Australia, Pauline Hanson, China discussed on 'Global Leadership with Greg Parry'


Hi I'm Greg. Perry talk to you today about global leadership. Don't want to introduce you to a new concept of mine. Open you to you. But it certainly relatively new to me. And that's the concept of xenophilia. A word that describes an attraction for interest in things that a culture that a different interesting people and cultures and and behaviors related to cultures. That are different to our own the opposite of xenophobia. But I'm sure given the recent focus of this in the media you'll be very well aware of this word to be on site for me. I'd never heard of the word of xenophobia until the late nineties. Xenophobia was a word that was introduced to my vocabulary because of an interesting Controversial figure Apolo an emerging politician named pulling Hanson. What happened in the late nineties? Is that she. Her popularity grew when she had a focus against immigration. She wanted to reduce the amount of Asian immigration into Australia. She was also critical of the Aboriginal Tar. Strata all in commission Aboriginal Organization. Who was WHO TRIES TO SUPPORT ABORIGINAL PEOPLE IN AUSTRALIA? And many other things as well certainly She was provoking conversations about cultural and national identity. She was interviewed by a sixty minutes. Reporter Tracy cure and these topics and she basically set pull enhancing up in in a situation that drew lots of public attention. She asked Pauline Hanson if she was xenophobic and it was probably no surprise. That didn't know what the woods in phobic meant. So she replied. Please explain and that catch phrase please explain now has become very popular and it's been a useful a lot of comedy and sending up pulling Hanson over. The years is still popular today. I don't want to get involved in a discussion about politics but I just do want to say that that interesting time when pulling was particularly prominent in those late nineties and the cons and this discussion about xenophobia did provide us all the talk a lot about national identity and cultural identity. It provoked us to talk about what it was to be an Australian and people had very different views about that The the common mass media view mode of being at the time that it was about you know people are of Anglo Saxon British origin rather than the aboriginal people who originally inhabited the land. That was a lot of discussion about immigration. And what it meant to be a strain whether you whether you were born on the shores or you immigrated as well so a lot of discussion of arguments about national identity and certainly this concept. The xenophobia was talked about a log. These fear of difference the fear of out of people that look different to us the fear of people that had a different cultural identity to us the fear of people that spoke another language. So I really appreciate the concept of xenophilia which is the opposite. It means I have sympathy for a strange eight means to have an affection for unknown or foreign things to be attracted to understanding other cultures. And I really do find that very interesting. Certainly if we think about the history of the world we we would know that xenophobia. Fear of the unknown is a is a primitive behavior that was meant to keep people safe backing. If we go back to the caveman days. We think about us being quite tribal and anyone. That wasn't a pot about tribe was a threat if we came across someone in the jungle or out in the desert or in the mountains of wherever we were who we had never met before automatically a threat. Because I went pot about Dr Farrow dramatically. Some we should feel because that would dangerous to us and the instinct was to kill them. The instinct was to protect ourselves by defending out territory because anyone not an asteroid was automatically threatened. I would kill us. Kill be killed so certainly goes back to too many generations before us. Well of course it's twenty twenty now. I think it's time to think differently. It's time for us to be more open about difference and for us to understand difference. The truth is in a phobia in many really is about being naive. It's about not understanding difference if we believe a lot of what see on social media and we see in the movies that tends to be a highlight on things that are different because it's it provokes conflict provokes interest movies aboard and if we don't have conflict and it would seem the social media and the news is also fairly simple and boring if we don't follow differences as well so xenophilia. We certainly attractive to me because it really. It's about having an interest and an attraction for difference rather than seeing the threats that sit behind it. Sadly historically in a five year has been roff because we have understood difference. Let's take for example religions. There's an automatic conflict between religions because people religion is really a way a way of thinking and we bought be threatened by people who think differently to us. We feel like that. That's a threat to our belief system. A THREAT TO OUR WIND fundamentals. And again if you if you follow mass media social media you might end the here. The extremes of different religions you might need the extremes of Christianity. You might hear the extremes of office lung and not really understand that. The religions are pretty similar in in many respects in terms of how people behave