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"Pandemic" Pet Adoption - Always Great No Matter When It Happens
"I was in a new apartment in a new city after just having broken up with a partner of ten years. I didn't leave my home. I had very little outside contact with anybody. Virtual or otherwise. I was all alone for the first time a very long time. I became even more introvert than i'd ever been before. Feeling sadness sorrow and kind of use on a daily basis. Let me just say that. I am inherently a cat person. But i was compelled to do everything the opposite way of. How about my life up until that point. The all quote. Nothing is working this way. So i'll do it the opposite and see what happens. It can't get much worse in quote. That was my line and my way of thinking at that time. We'll in october of two thousand eighteen. My precious cat when he had just passed away. It was very sad. And so i thought briefly about waiting on getting another pet altogether. Maybe i'll just wait. It was just so painful to imagine going through the worry and commitment. And plus i had just start to travel a little bit more but somehow i didn't dismiss it as the weeks went by. I saw an ad on pet finder dot com for a dog named frank and the ad it stayed that frank was quote body sensitive in quote in other words he was a biter. But guess what that did not deter me. As i read the ad i learnt that he had been in a few bad homes been rejected and returned to the shelter. But the ad also said that wants the bonding phase was established. He'd be a companion for life. I was intrigued as ended up. I wouldn't be all alone for the rest of my life. Like i thought i would. Happy ending for franken me for sure. But here's another pet story. That's just as cool on. Us news and world report. I found this doctor. Liz dare a family medicine. Physician in western massachusetts had wanted to adopt a dog but she hadn't quite found the right time to do it with work travel and other commitments. They're just never seemed to be a great time to adopt a pet and her two cats kept her company. Well enough with fewer knees dog. And isn't that the truth. But in mid-march the world changed when the coronavirus pandemic was declared overnight workplaces closed and like many other people. Liz began working from home. A lot offering visits with patients. Virtually from their homes. Having a dog would help stave off some of the isolation that accompanied the radical change and it is radical in lifestyle so many of us have had to cope with since the coronavirus pandemic began. She says i'm single. And i live by myself so it felt like a really right time for me. Well according to its july seventeenth twenty twenty covid nineteen impact report. The number of dogs and cat adoptions. Were actually down. Twenty seven percent when compared to the same time period a year ago. but foster's were up nine percent. Many states have seen a significant decline in the number of animals. Entering the shelters as volunteers observed stay at home orders but the increase and fosters suggests that more people are willing to take on sick or older pets that might otherwise not have found a safe home to call their own for any period of time because this is an ever changing situation and each shelter faces unique challenges adoption and fostering statistics will vary at any given time. It's so obvious. But there's no doubt that the response from community residents across the nation to support their local shelters by fostering vulnerable animals has been enormous and unprecedented. And isn't that the coolest thing well for liz. The rush to adopt meant. She had to be patient to find her pandemic pet orla name eventually. She connected with a shelter and connecticut right here where i am that brings dogs up from the southern united states. So that's how. She found sophie a two year. Old thirty pound terrier boxer mix. She's chestnut brown with white around her face and white paws and she's got spots running down her chest. She sounds adorable and she is and sweet and she's a very low key dog. I needed to find a dog. She says that was going to get along well with my two cats and as it turns out. Sophia's very good around the cats. Who are still a little freaked out by her. Well let me just tell. This story has a great ending to. She brought sophie home of month ago. They're still adjusting to the new routine. She's totally fallen in love with this dog. So after those two stories. My story about frank and liz's story about sophie. Do you even need to hear the bullet point benefits for adopting a pet. No well here. They are anyway well. They offer companionship. We know that this is important. If like myself you live alone before. I adopted frank who is a dachshund maltese mixed breed. I had no one to look forward to seeing no one to share my love with and no one that needed me and there is something to be said about the human to dog touch. That feels so good. Well provides a purpose to the sense of purpose. Everybody needs pet. Ownership is an important responsibility and one that can be a powerful antidote to depression and anxiety. There are more opportunities for exercise to well this time to walk. Frank during the lockdown played an important role in my wellbeing and his two dogs need to be walked and katz needs to be played with and there is no doubt that these activities with your pet is crucial to your physical wellbeing. as well. as there's getting dose of fresh air is important for both of you. Also it provides a reason to go outside smelled air and be alone with your thoughts. That's right. I said alone because when you're outside there's so much to see and you're using all your senses of very good thing and there's good medical news two that's right. Having a pet can reduce blood pressure the center for disease control and prevention the cdc reports that pet ownership can be a key to reducing stress cholesterol and triglycerides levels. All things that we need to do to be healthy and you know what there doesn't even have to be at pandemic for you to adopt a pet but you can't anyway. It's a good excuse if you need one. If you need a laugh live alone. Want to potentially meet other like-minded pet owners be more peaceful and happier and calmer. This is something to really consider. I know you know this. It's not only you but that furry pet that just may need you as much as you need them. Still a cat person. But i adore my frankie.
