President Trump, Paul Jackson, Russia discussed on BBC Newshour
Oil and uranium is shed you to hold elections next weekend, but in a country where power is rarely being decided through the ballot box The poll was always going to be problematic. The country's awash with armed rebel groups. The current president faster Garcons toward era relies on U N. Rwandan and Russian troops for his security and is accused of former president Francois Bozize, eh? Who's being barred from standing in the election of leading an attempted coup on his tensions rise yet more Landon and Russian troops have been deployed in the country's so what's behind this latest increasing violence. Paul Jackson Is professor of African politics at the University of Birmingham here in England. The current flare up is really caused by the fact that there is an election coming up on December 27th and you have the incumbent president today era on his coalition of different militia groups. Up against the former president disease A who has actually been banned from standing by the court. But he came back in July and declared that he was going to stand said Central African Republic is Is basically a serious of shifting sands of different militias. And so you have different coalitions on each side. And last week What happened was that three of the biggest ones came together to support does, he say, and they marched on the capital, which is sort of precipitated this very latest round of violence. The external players Rwanda, Russia, France, the former colonial power You have the U. N that intervened after the fall of the city, say in 2013, and then the French that had a military intervention in 2016 on guaranteed the election of the current president. But then underneath that U N mandate you have the Russians who unusually in Africa have been mandated by the U. N to retrain and reequip the Army of the Central African Republic. The other external players. You you have to look at the Rwandans who are make up quite a large contingent within the U. N force on. Actually, they have sent troops in over the last couple of days because their troops are the ones that are being attacked. I possess these rebels that were advancing on the capital city. You've referred a number of times to two armed militias. I mean, how did they spring up and there they based on ethnicity they based on religion. Based on mixed set of principles really, At the simplest level. They are Muslim militia against Christian militia on all of these groups are permeable to some degree. And anyone who's in power essentially relies on trying to knit together on maintain coalitions of these separate groups. So one of the prospects of next weekend's elections going ahead on Those elections being accepted by ALS, these dissident armed militias. I think because the international community is very king for the elections to go ahead. I think they will. My personal view is that to Dara will will win. I would say that the election isn't really going to change that much. So you'll have the capital Bangui is still being controlled by by the U N on the Russians to a lesser extent, and maybe the French. You remain the biggest military force in the country. But then whoever wins the opposition groups of militias are not going to accept them in a hurry. Of the CIA's mineral deposits, play a part in ALS, these shifting alliances and grabs for power. Yes, As always. It has very generous deposits of diamonds and gold and uranium, and because although the Russians are in there completely legally and under the auspices of the U. N Although no one actually knows this for certain there are serious suspicions that effectively that is guns and training for mineral resources deal. That was Paul Jackson, professor of African politics at the University of Birmingham in England. Two men have been found guilty in the U. K of.