Britain, Impulsivity, Henrietta discussed on Reasons to be Cheerful
We need very large prevalence study to understand who is impacted negatively and then work out from there what they're doing being and whether there are potentially some will harmful types of gambling than others some more addictive types of gambling or types of gambling that are more attractive to to young people to children for example. Can we talk about you described <hes> gambling addiction as both a disease and an illness. Can we talk about what what are the underlying causes of that and also what you've found to be effective ways of treating gambling addiction at the national no problem gambling center so gambling disorder is the world over known as an illness in the old days it will seem more as as a as a weakness of the individual unable to resist environmental cues such as bookmakers for example on their way home from work. Nowadays we are very well aware <hes> that some people have a predisposing vulnerability. I'll start with the genetics of it. We know that all addictions there is a significant component is hera so about half of our patients have parents or grandparents who were problem gamblers. We know that impulsivity which is again very closely closely linked to neurobiological deregulation is much much higher in pathological gamblers and in other than in the general population so these are two factors that play a big part we also see people who start gambling at a later age who may not have the genetic predisposition but a gambling to fill a void maybe after a bereavement or divorce a loss <hes> sometimes a loss of a job with financial concerns and they feel that by gambling they might be able to to due to <hes> <hes> more money now there is one last group the students there is a large concern about students university people who are trying to gamble to make money to get through their degree years and we come across quite a few who drop out of university but who started with the mace ace perception that they would be able to make money from gambling and today those are the other factors that you've described are the students distinct from that sometimes the students get into gambling through what is known as an early big win and what happens here it is a well known and researched i factor or vulnerability where they witnessed early on in their gambling careers either someone else winning large amount or they themselves one large amount amount and large for their own budgets of course but deemed to be large enough to be exciting enough to create this reward pathway dis regulation that we i see so clearly now gamblers. I think henrietta obviously sees a lot of the sharp end of things that you in the in the in the canadian and sees a lot of these personal vulnerability factors which no data exists but because public health approach would would say in a very personal vulnerability okay then maybe family vulnerability but of course if you expose people in particular ways to dangerous things then those two things in combination are pretty deadly ainsley combination so a public health approach would start off by by saying. This isn't an ordinary commodity. We're talking about this is dangerous commodity talking about so big good good comparison indeed yes. Yes interestingly enough the prevalence. We talked earlier about the prevalence of it. People are very surprised when i say to the estimated prevalence of problem gambling in britain gambling disorder people's different terms is very similar similar to the estimated prevalence for britain of problems associated with illicit drugs and and how would we change what we did until the law and the way we regulate gambling if we.