The Story of Auld Lang Syne
"Well when this time of year rolls around you probably will hear one song and one song in particular seemingly over and over again. Quick note here. I was listening to my christmas traditional songs. And i kept hearing it. But what song am i talking about. Well i just told you old. Elaine sign it does have a rather big nostalgia meaning to it and along with it here in the united states. A bit of sadness and usually marks an emotional scene or we action. The song. old lang sign was originally written in scottish. When taken apart and put back together again. An- actually means old long sense and is translated yet again to mean all times sake or for the sake of old times this song that is mostly sung and means the emotional conclusion to another year. And don't we need that. It also means that one must remember people from their past and raise a toast to them. Originally it was written many many years ago as a scottish celebration song. Old lang zayn is actually a scottish language. Written by robert burns in seventeen eighty eight and set to the tune of a traditional folk song. But did you know that. In the netherlands. It is a soccer anthem and in japan. It is a song about firefly's and and south korea. It was the national anthem until nineteen forty eight. It is known as being easily adaptable and mostly all musical styles. That is why it is so cool but at its core it is well known and many countries especially in the english speaking world. It's traditional use. Being to bid farewell to the old year at the stroke of midnight on new year's eve it is also sung at funerals graduations and as a farewell or ending to other asians the international scouting movement in many countries uses it to close jamborees and other functions and a little note here when i was watching the crown on netflix day. Sung it when they said goodbye to the prime minister. Certainly most of us know the song old lang zayn but to quote from the first stanza of the english version of the james watson ballad. Here it goes should be aware since be forgot and never thought upon the flames of love extinguished and fully past and gone is thy sweetheart now grown so cold that loving breast of nine the thou cast never once reflect on old lang zayn in scotland. It is common practice that everyone joins hands with the person next to them. To form a great circle around the dance floor at the beginning of the last verse. Everyone crosses their arms across their breast so that the right hand reaches out to the neighbor on the left side and vice versa win the tune ends everyone rushes to the middle while still holding hands when the circle is re established everyone turns under the arms to end up facing outward with hands still joined in countries other than scotland. The hands are often crossed from the beginning of the song at variance with scottish custom. And did you know. The scottish practice was demonstrated by queen elizabeth second at the millennium dome celebrations for the year. Two thousand some press outlets berated her for not properly crossing her arms. She was unaware that she was incorrectly. Following the scottish tradition and because of its easy tune and melody it was also used as a song to signify for the war to end having the title. I wish the war was over and it was a popular anti-slavery song entitled fling out. The anti slavery flag both were using old anxiety as the basis for those songs. If you listen closely you can hear the song all lang sign and many movies too. Well did you know that these movies are we willie winkle a nineteen thirty seven. Shirley temple movie when her character sings to console a dying soldier. Mr smith goes to washington the nineteen thirty nine movie. Ocean's eleven the original of nineteen sixty as background music and the poseidon adventure one of my favorites that was made in nineteen seventy two ghostbusters and nineteen eighty nine. When harry met sally in nineteen eighty nine as well forrest gump in nineteen ninety four and elf and two thousand and three and most notably the very last song that is in the movie. It's a wonderful life with jimmy stewart. It is after all probably the best feel good ending in a classic movie ever with plenty of emotion for the main character at the last scene of the movie which brings george bailey the main character to tears as he acknowledges how great life really is and it is always at the stroke of midnight composer guy lombardi would play it on the radio and continued the tradition for fifty years afterwards. Dick clark took it up to play at the stroke of midnight on. Dick clark's new year's rocking eve. Every year and new york city as the big ball dropped at the stroke of midnight but after dick clark retired from the show ryan. Seacrest did the same at the stroke of midnight every year. They all had something in common with playing the song. It was an remembrance of those that came before and at the same time to mark the new year. All the fans and celebrators would sing along to the classic song so this year twenty twenty when the clock strikes. Twelve a m sing along to this classic song. Even if you don't know all the words we are indeed saying goodbye to twenty twenty
10 Trivia Questions From a Ladder Round
