Nineteenth Century, Fifty, Fifteen discussed on Rick Steves Austria Audio Tour?s?
Circling the exterior first off the little buildings lining the church. Exterior are sacristy. He's that is utility buildings for the running of the church next. Notice the entrance to the south tower. If you're up for paying admission and climbing those three hundred and forty-three stairs to the top you can do it now. But it's better to wait until the end of this tour near the tower entrance. Look along the church wall. The carved reliefs memorials and tombstones are a reminder that the area around the church was a graveyard until seventeen eighty. Now look up high above the colorful rooftiles here are showed that double headed habsburg eagle he looks both east and west overseeing the vast habsburg empire the initials f one or for emperor franz the first and the date eighteen thirty one is when the roof was installed hook left around the back of the church bear in mind that mozart once a block from here more on him when we go inside the church look for the bookshop past the end of the church. Notice the sign it says. Don't book handloom like with so many german compound words. It's easy to figure out. What shop this is. I already did. I looked through the window. Dome means cathedral book means book. Honda is an activity. Dome boo handloom cathedral bookstore. Well donka shane for that information. Hair besser visser besser visser. Let's see besser is better visser knowing. Oh mr know it all well. Yeah thanks lisa. In fact you are correct. E nine best servicer pause in front the bookshop. The dome book hundred From here you have a fine wide view of the unfinished north tower and the apps of the church from this vantage point. Notice the exo skeletal fundamentals of gothic architecture. The buttresses lining the walls shore up a very heavy roof. This allowed for large windows that could be filled with stained glass to bathe the interior in colorful light a veritable battalion of storm. Drain stand ready to vomit water and rain. Storms the colorful roof tiles. Show not the two headed single eagle of habsburg times as on the other side but two distinct eagles from nineteen fifty. They represent the state of austria on the left and the city of vienna just above street level notice the marble pulpit under the golden starburst. This is for huge public gatherings. The priest would stand here stoking public opinion against the ottomans to crowds far bigger than could fit into the church above the pulpit in a scene from around seventeen hundred a saint stands victoriously atop of vanquished turk to. Your right is the cathedral museum. It's collection of religious objects is frankly pricey and skip -able continue circling the church passing a line of horse carriages waiting to take tourists for a ride. These traditional two-horse buggies are called yakkers a twenty minute narrated clip klopp around the old center costs about fifty euros. You can split the cost with up to five others. Notice the stonemasons had. It's the blackie modern looking building huddled next to the side of the cathedral. There's always been a stonemason here. Keeping the fine stonework in good repair is a never ending task even today. It's done in the traditional way notice. How dirty the church gets this. Local limestone is quite porous absorbs modern pollution until the nineteen sixties stephens. Plots was a very busy traffic circle in winter. Acidic rainwater soaks into the surface and then freezes the stone corrodes and must be repaired. Your church entry ticket helps fund this ongoing work across the street just past the horse. Carriages is the archbishop's palace. It's where the head of this church still lives today. That's a nice commute. The north tower is two hundred twenty three feet tall. Half the size of little stevie. The tower was begun in fourteen. Fifty under emperor frederick. The third more on him later as you recall. It was left unfinished in fifteen. Eleven due to the ottoman invasions notice the tower entrance design reads out zig ziglar plummer in a cramped elevator takes you up to a mediocre view. End a big bell. The bill nicknamed the boomer or pooran is huge. Nearly ten feet across wing twenty one tonnes by comparison. Our liberty bell is four feet across and weighs only one ten. The boomer is supposedly the second biggest bell in the world that rings by swinging it stands as a physical symbol of victory over the ottomans. Sixteen eighty three. It was cast in seventeen eleven from cannons and cannonballs captured when vienna was liberated during world war. Two when the church caught fire that poor and fell to the ground and cracked it had to be melted down and recast these days locals know the poor in as the bell rings in the austrian new year and around. The corner is the cathedral's front door find a spot far enough back where you can take in the entire west facade the main entrance the main entrance this is the oldest part of the church from around the year twelve fifty. It retains part of a church that stood here earlier but was destroyed by fire before vienna was christian. There was a pagan roman temple on this spot. The roman fortress into bona stood roughly where the glassy modern building stands today. The church facade pays homage to that ancient heritage roman era statues are embedded in the facade. The two octagonal towers flanking the main doorway dubbed the heathen towers. They're built with a few recycled roman stones. The christians made sure they flipped the stones over to hide the pagan inscriptions while the rest of the churches in the gothic style. This older west facade is romanesque. that is imitating grandeur and style of ancient rome. Study the details above the doorway. Christ looks down triumphant over death flanked by angels with dramatic wings. He welcomes all ornate tree. Light pillars support a canopy of foliage and creatures all this intricate symbolism was rich and meaning to the faithful medieval worshiper. The fine carving above the door was originally painted in bright colors in the nineteenth century. The paint was scrubbed off when pure stone was more in vogue. Now move in closer to the right of the doorway finds some letters carved in the wall. It's about chest high behind the plexiglas under the first plaque. It says oh five. This dates from the nineteen forties. When austria was under nazi rule. Here's the story. When the nazis annexed austria nineteen thirty eight. They refused to call the country by its true name or strike. They insisted on the nutsy. Term host mark austrian patriots wanted to keep the true name alive so they secretly carved five as a code to their fellow countrymen. The host stands for or strike. The five stands for the fifth letter the alphabet e when an e follows the. Oh it works like new loud giving the oh it's correct pronunciation or strike. Enter the church remember. You can step inside the church for free but to seal the sites. There's a charge. go in. Let your eyes adjust. Well rick points out some sites near the entryway start by taking in the impressive.