Nigeria, French Cameroon, Federal Republic Of Nigeria discussed on BBC World Service


Has all the resources the natural resources southern Cameroons rose a wealthy country. The historian professor Verka gca fan SU was then a student in British southern Cameroons the forest hunter, you those along the coast, the major revise fishing, but the majority of the people were peasant farmers, they -til the they plummeted. Nine nineteen sixty both Nigeria and French Cameroon got independence. So in nineteen sixty one the British Cameroons caught between these two largest states. We given every friend him a plebiscite decide their fate. But the bogus economic report was made about southern club that it would be economically or nibble. It will become independent in its own. Right. And this was up at the United Nations that only two questions would feature in the planet to vote to gain independence by joining the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Or gained independence by joining the Republic of Cameroon, something Cameroon's will let by their premier John fund, and he had done a deal with the French Bank leader of Cameroon Amadou, Joe that if United the two countries would be a federation preserving the autonomy of the British territory, I'm forty campaign that unification would be of two equal states in that federation nothing would change very much in southern Cameroons. We still running our fares. I'm so many people believe that voting for unification was almost gaining that independence. But joining the Cameroon Republic had its risks to start the country was in the midst of a civil war nationalist militants who had fought against French colonial rule continued to fight the government of the newly independent state government, which after all had maintained very close ties to FRANZ all this. Was used by the pro Nigeria campaign is the reason to vote for them. And that campaign was led by the main opposition leader, Email Enderle. Delay was out with the slogans that go into French. Maroon was suicide down that people were going to lose everything. The counter will become fridge. One traditional leader the fun of by food. Didn't think much of either option the fun of buffet said going to Nigeria was actually going to drown? I'm coming to fringe Cameroon was to be roasted in fire source southern Cameroons would not be better. Either way at the time Verka cheek Afonso was the student at a teacher training college, and they still a teenager and technically underage. He was deemed educated enough to get a vote in the referendum initiate. I was for the independence of the territory. But since that that option was denied, I was feeling that would be better off in Nigeria. Definitely the majority of people would have voted to go to Nigeria where they have similarities, everything the culture, the colonial education, the political system did democratic Mitchell of the country at the time. But there was one factor which deterred people from voting to go to Nigeria. It was what we call the factor in Nigeria were the third largest ethnic group in Nigeria and dominated the politics in the east of the country and over the years, many egos, it's settled just over the border in southern British Cameroons in the fear of IBO domination became a prominent feature of the campaign, the Ebou community in Cameroon was a very dynamic growth in every aspect of the economic life. They were occupying territory here and their farms and farming. They were in the markets. They were controlling distorts. My jody. Of people said if they went to Nigeria the now will have every right in that territory. It'll be suicidal that just what scare people from voting to remain in. Julia in February nineteen sixty one voters went to the polls, no pictures show, huge queues at.

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