"Are gonna jump into ten questions on a ladder around right now. Here we go. It's latte around trivia and it's your first question number one who played the title role in malcolm in the middle who played the title role on the tv. Show malcolm in the middle number one question number. Two which banned had a mid eighties hit with the song. Relax number two which ban had a mid eighties hit with the song. Relax remember if you got the first one correct. One of those words will carry over into number two and so on and so forth number to question number. Three which wrestler was the leader of the new world order number three which wrestler was the leader of the new world order number three and number four which australian i con played mick crocodile dundee number four which australian played mick crocodile dundee question number five which late actors starred in the films takers. Eight below and into the blue which late starred in the films takers. Eight below in into the blue followed by question number. Six supernatural star. Jared paddle lucky is. Set to star in a reboot of what nine hundred ninety s action drama. Tv show number. Six supernatural star. Jared pedal lucky is set to star in a reboot of what one thousand nine hundred action drama tv show and number seven. What horror film franchise has entries subtitled the next generation and the beginning number seven. What horror film franchise has entries subtitled the next generation and the beginning number seven question number eight a nine hundred ninety two wasp w a s p song or the alter ego of hardcore wrestling legend terry funk number eight one thousand nine hundred eighty two wasp song or the alter ego of hardcore wrestling legend terry funk number eight and number nine what was the name of the row all dahl children's book which spawned two respective versions number nine. What was the name of the wral dow children's book which spun two films with gene wilder and johnny depp playing the lead role in their respective versions number nine followed by our last question number. Ten tae zahn day went viral in the mid. Two thousand after the music video for which of his songs was released online. Pretend taes andre went viral and mid two thousands after the music video for which of his songs was released online. Those are all your questions in the ladder round. Every answer helped you the next answer. Hopefully you're able to figure them all out and we'll be right back to see if he did in just a sound effect. We are back with the answers to the latte around today. Let's see how you did if you're able to climb the entire ladder number one who played the title role in malcolm in the middle. That was frankie. Muniz frankie muniz. He is a racer and he is an actor. Frankie muniz number two which banned had a mid eighties hit with the song relaxed. That was frankie. Goes to hollywood. So frankie was the word that carried over there never three. Which wrestler was the leader of the new world order. That was hollywood. Hulk hogan hollywood hulk hogan and number four which australian icon played. Mick crocodile dundee. That of course was paul hogan paul hogan number five which laid actor starred in the films takers eight below and into the blue paul walker r.i.p paul walker number. Six supernatural star. Jared petty is set to start in a reboot of what one thousand nine hundred action drama tv show. That's walker texas ranger walker texas ranger and number seven. What horror film franchise has entry subtitled the next generation and the beginning. That is texas chainsaw massacre and number eight of nineteen ninety-two wasp song or the alter ego of hardcore wrestling legend terry funk that was chainsaw charlie chainsaw charlie number nine. What was the name of the rile children's book which spawned two films with gene wilder. Johnny depp playing the lead role in their respective versions. That was charlie and the chocolate factory. Charlie and the chocolate factory and a pretend as on day went viral in the mid to thousands. After the music video for which of his songs was released online. That was chocolate rain making it chocolate rain. And there you have it. The ladder from luke mckay. Thank you for sending those questions
10 Trivia Questions on The Room
"We're going to jump in to ten questions. These were written by my friend j. rey from arizona. And they're all about the room here. We go all right. The room ten trivia questions. Let's see what you know about this bad bad movie number one. In what city does the room take place. What is the city setting for the room questionable. To what is the pattern on the gift bag. That johnny hans lisa at the start of the film. What is the pattern on the gift bag. That johnny hands lisa at the start of the film number two question. Three where is janis day job. Where does johnny work in this movie number. Three and question number four. What is lisa's mom's name. What is the name of the character that plays lisa's mom number four question. Five character named. Chris tries to kill which other character on the roof number. Five character named tries to kill which other character on the roof number. Five question six. What do the male characters in the film toss back and forth in several scenes number six the male characters in the film toss back and forth in several scenes question number seven which character trips and falls and then is never seen again in the film number seven which character trips and falls and is never seen again in the film and number eight. Lisa throws johnny a party towards the end of the movie for what occasion. What is the party for. Number eight number nine is a fifty fifty question. Is lisa actually pregnant at the end of the movie number nine and number ten whereas janis suicide gun capped at the end of the film whereas janis suicide gun kept at the end of the film. Those are all your trivia questions for today's ten question quiz on the room. We'll be right back in just a second to see if you got them all right. Oh hi mark. We are back with the answers to the room trivia. Tommy lasalle. I actually got to meet him at. La comecon say three or four years ago. And i think it was fifteen bucks. And i got a track jacket. That said least you're tearing me apart on the back of it and it was black and it was zipped up and i got a autographed something from him. Maybe just a picture from the movie and we got to take a picture with tommy himself. So there's a great picture of me and my daughter annabel just crying. Her eyes out next to a strange man somewhere on instagram or facebook. Or something if you want to go find it but yeah it was a pretty good deal fifteen bucks for a track jacket a signed picture and a picture with the man pretty good deal. Hopefully these answers were deal for you. We're going to jump into them right now. number