Russia, Crimea, Kerch Strait discussed on The World


Of Israel. It's in Iran that's Monday on the PBS NewsHour that story. Developing news in less than one hour after the world the PBS NewsHour at three pm today. You're on KiKi. We good afternoon. I'm Dave Freeman. I'm Marco werman. You're with the world the conflict between Russia and Ukraine has been on a slow burn for the last couple of years that is until yesterday. Russian warplanes and ships attacked and seized three. Ships of Ukraine's navy after they approach waters claimed by Russia in response. Ukraine's government is declaring martial law in border regions. Sunday's clash took place in a vital seaway. Call the Kerch strait. Alina Polyakova is a fellow at the Brookings Institution. The Kirk straight has been a issue of serious contention ever since Russia's illegal annexation and continue occupation of Crimea twenty fourteen because it is a body of water through which Ukrainian Russian and other ships have to pass to get for example, let's say from Istanbul. If you want to make a shipment directly to a port in southeastern Ukraine, you have to pass through the cart straight, and it's relatively narrow passageways. So it is very ripe for potential accidents for conflict. So it is a significant. Commercial passageway that is critical to the Ukrainian economy. I mean, it's not far from where the fighting has been happening since two thousand fourteen how is this event in the Kerch strait and the fighting in eastern, Ukraine. How are they connected since Russia took control of Crimea, the Russian government to much fanfare has now built a bridge that connects mainland Russia over the Kerch straight to Crimea, which allows Russia to supply Crimea with food and other resources. What's been happening on land on Ukrainian land territory? Not in the maritime territory is that Russia has seemed to desire to have a land bridge. I'm all the way to Crimea. Because even with the construction of the bridge the dust connect Russia to Crimea. It is still difficult to get other things like electric city and water to Crimea. And it is costing the Russian federation quite a bit of money to continue to go over this bridge and to use water. As especially so it's a potential strategy on the Russian side to try to put more pressure on multiple, especially so they can over time even take over that land territory and have access to Crimea via land versus via water. Isn't that totally illegal? Yes. Yes, glad we cleared that up. What is your sense of who actually started this? Well, we know that is a typical Russian strategy not just in the Ukraine conflict. But also going all the way back two thousand eight with the Russian war with Georgia. It's to provoke with an initial aggressive move that seems relatively minor ramming a small Ukrainian tugboat, for example, which is what happened in the last few days, and then any sort of response from the other side is then used as an excuse to commence, much, more, direct, military aggression. And this is exactly the kind of pattern that we're seeing developed today with this escalation in the as OC. The cart straight. So this is part of the Kremlin's playbook. We've seen this movie before I think the big question now is will the international community respond in a much more started way than we've seen back. Let's say in two thousand eight with the Russian warned Georgia. So do you see this turning into a war? And would it be a clash between the actual armed forces of both Russia and Ukraine. The potential for a full out war of that nature is unlikely first of all the Ukrainians are no match for Russian naval military might in the sea of absolve. They're completely outflanked and outmatched. And then the Russian side there is also not much of an incentive to have a full blown out war, which could potentially involve other world powers like the United States or even your out. But that's not something that the Russian people would want. I don't think that's something liberal leadership. But one I think what is much more likely is that we're going to see this slow burning continued aggression that we've been seeing on land a new crane now happening in the last thing, I just curious to know Alina what you think whether whether Putin felt kind of substantially emboldened by Trump's kind of whatever response to what happened to Jamal Khashoggi. That's an interesting question. I think certainly President Trump's stated desire to stand by. Saudi Arabia in light of this quite brutal murder has sent a signal that President Trump will likely stand by him as well. I hope that is not true. I hope that there is a line that the Russians are not allowed to cross. And I think certainly the US congress should use this as an opportunity to impose consequences in Russia to make it very clear that the US continues to recognize Ukrainian sovereignty. I will not recognize Russia's continued aggression against independence states Alina Polyakova at the Brookings Institution. Thank you for your time. Thank you Marco..

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