UN, Ethiopia, Tigray discussed on UN News

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Rights chief. Michelle bachelet the high. Commissioner for human rights said on tuesday that there was fear and dread across afghanistan which driven people to flee their homes. The development comes as taliban forces reportedly took control of ghazni city hundred thirty kilometers or eighty miles southwest of the capital kabul. The extremist group has also been engaged in fierce fighting in lashkar gar one of afghanistan's biggest cities and reportedly released prisoners from jalen kandahar city. The country's second largest in geneva you and rights office spokesperson ravina chamdo sahni said that people rightly feared that the taliban would raise the human rights gains out of the past two decades as us and international forces. Continue to pull out of afghanistan. We've already documented one hundred eighty three civilians. But we do fear that this is really just the tip of the iceberg. The one thousand one hundred and eighty-one who have already been documented to be injured. We don't know how many of them might succumb to their injuries. People are living in fear and dread women are already being killed and shot for breaching rules that have been imposed what they can wear and on where they can move without a male escort since the ninth of july. The un rights office has confirmed almost two hundred civilian fatalities in four afghan cities and of at twelve. Hundred have been injured. Katie dartford un news the headlines there and this is un catch-up datelined geneva with daniel johnson. Now to this week's interview era chance to hear from tigray where spiraling conflict that started last november between ethiopian government forces and separatists has created a humanitarian catastrophe in the north the country. As ever it's the women and children who've suffered most after fleeing for their lives in many cases imagine the impact on young minds on the ground to help them in sheera our mental health counselors from the un's migration agency. I am for the latest. I spoke to media officer cave away. From the international organization for migration in ethiopia. And here she is now if you can imagine them. Im have set up a mental health and psychosocial support clinic in one of the adp sides and overcrowded. Either beside insurer and next to it is an. Im fixed clinic as well which provide medical concentate calls notations other pharmacy and other services by different medical professionals. That's not only just the idp's but also the host communities within this id besides so these are internally displaced people so i no we do fall into acronyms at the united nations but these return displaced people from the tieger conflict. What's the latest from sheera. I'm not sure when you were lost there. But what can you tell us about. How many people have been displaced so far from this conflict in northern ethiopia. Yes the based in. Iom's latest displacement tracking matrix or dtm as we call it We do emergency site assessment. And we're already around six. And on this latest round which i believe covers some the whole month of may we have identified nearly two million internally displaced persons intake dry and neighboring regions of degray amara and afar so that is From two months ago so you can imagine that it is probably more than two million at the moment and how many people is this. Iom psychosocial center catering for it differs like for example in sheera where we have the fix clinic. We have hundreds of people who come every week. Sometimes our colleagues in iowa who works at the who work at the at the center. They work seven days. A week sometimes From day until night. Because the cases are unexpected and in some areas of northern ethiopia for example they may killer. We have mobile health teams and also psychosocial team so they're not in the actual. Besides they travel from different idee sites every day and also everyday have hundreds of people coming in for different reasons like puff colds pregnant ladies. That was really one of my questions. How many children are you actually helping. We're trying to get to the bottom of the extent of mental health trauma and psychosocial issues among youngsters. In sharyo we have helped so far. Fifteen thousand five hundred for image mitch. Bss machines mental health and psychosocial support. How long has the support being there. Insurer these started in sheree in february this year as you know the conflict broke out in november and in the beginning of the conflict it was really hard to access a lot of the areas in the north but as soon as we were able to. We started helping in always possible including a mental health and psychosocial support. Of course you talk about difficulties of getting access. But what are the concerns about those people. You can't reach because of ongoing military conflict. We do not know exactly how many are unreachable or which areas people are in at the moment because the military is really hard to record but in the areas that we have access to we are already struggling to provide a necessary services to them so while we are able to access them. The focus for us is really to be able to respond to those people who can reach on a daily basis so for example in iowa. We have over forty million funding gap. Say you can imagine how much more we will need when be are able to access and get to the places that we have never been yet. Can we talk quickly about the children that you are helping understand. You're not a psychologist. But what's the approach to getting children to open up to reassure them. They're in a safe space. It must be extremely difficult in in what is effectively somewhere. That's not far from a conflict zone no daniel. It truly is very hard. I mean when i visited one of the sites in share i can already see that some of them are very scared to see another foreign person coming to the icty beside and you know we have this thing. We call like an assessment fatigue from them where they always see people coming in and then eventually they leave and then a wait for something to change and nothing happens so there's