one. in what city does the room take place. That is good. Old san francisco california san francisco although they don't really show much of the city at all. It's really kind of vague number two. What is the pattern on the gift bag. Johnny hans lisa at the start of the film that is leopard print leopard print bag number three whereas janis day job. He works at a bank again. That is not super clear. None of these answers or these tidbits are that clear at all. He works at a bank number four. What is lisa's. mom's. Name claudette claudette. She dropped some very strange news about having cancer in the movie. Just very nonchalantly goes up. And i have cancer like as nothing to do with anything. It's very bizarre number five. A character named chris tried to kill which other character on the roof that is denny denny has gotten himself in some sort of drug deal gone wrong or some kind of money scheme and is about to be killed but does not get killed that denny. Chris are on the roof number six. What do the male characters in. The film tossed back and forth in several scenes. If you've been to a live screening of the room much like rocky horror picture show people dress up as characters and they throw around. Football's that's right. Lot of tossing the pigskin. This movie number six number seven which character trips and falls and then never seen again in the film. That is peter peter. He's in the wedding. He falls playing football. I think and then by by peter number eight. Lisa throws johnny party towards the end of the movie for what occasion. It's his birthday number eight. His birthday number. Nine is lisa actually pregnant at the end of the movie. No she's making it up. She's not pregnant and number ten whereas johnny suicide gun capped at the end of the film. It's under a dresser under a dresser. Three keep it. That's where he keeps it. And those are all of your questions on the room if you are baffled and you listen to this and you've never seen the movie thanks for making it all the way through you owe it to yourself to now go watch it maybe twice
What is the Ice Hotel?
"The ice hotel is a hotel. An art exhibition made of ice from the river. Torne each year reincarnated end. The brand new design a place to discover silence northern lights glistening snow clad forests reindeer cloud berries kettle coffee and so much more every year when the torne river turns to ice. A new ice hotel is created in a very small village of yuccas yari. In the north of sweden the ice of the river transforms to design and architecture and ephemeral art project and the world's first and largest hotel belt of snow and ice every year. Since i was a little girl. I have wanted to visit the ice hotel in sweden. It was a long shot. But i figured it was a dream and nothing would come of it. I imagined myself at the magical place made of ice and snow and how would be unusual and a once in a lifetime experience for me after all. I have had my time and stockholm sweden. But that's as far as my travels in. Sweden took me northern. Sweden would have to be for another time. I had rubbed shoulders with adults from my swedish language. Learning camp in bemidji minnesota which. I went to every october to better my conversational and writing skills and the swedish language and found the stories fascinating. I asked them to tell me their tales again and again. The older women some of them actually swedes from sweden took liberties with their stories and change them up a bit just for the fun of it every time it was a new adventure one of the stories that might have been up. Made me giddy with excitement and marymount. It was based around christmas time and it seemed so cozy in real. Surely it must be true. I didn't ask though. I imagined myself as being sabine. She'd that was telling the story and having the is hotel experience. Imagine with me arriving from stockholm to the ice hotel and yucca. Crv right on the torn revolver. The torne river is where they get all the ice for the ice hotel. The many designers engineers architects artists and workers start building the hotel from scratch every year. A labor of love. No doubt this year they were having a very special christmas. Celebration and architects engineers and designers were making special holiday installations special trees and wreaths the lap of an ice santa claus to sit on to tell your christmas wish to glistening chandeliers adorned with red and green colors projected onto the mini lighted fixtures some spaces clean and monochromatic swedish as expected and some fanciful like a childhood memory of a colorful christmas season. Passed my five cents is were working overtime. I smelled holly and evergreen saw the different colors of projected lights felt the unbearable coldness hurt the piano. Playing jazz seasonal selections center to my right or was it to my left and i was greeted at the front reception with champagne and cloud berries something. I don't even think we have an america. The woman behind the ice desk gave me a reindeer skin blanket to put over my shoulders and walked me to an outdoor firepit only steps away on the outside of the building a roaring fire and wonderful ice chairs covered in some more reindeer blankets. My mind was blown away with excitement. What else would i experience. I had just started my four night adventure in this cold winter. Christmas wonderland soon enough. I was handed a mug of coffee with rum. And i knew this was where i wanted to call home forever. More adventurers came to sit by the firepit with the same wide. Eyed wonder and spirited excitement. I smiled but kept my eyes glued to the fire but all the visitors new that the ice and snow wouldn't last long as the ice hotel closed down in april before my trip was over i will have gone across the wilderness in snowshoes. Go on sleigh rides with reindeer. See the northern lights had met the saami people of lapland. I will have eaten swedish. Christmas cuisine and watched the saint lucia event. But for now time stood still as i glazed is over the fire and dreamed later i would be shown to the room. I selected my very own ice room with an actual ice table complete with a mini refrigerator and colored ice sculptures of christmas past and reindeer blankets covering my ice bed and an actual fireplace. I can watch while laying in bed. The time seemed like an endless christmas trip. But also that. If i didn't hurry i'd miss the whole thing in a blink of an eye. I grew sleepy and dreamed of a wonderful time. The one thing i knew was that this wouldn't be my last time here at the ice hotel for christmas yes there would be more visits and perhaps a chance to be a worker in making it all come together for the holiday season later that first night i was given cheese and blog a red wine with rum learning all new things about the swedish way of life hand was going to be a you fork experience for shore
