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Peered appear conversations and francis collins director of the national institute of health let me talk a little bit about something that you did that brought you to national fame and attention and that's the human genome project what was the human genome project and why do we care about europe having codiscovered it well good question so what is the genome any it's basically the entire instruction book which is written in the language of dna for an organism so we uman's have a genome all other league living organism animals plants bacteria they all have a gino ours is pretty big if you think of dna as a language it's an interesting one that has just four letters in its alphabet which we call a cgmt 'cause they're abbreviations for chemical basis and our genomes are six billion of those letters you get three billion from mom and 3 billion from death that's a lot although it's pretty amazing to contemplate that that's abounded set of information and that seems to be sufficient to build a human being from a single cell and win the gino project was started in 1990 we knew very little of that information we had little snippets here and there of dna information but the whole thing loomed in front of us almost like an impossible task because our technology was nowhere near up to the ability to read that number of letters in any kind of measurable time so why air seek human being better off because we now have mapped shooter in gino well there are many questions about that the whole thing got finished in two thousand three and there were some silly comments about okayed medicine will be transformed in the next two weeks because of this of.