Afghanistan, Katie Dartford, Dementia discussed on UN News

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Hello in today's show an appeal for afghanistan's neighbors to keep their borders open after the taliban takeover an interview with you and children's fund unicef on the afghan boys and girls risking everything on harrowing migration journeys and an alert over far too located vaccination rates across africa. That's all coming up in this week's you and catch up datelined geneva. Thanks for listening. I the news with katie dartford in afghanistan. The u n refugee agency. The unhcr has repeated. It's cool to neighboring states. To keep their borders open to those fleeing the country around three point five million people are internally displaced many of those wishing to cross into pakistan or iran may not have the documents they need his. Unhcr spokesperson and jameh hitch. Speaking in geneva. Those leaving afghanistan may nevertheless have international protection needs when those wishing to cross may also be unable to do so without boss for documentation hence our coal on the countries neighboring afghanistan to keep their borders open and allow those. Maybe be to seek safety and we read support. Humanitarian needs of those people and the responsibility countries pakistan has hosted afghan refugees for decades with one point. Four million registered. Well this is posed significant pressures on pakistani authorities and host communities the agency said on tuesday that it remained ready to help scale up the response to humanitarian needs. Dementia is a growing global problem that affects tens of millions of people but it is not inevitable. The world health organization said on thursday as it issued an urgent call for countries to focus on prevention measures to avoid being overwhelmed data from the u. n. health agency covering three quarters of the world's population indicated that more than fifty five million people live with illness. This number is estimated to rise to one hundred thirty nine million by twenty fifty said. Who's dr catrine. Zia from the department of mental health and substance use where far from being able to cure dementia. So at this site and i think that's why it's so important to prepare health and social caste systems. We do need to provide care and support at to enable people who have dementia to live as independently as possible and with the right amount of support. That is truly possible. Doctor sia insisted that dementia was not an inevitable. Part of aging and that measures to prevent cognitive decline in later years should be employed by countries. Now these include promoting education and tackling depressions that obligate show which warned that only a quarter of the world's countries have national policy supporting people with dementia and their families. Eight and ten african countries are set to miss the goal of vaccinating the most vulnerable ten percent of their populations against cove in nineteen by the end of september in an alert from the world health organization. It said that forty. Two of africa's fifty four nations needed to speed up vaccination deliveries and getting shots in people's arms if they achieve the ten percent threshold nine. African countries have already reached the target including south africa morocco in tunisia. The un agency explained that while many african countries have sped up corona virus jobs as vaccine shipments increased in august twenty. Six countries have used less than half of their cova. Nineteen vaccines across africa. Cova nineteen infections are declining slightly but remained stubbornly high the who said noting a rising number of new cases in central east and west africa. A more than five thousand five hundred deaths in the week ending on the twenty ninth of august. Katie dartford un news. Thanks to katie dartford for the news. And here. she is again with this week's interview with you and children's fund unicef which has issued an alert that more unaccompanied girls and boys are on the move today than ever and would you believe it. The highest number of unaccompanied children seeking asylum in europe. Come from afghanistan as we'll hear now from unicef's verena kness all of the world. Today is looking at afghanistan at the news where we're facing country with eight hundred million people in humanitarian. Need half of them being children. Millions on the brink of a famine given the draw of last year's water shortages medical shortages and. Then you go back and think okay. How come that we are worried about. African girls afghan women and the future for them in the country. And we've been sitting by and watching the situation when nine in ten unaccompanied children from afghanistan seeking protection. Europe have been boys and of course this really forces us. I think to ask some uncomfortable question. Where can girls get protection. Is there a level playing field for boys and girls into world to seek and access. International protection is afghanistan. Really just the odd exception or is this the place in the case around the world. And how much do we know about equity and inequality between boys and goes on the move but really there are many many blind spots if we want to understand and respond places like afghanistan. Today we need to address is blind spots. Can you tell me where exactly in afghanistan people leaving from and have you had any contact with the taliban. The taliban on the ground has actually asked us in areas where we can continue to work to continue and provide those basic humanitarian services. We will continue to do so. We have been there. We would stay. We want to deliver for every child. We have at the moment. Thirteen offices nationwide that continued to deliver lifesaving supplies and we have a constructive dialogue with local interlocutors of the taliban to allow us to scale up our response where it is most needed to reach as many girls and boys as we can but the needs are so great we cannot do it with over eighty million people in need of humanitarian assistance. We need to get together and we ourselves at the moment have funding requirement of you nearly one hundred ninety two million. Us dollars just to provide lifesaving assistance to those vulnerable children in meat so we will need to work together. We will need to stay. We will need to deliver. There is a big country and there are many more people in need. That are not living and they need out support. What did you find out about the reasons the differences between girls and boys as to why leaving it starts with expectations at home and decision making so very often migration decision making itself is already gendered an influence by gender expectations different roles and responsibilities. That boys or girls play very often. Many catcher context boys are expected to be the main breadwinners to in a way. Beat the families insurance policy so a family takes the decision to send the boy from ghana. somalia sudan abroad. Earn money for. The family goes very often and not expected to play this role but for many girls in other contexts. And this is particularly the case in somalia. Eritrea where we find proportionately high numbers of those moving alone. It is very often that migration presents a way out of false marriage or a tactic to delay marriage so their motivations why and goes move are very different but then of course also the roots and the way a difference for example boys. I'm much more likely to migrate long distances and leave countries cross borders. Goes much more likely to move. Within countries this.

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