10 Trivia Questions on Smash Bros
"We've got ten questions for you. They're all multiple choice and they were all written by j. So thank you. Jay all on smash brothers here. We go smash brothers trivia question number one which playable smash brothers character is economically. The tallest is that king. Dvd bowser ridley or gannan. Dorf which smash brothers character is the tallest that king. Dvd bowser ridley or gannan. Dorf number one number two. Which of the following playable smash brothers. Characters is from the oldest franchise. Is it pacman. Mario donkey kong or mr game and watch which of the following playable smash brothers characters from the oldest franchise pacman mario donkey kong or mr game and watch question number three in home run contest players attempt to achieve hitting. What a red shell agreed. Shell a baseball or a sandbag. What are they trying to hit in homerun contest question number four and super smash brothers ultimate old. Yoshi color was removed in favor of the new crafted. Yoshi what color was it. Pink purple black or orange pink purple blacker orange number four question number five which smashed character is not owned or made by japanese company. Is it dr Sorry dark sam. Banjo and kazoo. Diddy kong or king k. rule which character is not owned or made by japanese company. Dark sam banjo and kazoo did he. Or king k. Rule question number six which character has had a different voice and character. Art each smash brothers game is it. Mario pichu fox mccloud or donkey kong and question number seven which character has a form. That doesn't have a shadow is at little mac. Pika chew mario or joker number seven. Which character has a form that doesn't have shadow little. Mac beka chew mario or joker three questions ago on super smash trivia number eight which of the following weapons not available to snake from metal gear solid and smash c. Four a rocket launcher guided missile. Or a tranquilliser gun which one is not available to snake in metal. Your salad c. Four rocket launcher guided missile. Or trey gun and number nine. Who is the only character in smash has never needed to be unlocked. Mario pichu kirby or fox plus your final question. Ten which of the following smash stages has not returned from previous into alternate is pokemon stadium. Great bay pokey floats or peaches castle again. Those are pokemon stadium. Great bay pokey floats or peaches castle. Those are all your questions. Multiple choice ones for smash brothers by j. Rao's we'll be right back in just a second to see if you got them all correct. We are back with the answers to smash brothers trivia. Let's see how did with these multiple choice questions from j. rey as number one which playable smash brothers characters canonical the tallest. That was ridley. Ridley as your answer for number one number. Two which of the following table smash brothers characters from the oldest franchise. That is mr game. And watch mr game and watch older than pacman mario and donkey kong number three and homerun contest players attempt to achieve a high score by hitting a what that is a sandbag sandbag and number. Four in super smash brothers ultimate one. Old yoshi color was removed in favor of the new crafted. Yoshi what color was it. The black yoshi black and number five which smash character is not owned or made by japanese company. Is that dark sam banjo and kazoo. Eat diddy kong or king k. Rule that was banjo and kazoo. E number five not a japanese company number six which character had a different voice and character art in each smash game that is fox mccloud fox mccloud number seven which character has a form. That doesn't have a shadow. That has little mac from punchout. Little mac and number eight which of the following weapons is not available to snake in metal gear. Solid and smash is a tranquilizer gun at shrank gun. Not one of the ones you can use to attack your opponents in smash as snake number nine. Who is the only character in smash who has never needed to be unlocked. That is kirby from that list of mario pika chew kirby and fox kirby not no need to be unlocked and number ten which of the following smash stages has not returned from previous games into ultimate. It was pokey floats pokey floats. Which is the stage that has not returned from previous games into it. No pokey floats. Those are your questions hopefully floated on through just like a gigli puff and didn't fall asleep listening to this episode of you. Don't like smash brothers
10 Trivia Questions on 2010s Musicals
