Maroons, Leeward Maroons, Leeward discussed on Stuff You Missed in History Class
It there too in late March of seventeen thirty. Nine Governor Governor. Edward for Lonnie commissioned Colonel John Guthrie to negotiate a peace treaty to end the Maroon War Guthrie started with captains cut joe and ACAPA Pong of the leeward. Maroons trelawny himself was eager enough to get this over with that. Instead of just staying in towns await for a treaty to be brought the him he hiked out to vantage point near the negotiation so he could be on hand to sign the treaty as soon as it was finalized. Joe's signed of the fifteen point treaty on March first of Seventeen thirty nine the treaty put an end to hostilities between the British and the LEEWARD. Maroons and that granted them freedom in liberty. Along with fifteen hundred acres of land in northwest Jamaica stretching out from trelawny town the main leeward settlement through what's known as cockpit country the LEEWARD. MAROONS had the right to hunt on the island. As long as it was not within three miles of white settlement they also had the right to plant crops and raise livestock and sell L.. What they grew and raised at the market as long as they had a license to do it? The treaty also offered the Leeward maroons some legal protections and assigned them some obligations. The Marines had the right to petition officers and magistrates for Justice in the event that a white person did them harm the leeward. Maroons could also so handled justice for crimes that their own people committed. As long as there's crimes were not severe enough to warrant the death penalty in which case that was supposed to be handed over to the British court. They had to have an annual meeting with Jamaica's commander in chief. He was British as to white people whose roles were not really defined the treaty where to live with the maroons. Enter Lonnie town. I'm imagining that. These were almost like ambassadors. who were living they did? It didn't really specify what they were supposed to be doing. In this treaty it was also up to the LEEWARD. Maroons to maintain roads between their settlements and the British towns. Some of the treaty's terms instantly earned the leeward. Maroons a lot of enemies. They had to quote take kill suppress or destroy rebels on the island which usually meant other maroons. But more controversial he quote if any negroes shall hereafter run away from their master or owners and fall into captain cudgels hands they shall immediately be sent back to the Chief Magistrate of the next parish where they are taken and those that bring them are to to be satisfied for their trouble as legislature shall appoint in other words following the signing of this treaty if people escaped enslavement and made their way to cut joe in the LEEWARD maroons. MAROONS would send them back. This made Jamaica enslaved population incredibly angry and this was the case for some of his own people to one faction attempted a last minute coup to keep the treaty from going into effect but when Cudgel heard about it here arrested four of the ringleaders and turned them over to the governor especially considering how much Maroon survival. Until this point had evolved loved had involved raiding plantations and liberating people who were enslaved. Their people saw this as a huge betrayal quite understandably and like that continues still today. The governor recognizing that the deep anger stemming from these provisions had the potential to make the situation and on the plantations worse instead of better sent troops to one of the plantations descent had been the loudest severely punished the people in slave there an executed cupid many of them for the most part the windward. MAROONS did not even know that. These negotiations had happened once those treaties were signed but once they learned learned about it they realize that between the British and the Leeward maroons they were vastly outnumbered so under duress they signed their own very similar treaty. Eh on December twenty third the captain from the windward. Maroons who signed this was a man named clough. Things are relatively peaceful between the British. And the MAROONS for more than fifty years. But the British population on Jamaica as before continued to grow including taking over the land. That was supposed to be allotted to the MAROONS Skirmishes started flare up again and the Maroon stopped returning escapees from the plantations and they started rating. Those plantations again then two. MAROONS were convicted of stealing pigs. And they were publicly flogged. This punishment was is carried out by the foreman of the prison in Montego Bay. who was black and it was done in front of some people who had escaped from enslavement? Who the marines had returned and watching from the prison? These returned escapees taunted and jeered the two minutes they were being punished. The maroons anger anger over. This incident was twofold. They felt number one under the terms of the previous treaty. They should have been able to handle doling out their own punishments the way Hey. The punishment had been carried out was also particularly humiliating. This time the conflict was much shorter lasted only about got a year. Governor Alexander Lindsay ordered the Maroons to stand down by August twelfth. Seventeen ninety five but nearly all of them refused. He extended ended the deadline to December twenty first and then to January first of the following year. Finally it took the recruitment of additional forces and a shipment of hunting dogs is brought in from Cuba to finally get maroons to surrender. That previous conflict had been a lot lot lot longer but this one was a a lot more efficient And that surrender finally happened in March of seventeen ninety six. Although many of them ruins didn't actually lay down their arms until a little later even when the fighting was over Governor Lindsay considered the situation way too precarious to allow the Marines to return home. He was particularly worried about the ones from trelawny town. which was the largest Marines settlement in Jamaica so oh he boarded five hundred? Tra- Lonnie town maroons onto to transport vessels that were waiting in the harbour by port. Royal with the plan of of deporting them in this. He.