already that kind of fear from them and sometimes just fatigue. There's to see all this new faces coming and then going but when i visited one of the iep sites insurer. I met this young enthusiastic energetic boy named teddy. He is twelve years old. And that day. That i met him. He was really happy and was really excited to share stories from adp side from his past experiences as a student. But then i was told that the day before he was completely the opposite person. Heavy distressed by conflict. I was able to speak to one of the parents in the site and she told me that one day there was a truck was unloading some heavy trucks and it made a very loud gun like sound. And she saw all the kids rennie under a table and covering their ears and crying and to mijas identity. This personally bitches. The idea of this happening really to me was so sad and disturbing so you can imagine how much distress and even trauma. Some of this kids have to go through. I can't even imagine how hard it must be to live day by day. Not knowing if you're going to have food the next day or are you going to be happy the next day or are you going to see your friends again the next day or will they be moving to another. Ibp side so just. I think the constant uncertainty and distress really for me has struck me the most when i met them some of these children in. Im mitch bss clinic when it might sound obvious to say. That conflict affects a child's development and wellbeing. But why exactly what is it. That conflict does to a child's emotional state it is basically a fact for any human being young or old that the part of our human development is that our mental health and psychosocial wellbeing and social relations. They happen every day. And they are linked to each other but when there is the disruption and uncertainty and a certain amount of fear like that comes out for example of conflict and other emergencies. And you can imagine how this intertwining links. Arches suddenly disrupted and just going in different places. I mean i am not an expert. But i can't imagine that it is not easy and to see how to find ways to cope from that. I think it really is a huge huge challenge and sometimes overlooked in certain situations like an emergency situation. So in iowa is something that we want to feel the gap. and we're not obviously. You can't do it overnight. But a start. I think it's already doing a big change to this. It piece my thanks then to media officer cave away. From the international organization for migration in ethiopia who saw first hand how the mental health counselors are working round the clock to help children displaced by the tigray conflict for today's interview. I also spoke to the agency's mental health and psychosocial support officer amount suhel. Who's based in shira. And she told me that more than fifteen and a half thousand children have been helped in tigray since the conflict started last november. That is some achievement. As i learned that it's often the case that children are unable to properly express or explain their feelings thoughts and behavior. And i should say that amel explained also that children lack the basic things a safe space a place to play and learn all the things that everyone needs and particularly youngsters for healthy development and mental wellbeing and she appealed to the international community not to forget them. My thanks to her. Now it's time for some closing thoughts from salons bahati headquarters high launch. I know this is a tough subject to land on you. But what are your takeaways danielle. Well children have been some of the worst victims of conflicts. Integrate many of them have witnessed things. No child should ever see. They are children. Harboring adult fears leaving invulnerable bodies on the frontlines of violence while a normal child cries about the witch in a fairytale displaced children in tigray. I frightened by the sound of guns by the shadow of a rapist in their nightmares. They are hungry and see themselves. Did the interview remind me of appointment by american author. Emily dickenson she wrote. I felt a funeral in my brain. A mourners to and fro kept trading trading till it seemed. That sense was breaking through than neil. I felt a funeral in my brain. I keep repeating this strong stance and then i think of this children in tigray. Are they imagine their funeral quite possible. Some pain doesn't leave any marks. That's why the work that our colleagues at the international organization for migration a um are doing in mental health clinics is so crucial for the wellbeing of internally displaced people to help them to understand and put words to what they are experiencing. Gave me ray who we just heard mentioned teddy. A young boy who one day seems happy but the next can be totally disturbed and lost in uncertainty. He said that in the future he would like to be an ibm worker to help other children like him. He said maybe. Someday i can even be the director of a am. This is so powerful. Daniel there is still life in his dreams. But i think we must be careful with children's dreams so that they are not broken. I think that all teddy's of the world deserve to have heads that are full of dreams not funeral. Thank you so launch. Of course children should have dreams and they should be able to fulfil them and just returned quickly to what. Iom's mental health officer. Amil suhel told me. She said that although many children do recover from distressing events by themselves. What's really important is support for mental health counselors early on as this can help to prevent them developing serious psychosocial problems later on in life. She said that concerns about the many thousands of children who humanitarian still can't help in conflict affected areas really really bother humanitarian and the unaccompanied minors who've lost their parents to this is a terrible situation and it clearly isn't the last time we'll be talking about tigray on that sobering note. It's time to wrap things up to launch. Thank you for your thoughts as ever and you listeners. For being with us. I hope you've enjoyed the.

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