"We're going to jump into ten questions on musicals from the two thousand ten's right about now here. We go all right. It's two thousand ten's musical trivia and on this round we are going to give you two songs and the characters who sing those songs in your do. Tell me what musical it is from the last ten years. Here's question number. One world's greatest dad by buddy and never fall in love by jovi. What is that musical with those characters and songs number one world's greatest dad by buddy and never fall in love by jovi an musical number two one perfect moment by campbell and we ain't no cheerleaders by danielle nautica and last sienna number two one perfect moment by campbell and we ain't no cheerleaders by danielle nautica and la sienna number three. That's rich by medha and king of new york by race catherine davie and less number three. That's rich by medha and king of new york by race catherine davie and less number four on your list. We have a song call impossible slash possible by marie and ella. And there's music in you by marie number four impossible by impossible slash. It's it's possible by marie and ella. And there's music and you by marie number five anywhere but here by a character named j m berry and we're all made of stars by the un davis boys number five anywhere but here by j m berry and we're all made of stars by the davis boys and number six. What's inside by jenna. And any and i love you like a table by ogi don and company number six. What's inside by jenna in company and i love you like a table by ogi dawn and company number seven. Belmont avenue by the wop guys. Kala gero at ensemble in these streets spy. Lorenzo sunny rozina an ensemble number seven belmont avenue by the duo guys Kagoro and ensemble and the streets by lorenzo sunny recina and on samba l- three more musical sets of songs and characters to go by. Let's see what you know about number eight. Why don't we get drunk by jd. And ensemble and cheeseburger in paradise by brick. Tammy and ensemble number eight. Why don't we get drunk by jd. And ensemble and cheeseburger in paradise by brick. Tammy and ensemble and number nine. What i know. Now by miss argentina and ensemble and day o the banana boat song by delia. Charles maxi and maxine and number ten cooking montage slash easy peasy by daniel and ensemble and she deserves a real man. By stewart and male ensemble number. Ten cooking montage slash. Easy peasy by danielle daniel and ensemble and she deserves a real man by stewart. Male ensemble all your songs and characters from two thousand ten's musicals for general jenner. We'll be right back in. Just a second with the answers to those musicals. We are back with the answers to two thousand ten musicals. Let's see how well you know the musical of the last decade or so number one world's greatest dad by buddy never fall in love by jovi was elf elf based on the two thousand and three movie. There's a great documentary about how that got made on netflix. It's called the holiday movies that made us go watch. That one is pretty number. Two one perfect moment by campbell and we ain't no cheerleaders bhai danielle nautica in last sienna is bring it on the musical. The cheerleading movie comedy made musical number three. That's rich by medha and king of new york by race catherine davie and last that's newsies newsies about a bunch of newspaper selling boys and number four impossible slash. It's possible marine ella. And there's music in you. By marie that is cinderella the musical which at one time starred my friend gi palmer. I think one of the backup. Replacement cast members of the lead role of cinderella in that movie palmer number four number five in that movie in that musical is what i'm at number five anywhere but here j. berry were all made of stars. The un davis boys. That's finding neverland number five finding neverland and number six. what's inside jenin and company. I love you like a table. Ogi dawn and company. That's waitress a pie. Selling and serving movie made musical waitress number seven belmont avenue and the op guys calogero and ensemble in these streets by lorenzo. Sunny rozina and bill is a bronx tale. A great movie with robert deniro. That was made into a musical about ten years ago and number eight. Why don't we get a drink. The jd and ensemble song and cheeseburger in paradise by brick brick. Tammy and ensemble. That's escape to margarita. Ville jimmy buffett number eight number nine. What i know now. Miss argentina and ensemble day. O the banana boat song. Delia charles maxi maxine and ensemble. If you know the movie you could against this one. It's beetlejuice the musical number nine and number ten last but not least cooking montage an easy peasy with daniel and ensemble and she deserves a real man with stuart and male ensemble. That's mrs doubtfire. Mrs doubtfire and now you know ten questions answers for gen jar about two thousand ten's musicals. Hope he had fun trying to figure those out. We have one more thing for you. Call the fact that the day the fact of the day is the last letter added to the english alphabet wasn't z. It was actually the letter j our tenth letter of the alphabet. Jay was the last one to be added just like hawaii was the fiftieth state. Our last state in the us there. You have it
Winter Solstice 2020: A Very Special Day For Celebration
"Season of the year The northern hemisphere where it is the darkest day sometimes called the shortest day of the year and the southern hemisphere. It is the summer solstice. And it is the brightest day or if you'd prefer the longest day of the year simply put the winter. Solstice is when the sun is at its lowest height in the sky which makes it the darcus day of the year. You know that the winter solstice has a particular moment that it is actually the winter solstice it is december twenty first and where i am and the northeast united states. It actually occurred at five zero two a. m. this morning from microsoft news. There's this according to the farmer's almanac the word solstice stems from the latin word soul meaning son and sustain here which means to standstill from the bustle dot com website. I find that it's an extremely spiritual day full of sacred rituals in fact to some all of that extra darkness isn't a bad thing at all. I love it actually adds to the spiritual significance of the day. The winter solstice has so many spiritual meanings that make it so much more than just the shortest day of the year. And isn't that the truth. The winter solstice is believed to hold a powerful energy for regeneration renewal and self reflection. That is perfect for the past year that we've had in pagan times. The winter solstice was referred to as you'll and was a celebration of the