California, Alaska, United States discussed on Here & Now
Now, the history of Alaska all the way back to the paleolithic people more than three million years ago. Russian traders in the eighteenth century arrived on what are now Alaskan waters in pursuit of seal and animals with for what did they encounter with the indigenous people there? Russia of courses in our headlines these days almost continually. But it's interesting as a historian to note the impact that Russia had going back into the eighteenth and nineteenth century on this country. For instance, if you go to sitka today and Alaska, you'll find onion-domed churches in the Russian style. One of the other legacies of the Russian invasion occupation of Alaska, the indigenous people in Alaska. Even to this day, the majority of them are Christian, but they're neither Roman Catholic nor Protestant. They are orthodox, which is a direct legacy of this Russian invasion if you will. That lasted right up until eighteen sixty seven when Alaska was sold. To the United States of America. If there is one thing that we should know about California and foreign influence in California based on an event, what would you say is? Well, one of the things that stuck out for me was the attack in World War Two by a Japanese submarine on the Ellwood refinery on the coast of California. You had this submarine that surfaced here Elwood, California, which is near Santa Barbara and use its deck gun to start shelling the refinery. No harm was really done and nobody was killed or injured by the attack. But it did have a tremendous impact and the Rose Bowl, of course, everybody knows is played in Pasadena, California. The one exception to that happened after the Pearl Harbor attack when initially the Rosebowl was actually cancelled and the two teams which Oregon state and Duke decided that the game would be played in North Carolina and Duke. That is the one Rose Bowl in nineteen forty. Two Rosewall was actually played. In North Carolina because of the fear of a Japanese invasion or attack that might be imminent. And is there a place in California for any visitors that you would especially recommend dealing with his history? I think another place that's interesting, son squall the battlefield near San Diego. This is fought between the Americans and the what we're called the California's who were defending the Mexican control over California. At the time, it was the most significant battle because it really was the victory for the Americans that led to California becoming part of the United States your road trip. Christopher, took you to New England as well. What is it about this part of the northeast US that you found most remarkable in terms of American states? American territories being invaded. One of the things that's astonishing about New England is even in civil war history. I mean, the people think of the civil war is being fought mainly, of course, in the south and except for Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. But in fact, Vermont was actually technically invaded. I mean, the town of Saint Albans in Vermont, in eighteen sixty four. There were confederates across the border from Canada that invaded south. In other words, in the southerly direction to go into a Saint Albans, which is the extreme north of Vermont. Here we talk today about the problematic nature of international borders. I mean confederates crossing the Canadian border during the civil war. So as an even an issue back back in those days as well, tell us about the the fight over lake Champlain gentlemen, Johnny Burgoyne in seventeen seventy. Seven famously invaded New York from Canada. I mean in a way that maybe the most significant invasion for American history because of course, invasion was repulsed and Burgoyne was defeated and surrendered after the battle. Of Saratoga and the surrender of John Burgoyne was what gave credibility to the American revolution in led to France intervening on behalf of America during the American revolution, which of course led to ultimately to victory at your town into the the creation of the United States. One of the thing Christopher I wanted to mention and that is that you dedicate the book to your own ancestors are dedicated. The book to Jane wells who was an ancestor of mine who was killed during the American revolution at the cherry valley massacre in upstate New York by native Americans that have been recruited by the British to attack the American rebels, and also another ancestor. Mine whose name was kept in Cortlandt van Rensselaer, who was in the union army and died at Nashville during the American civil war strikes me that probably a lot of people listen to this, have some kind of.