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Okay. Obviously we're in the Tora. Just by way of Review Genesis Exodus Limited numbers. Deuteronomy are Torah or the Pentateuch and of these. We are of course a book. That's really a collection of sermons were Moses. Knowing as at the end of his days his is reviewing and giving them a final message and so the whole redemptive God's plan redemption was an exodus his instruction for worship an exit twenty three numbers ten and then their failure faith where they were condemned to a thirty eight years to take thirty eight years. What really should have been eleven Sunday journey in book of numbers? Finally we get during those After those they have as you recall as before the conquest east of Jordan the king of og the king of Ceylon and the rest of them And but we always think of conquest as being under Joshua in Israel proper as we would call it or the west of the Jordan River ever had several conquest east and they actually setup some cities. We're talking about a minute. which is one reason wanting a perspective but we get to the book of Deuteronomy the whole issue? Here's relationship. Let me surprise you because we were talking to the laws. As Moses continues to review the various laws were established in exodus and numbers and so forth. It's actually a set of sermons and its relationship. The basic message is that God has not changed since then and man has not changed since then the basic message believe it or not in the book of Deuteronomy as Love Book of Deuteronomy is the book that Jesus quotes from more than any other book. He quotes from each Jesus quotes from each of the books of the Torah and attributes them to Moses. So these people who think that Moses didn't write it. I haven't done their homework if you if you believe in. Jesus Christ you who wrote the book. The books of Moses did you don't believe in Jesus Christ you've got bigger problems in the authorship of the Torah Jesus quotes from the book of Deuteronomy that any. It's interesting that during his temptations famous temptations. Each one of his responses is a quote from scripture in each of those scriptures are in that could around. And so it's not a question of do's and don'ts renewed the army's actually not about legalism as it would seem so superficial reading. It's actually about relationship. and Jesus is the fulfillment of each of these issues relationships. And I don't go through the rest. They'll be in the notes we'll go ahead and so the outline of the book is pretty simple. This really group of sermons and then a summary of three sermons really and then some comments that were appended of course by the scribes regarding Moses very final days and so now we mentioned last time eighteen qualities profit so we mentioned that in the gospel of John We when they when Ghana Baptist was east of the Jordan twenty miles from Jerusalem the scribes had to send a special invested investigative team to find out what was going on such crowds with John the Baptist at the Jordan from the temple area that the they wanted to find out what's going on. It's very interesting itself. You realize these people are on foot. There was no rental cars like today in Jerusalem. You grab around car. And it's twenty mile driving join. These people walked twenty miles to John the Baptist so many that the investigated. When they went there they asked three questions? Are you the Messiah. No are you the the Elijah no are you. That Prophet the Prophet of Moses. Of course he said no and then He. He was in John One but this Prophet of Moses is interesting I think that from Deuteronomy eighteen and other passages. There was an expectation obviously return of Elijah. That's mentioned in Malachi places and obviously the the messiahs atmosphere of expectation there. But this Prophet of Moses Jesus was incidentally interestingly enough fulfillment of that too there's a lot of parallels between Moses. Jesus he was buried in both of them were spared in infancy both of them renounced a royal court both of them both Jesus and Moses had compassion for the the people both Jesus Moses Make Intercession for the people in both exodus thirty four and second Corinthians three that they spoke with face to the face and of course both of them were mediators Covenant Moses and the Old Testament of course Jesus in the New Testament. So it's interesting to see those parallels but deuteronomy structures structure pretty straightforward. I I if you chapters about the failure that they had endured and the conclusion of thirty eight years of wilderness wandering the mutual love the love of God for the people and the obligations in response. In fact that's really what chapters twelve to twenty seven with the obligations of God related people and there are even though we're not under the law. There's many things that will gleaned from that as being related people and then the alternatives that are before God related people in Chapters Twenty seven thirty and and then the final arrangements that continuity with Moses passing at the end of the book so that's a quick snapshot of the Book. Of course we are in chapters nine in one thousand nine hundred eighty tonight so nineteen. We're GONNA talk a little bit about the cities of refuge. We're talking about what a goal is and we'll talk about the principle of Lex Talionis a switch a you know as I for night so forth so but it's interesting what's happening here. Is there anticipating settlement. They've been wandering mm for thirty eight years so all the arrangements that they're used to traveling nomadic groove are