goddess moon energy. It was believed that on this day the moon would give birth to the son. It symbolizes the birth of the sun. A representative of the birth of jesus. It is symbolic of the birth of the spiritual son within that. We are not separate from the creator. This is a time for quiet energy where you get the opportunity to look within yourself and focus on what you want and need. It's time to set goals and intentions for the coming year to examine and let go of our past and to make changes within ourselves. The solstice is essentially tied to a personal awakening. And did you know that. The winter solstice is also called a blue christmas or the longest night on this day. Some churches and western christian denominations hold a church service that honors people have lost loved ones and are experiencing grief whether as a lot of people doing that this year. The worship often includes opportunities for expression of grief and pain as well as an opportunity to focus on the promise of hope. And we all need that. This year there is a special interest for this day as it is also the traditional feast day for saint thomas the apostle this linkage invites making some connections between saint thomas's struggle to believe in jesus as resurrection as well as the long nights just before christmas. There are growing resources and popularity around this tradition due to their relevance for many who struggle to find joy and hope. During the festive seasons scandinavians treated the winter solstice. As a reason to celebrate the feast of you'll as noted by the farmer's almanac a yul log would be burned in recognition of the heart light and life giving properties of the returning son and to pay tribute to the scandinavian god of thor. The domestic tradition of burning a yule log is thought to derive from this ancient feast. It is an ancient rome. Festival took place and the days leading up to the winter. Solstice and observance of saturn the god of harvest and agriculture. What makes the two thousand twenty winter solstice extra special. This year is that the so called christmas star will be visible. What's that it's actually. A rare planetary in which saturn and jupiter are expected to line up and come so close to earth that they'll look like an especially bright star. Stargazers should catch the site while they can. Since this close of alignment between those two planets saturn and jupiter apparently has an occurred and nearly eight hundred years and look for the google logo and your search engine today for a short explanation. Google is using its logo monday to not only celebrate the first day of winter but as a rare celestial event the monday doodle honors the winter solstice and it also celebrates the aligning of saturn and jupiter based on their orbits from our vantage point on earth jupiter and saturn who across within point one degrees of each other a fraction of the width of the full moon. Yes it's true. I love the winter solstice. It's a great time to just hunker down and think about how twenty twenty one can be. Oh so much better. Hey listen if you've enjoyed this episode of talk tales and trivia. I love that can email me at talk. Tales and
Which Matters More, a First or Last Impression?
"Emails from a listener named sam cohn who happens to be a nursing student and he wants to know this our first impressions or last impressions more impactful question or you're thinking about the colonoscopy study i mean honestly there's only one cold i'll give you study will. There are many colonoscopy studies in the medical literature but only one in the psychology literature that i'm aware of exactly that social scientists would know about and that's the famous economy and colleagues study about peak and end the peak and theory. So can you tell us. About the pecan therion. How colonoscopy works to illustrate that so danny katamon and his colleagues did a study where everybody in. The study is getting a colonoscopy. You are randomly assigned. These are people who are already going to be getting on us. Yes i think. It was a collaboration with physicians. If only there were experiments that we could sign up for four which we get a colonoscopy decide. The i would prefer the chemotherapy pleased survey. I'm going to prefer the high fat diet one. This study randomly signs patients who are already signed up for a colonoscopy to either get colonoscopy as usual which i am told and as they say in the article is a pretty unpleasant experience because of the mechanics of the whole thing and the experimental condition is where the exploratory equipment of they have to put into. You is held there for a little longer than would necessarily be the case and your instinct might say oh. That's the bad version of the experiment right because you get more pain but what was so clever about this experiment is that yet. It's more pain. But because you're just having the tip of the scope to sitting there in the rectum. It's more moderate level of pain than what it's moving around during the colonoscopy itself. I think they would probably just call it a mild discomfort compared to a greater discomfort. I mean i can't imagine what it's like to have. The tip of a colonoscopy will come back in a week or two and give us the details so the reason why is interesting. Is that patients who underwent the extended procedure with the additional. Moderate level of pain actually raided the overall experience as less unpleasant and the reason why this was so important is that congressman was at the time developing a theory. Where there is the remembering self and the experiencing self and he says the experiencing self is just experiencing moment by moment. How happy my house. Adami anxious in my hungry am i but the remembering self is consolidating all of that and collapsing it into a memory and he had the theory that when the remembering self processes information and collapses a whole string of moments into one impression. Two things are going to take additional weight. One is the peak of the experience of the high