France, Haiti, Geico discussed on This Day in History Class
One day at a time with a quick look at what happened today in history. Welcome to the podcast I'm Tracy Wilson and it's August twenty. First, the Haitian Revolution began on a state in seventeen ninety one, Haiti at the time was the Caribbean colony of Sange which was held by France, and it made huge amounts of money for France through the sugar industry. The enslaved population who was working at those sugar plantations was the vast majority of the colony's population. This was true. A lot of places that were relying on Chattel slavery to do their Labor often the enslaved workforce was vastly larger than the enslavers who were living there. Vast majority in the case of Sandino was about thirty thousand white people about twenty four, thousand free people of Color and four, hundred and fifty thousand enslaved Africans and people of African descent. The people who were enslaved on the sugar plantations were doing just grueling work in punishing climate that was also prone to. Tropical Diseases. In terms of enslaved people that conditions were particularly horrifying then the French Revolution started that affected the entire French empire including France's colonies and other parts of the world. And as they heard about what was happening in the French Revolution the free people of Color in Santa. Manage. Started demanding full citizenship rights. The free people of Color definitely had a lot more rights than the enslaved people. Some of them also enslaved people themselves, but they didn't have the same rights as the white population some but definitely, not all of demands white citizens were. Also thinking about making some kind of move for independence from France. So there was a lot going on and a rebellion by the free people of color in seventeen ninety was really quickly put down then in August of seventeen, ninety one, the uprising started among the enslaved people and it was really violent. The most well known leaders of this uprising were Jacques. Selene and Francois. To Sir who would later take the name Toussaint L'Ouverture these two were really good at organizing and its strategy and by seventeen ninety three, the enslaved people had taken over a portion of the colony. France was really on its way to defeat at this point in the colony, but it was also at war with Spain and Britain, and so this blossomed into an international conflict with other nations seeing the chance to possibly claim send demand or their own and with the enslaved people seeing opportunities to work with some of these other countries to fight back against France and France, gave the more affluent. Freeman of color full citizenship rights basically because they were backed into a corner and France abolished slavery in its colonies in seventeen ninety four. This meant that they enslaved people who've been working with France's enemies then switched sides because there's enemies had not yet abolished slavery eventually to sow lower tour named himself governor general for life and eighteen o one although he did die in France eighteen thirty three. After being captured and imprisoned all in all this revolution went on from seventeen ninety, one to eighteen o four, and in the end, the colony gained independence from France declared independence on January first eighteen, O four and was renamed. Hedi it became the first country to be founded by formerly enslaved people although life in Haiti did continue to be really difficult since nearly its whole population had been enslaved. For All of this time, and it had no opportunity to build their own wealth. The legacy of slavery also continues to affect life and culture in the economy of Haiti all the way up until today the effect of this revolution on the United States was also huge as was the case before the uprising, the enslaved population of the American south in most places greatly outnumber the enslaving. White population. And a lot of places people had already been really scared of slave. And the fact that this had happened in Haiti and it had been successful main people even more terrified simultaneously there were others than the nation who were just ready to start trading with this newly independent nation. But the people who were terrified of this whole situation wound up becoming even more strict and harsh and draconian, and how they treated their slave population in the hope of preventing this kind of thing from happening in the United States. You can learn more about all this in the January twenty seventh twenty, ten episode of stuff you missed in history class and thanks to Tari. Here's some for audio work. On this show, you can subscribe to this day in history class, apple podcasts, Google podcasts, and wherever you get your podcasts. Tomorrow tune in for a set of rules governing warfare. Did you know GEICO's now offering an extra fifteen percent credit on car and motorcycle policies. That's fifteen percent on top of what Geico could already save you. So what are you waiting for your teenager to help around the house? Okay. Mom Empty The dishwasher vacuum basement and folded the sheets out of the dryer what Oh and next I'm GonNa Clean Litterbox we in some kind of prank show or something that's a camera isn't it? There's never been a better time to.