starting to shift because they're going after Moses dies are going to be going into the land under Josh. Josh wants on. But they'll start settling and some changes they're just going to start decentralizing. The administration of Justice as a nomadic tribe. They had a central authority with those in the precinct. Self-worth they're going to have to distribute that so it's going to change caused some changes under Moses. The Altar had become become an asylum for someone who killed another person accidentally if you were accused of manslaughter you killed someone. In those days. The next of kin would come after you but if you were if was an accidental death what we call slaughter there with their provisions there was if if they could make it to the to the to the tabernacle the altered self was a place that someone innocent could find asylum. Well that doesn't work if you're GONNA be spread across the land so he'll even the slaying of animals by the way was now. Decentralized Remember Deuteronomy twelve but so the law of asylum had geographical changes going on. So let's jump into deuteronomy eighteen verse one when the Lord Thy God has cut off the nation's nations whose land the Lord I got give it. The and succeed has them and Wellington their cities and in their houses. Thou shalt separate three city's for the in the midst of land which the Lord Giveth either possess now short prepare the way and divide the coasts of I land which the Lord thy God give it to inherit into three parts that every slayer may flee so this is where you're introducing this whole idea of the the a cities of refuge. They actually set up three already on the east of the Jordan. They're gonNA sit up three more on the west of the Jordan and these and we'll take a look at these here. The I want you to understand that when the tribes go into the land each of the tribes the exception of one gets inheritance by lot they divide the land into regions for Judas Indian Benjamin and so forth and except for the Levis the Levis did not inherit the land because God was their inheritance but they did get. We're forty eight cities that were assigned to the Levi's they're actually thirteen of those were for the family of Aaron. The priest themselves nine were in Judah Foreign Foreign Benjamin the others were scattered over six but six of these forty eight cities were declared cities of refuge and the they were to have a space of about a thousand cubits cubits call it five hundred thirty three yards if you will beyond the city walls for pasture and raising crops and such purposes in addition to the city and when we say the cities it wasn't just the town they receive some area around town and the sacred boundary was a square. We understand from some archaeological discoveries having the four angles at the four cardinal points conviction. Is that what we call dioramas but equal size but with the a corners at the at the cardinal points but anyway four six of these. It's eight forty cities of refuge. And they were checking Bron Beezer rim of Gilead and go and the Golan town now as we'll see when the quickly the picture here but we'll see as the text develops the idea was. Is that if you found yourself in a situation where you'd 'cause the accidental death of someone you're working in the example of Moses will use if if the head of the ACA chopping trees should slip off and hit somebody and kill exactly dental. There's no there's no premeditation. There's no grudge. It's not that's what we we would call them are manslaughter equivalent. If you accidentally hit someone in the car or something if that was the case what you did right then and there you had to find find your way quickly to one of the city's refuge and if you could convince the city fathers there and there's a procedure that will come to that it was manslaughter not premeditated they would give you asylum the the Of Injury of blood the next of kin person that was killed. It was coming after. You could not touch what you if you had made it to the city of refuge and we're accepted by them and as long as you remained in the city of refuge. You are safe if you left the city of refuge for whatever reason you were fair game to the Avenger of blood see realized. They didn't have an organized. Police Force interesting to realize we have a nation here Israel that had no that didn't have a police force that such also had prisons. You took care that another way and so it's a different kind of cultural setting but we observe this with great fascination in fact if you read most commentators most commentators they will talk about. This tend to regard this whole procedure. Getting into as just a quaint custom of ancient Israel this nomadic tribe converting to a settlement tribe. As as just you know a curious cultural background it may have some implications that are far more profound once you recognize that the scripture is designed By God himself and every detail there is specifically by engineering. We start asking ourselves some questions. What's what's going on here because there's another aspect? The city's he's refuse very strange used. You had this asylum in the city of refuge until the high priest died the high priest died. You're free to go and you're or protected and you go back home now you see yourself. That's kind of weird. Because these cities are scattered across the whole nation. And what does what does the death of the high priest down in Jerusalem have to do anything but that was the procedure that was in the Torah. Well let's take a look at these cities to get a feeling for the geography. Three of them are west.