biography is amazing and you know obviously so she was. She got her masters from Columbia. She got involved with the League of Women. Voters the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People and W. P. The Urban League and the Democratic Party Club in bed. Stuy Brooklyn Lovat. So she was like I'm Gonna. She was like no. I said No. I'm going to like involve our her. Yeah Yeah so then. In nineteen sixty four Chisholm ran for and became the second African American in the New York. State legislature yes love it and then in nineteen sixty eight. She ran for and won her seat in Congress. Yes she yes black woman and Congress. Thank you dean sixty eight nineteen that is that is like literally they same time that Fannie Lou Hammer stuff is going down then okay so then She was fighting Shirley as they she was that was that was her nickname her name. She introduced more than fifty pieces of legislation in Congress and championed racial and gender equality the plight of the poor and ending the Vietnam War. Thank you Shirley Shirley. She was a CO founder of the National Women's political caucus teen seventy one and in nineteen seventy seven became the first black woman and second woman ever to serve on the powerful house. Rules Committee She so cool she so. In nineteen seventy two. She ran for the Democratic Party. Presidential nomination ran into some speed bumps much like our friend. Fanny I imagine. She was blocked from participating in televised primary debates. Yup and after taking legal action was permitted to make just one speech like Jesus the same story. It's the same story like Jesus. Battery like boy. Did Jesus give a speech? Did you miss televised? I know the same parallels yeah stories. So yeah so. She was blocked from participating in televised primary debates and after taking legal action was permitted to make just one speech still students women and minorities followed the Chisholm trail. She entered twelve primaries in earned. One hundred fifty two of the electoral delegates which was ten percent of the total. Yeah that's not that's not bad. That's not it's not bad despite an under-financed campaign contentiousness from the predominantly male congressional black caucus. She was absorbed by all that she was able to get ten percent of the vote. She retired from Congress in nineteen eighty. Three she served a long time. Yeah that's a long time. Say Twenty years and then she taught at Mount Holyoke College and Co founded. The National Political Congress of Black Women Love. She moved to Florida in Nineteen ninety-one. Good get some raise. Outta here get some Sun. At some point I forget which president was but somebody was like. Hey do you want to be ambassador to this thing? And she's like I've done my way and then she died in two thousand five mile while I know so amazing. Yep He's crazy amazing. We're going to take a quick break for a little word from our sponsors support.