and how they spend every day The general behind is a not that radically different but we would tend to The differences to separate ourselves from same. We highlight differences so that we can make ourselves feel different and separate from others. And that's a natural thing for people to do offer up in in regional style the sunshine coast and to be honest. I didn't spend a lot of time with people that were different to me in that pot of Australia. Most people look just like me. Most people have similar origins to me. I had friends that have different colored skin but not many friends that had different cultural background. I had Aboriginal friends I had an aboriginal cousin. That tobacco's didn't have many friends or didn't know many people that were Asian or from all the different countries of the world. I'd certainly didn't spend very much taller. People spoke another language to me. My best friend was done so I met him when I was about twelve years of age. He didn't speak very good. English and I definitely spoke another language. So I guess he was my first introduction to someone who was culturally different but in but he's culture not that radical radically different tomato in his food is a little bit different. And of course maybe. Some of these ideas were different but we both kids Beyond that thought to be fail grew again. I grew up a very margin escon of environment a place when people were relatively same and I think that's the same for many people in Australia outside major cities. It's natch for people to feel the difference because that had experiences of we make up things on our head. We tend to listen to the extremes of difference rather than understand what is the sign and xenophobe is is sadly to natural for the reasons I just described before and I really look forward to a Tom Wins. Then affiliate was more natural attraction of motivation. To understand. Difference is the net through default position. I think we'd have certainly a much more healthier world so if just followed the social media and mass media we modest seem xenophobe risk quite. Rothwell well to be fair. I've traveled in fifty nine countries. Fifty countries of the wolf and of lived in six different countries now for significant periods of taunt. It's been my experience that people have always been very supportive and welcome in of me. I must admit I've certainly been treated well is been times on. I've been in countries like China or and haven't had a common language that people have seen me confused or not sure what to do and they've they reached out and tried to help and support me through charades and and variety. Different means means we've been able to communicate with each other and they've been outta help me out but to be honest it's probably also because always a Wad Australian Personal My background tends to together a lot. More support than people have maybe different skin or different cultural origins as well but again. I want to say that personally. I haven't experienced racism xenophobia. The same as other people have done so and also would like to think that most of the world is not. Hey thinking most of the world's very welcoming most of the world is very supportive of difference but I think we need to take some big steps forward certainly if the pandemic crosses toward US anything. We've understood very very quickly. How dependent countries our upon each other? We know that the pandemic crosses has a could because the started in one particular location at this point believe it started in China in a particular city. Things are still unclear about it sergeant and how it spread but we probably know that it spread rapidly because people move from country to country. We went back one hundred years ago. Wouldn't have spreads so rapidly because we didn't travel so much so we certainly need to understand that that as we travel more the world has become smaller. The virus has spread so so quickly because the world is much smaller than it used to be in terms of transport and technology. We also know that it's affected. Our economy is badly and it's the economy's dependence on each other country to country that have certainly sent the the world's economic crosses very very foss we neither particularly the Misha countries but all countries of the world when things go wrong financially other countries experience as well so that interdependence is so so powerful so we've we've probably when we think about xenophilia and the attraction to cultural differences. We probably get warm and fuzzy think how wonderful it would be that cultures to work better together. We'll surely there are some other reasons. Now why we should accelerate this plan. There are some functional reasons why why countries should work better together. There are some reasons why countries will be more effective in solving the economic crisis if they work together with better trade relationships with better ways of managing economies surely we can accelerate plans to get the economy back on track surely with scientists across countries sharing dot or any information. We can solve this health crisis much foster so again moving out of the woman fuzzy. Some functional reasons why we should work hotter and affiliate. We should work harder at having different cultures and countries working together for mutual benefit. And I think it's really important but we.

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