in the low points and the other is the end points and so this famous study affirmed the hypothesis that the end of an experience takes disproportionate weight when we evaluate the overall experience. Now knowing the colonoscopy study what will i ask for if i had the chance to ask my doctor you say gimme the katamon colonoscopy please exactly the katamon special so it's interesting. Is that even though. This finding is a sturdy finding. I don't want the extra pain although since you're inexperienced in colonoscopy so we'll have to see if maybe you'll change your mind after you have but let's say that we want to take it out of the realm of the colonoscopy which i probably should and let's say we want to steer this back toward what sam is asking about the first impression or the last impression imagine a family vacation but say you are apparent with kids and a spouse or whatnot and you go on a family holiday. What would you rather have of the to a great beginning or a great ending y. So oh gosh. I think i would like to have a great ending because i do think the peak end effect does hold true so my ambivalence at my colonoscopy if the vacation we're say four days i would rather have a terrible first day and a wonderful fourth day than the opposite that makes sense because as you were describing the lasting thing is the memory so of course you want that to the positive one. Yeah the whole memory is going to be colored by the last moments more than like the mid point or something. I have to say. Ever since i read that paper years ago and interviewed donald reddell meyer one of the co about it. I have tried to apply the peak in theory all the time in my life in interviews with my family and random encounters with strangers. The minute something good happens. I just stop so you just leave when i learned about this. It made me think first of all of so many rituals that are part of our lives that seem to capitalize on the peak in theory. So dessert why desert last. Why don't we eat it. i. I don't know how much yoga you're doing these days so much. Okay so shiva's nina. Do you know this corpse pose at the end. Of course it feels so good to be sitting there and completely relaxing. And there's a reason. I think that every yoga practice ends with shibata so the next time you think. Do i wanna do yoga. Your memory is least colored by that. But that's challenge this notion so i think you've done a pretty good job persuading everybody. The last impressions are really powerful. But let's talk about first impressions. I mean there's this whole mountain of cliches about that right. You never get a second chance to make a first impression and so on and let's go back to that vacation if you show up with your family to this place where your vacation for four days in your first impression is terrible. Doesn't that set a tone that will be impossible to recover from and from which no final impression is possible to save the experience yet to argue that last impressions take on disproportionate. Way does not say that first impressions. Don't matter disproportionately also for different reasons. First impressions can carry more weight than the mid point or some other point in experience. So one reason is that first impression. Has this kind of path dependency so say you have a really bad day of that. Four day vacation. Everybody's now on a sour mood now. You're all fighting on day two and then because you were fighting on day two day. Three is a total catastrophe. Even those comes out you get off on the wrong foot as it were. And then everything. Kind of goes downhill from there. You know when. I first read this question from sam our first impressions or less imprisons more impactful. My initial impulse was to try to answer it. Like we're trying to do now but my my second impulse and the deeper one was to view it as i do as a writer which is to say wool. Both i think for everything i've ever written whether to book an article Podcast script whatever. I'd probably spend three to ten times more effort on the beginning and the end than on anything else because as a writer was informed years and years and years ago by my experiences a reader which is at the beginning really really matters the ending really really matters and there's also a notion expressed in various places. I don't know where i got it from. Maybe the talmud or shakespeare that the best beginnings have a little bit of the end in them. If the writing is good so i do wonder if maybe sam is pursuing an either or choice when the answer in fact should be an end answer. Both end is usually the answer to checkoff and the great multiple choice of life. The way that this question was framed. It's like when we are meeting another person or when you open a book or you start an article or you start listening to a podcast or watching a movie. It's so clear to us when we just think about those experiences. How the very beginning. It does matter because you are very quickly coming to judgments. And there is this research on thin slicing by among others nominee embody. Maybe you did freakonomics episode on this note. I read about thin slicing in one of malcolm. Glows books blink. This is the idea that you can come to very quick impressions and they're not even necessarily verbally articulated ones but just got feelings of like good or bad in milliseconds and that these very quick impressions can be predictive of later judgements. That are much more deliberative and so forth. That's an argument in favor of a strong first impression because in some cases lake with a move your book or a person if the first impression is not a good one there will be no opportunity for a final impression where the final impression will be one second after the first impression right hopefully less with people and more with like net flicks. So imagine there a job interview and your first impression of candid. It is a positive one. Well danny ottoman would remind us that then confirmation bias is gonna kick in and then for the last fifty eight minutes of the hour long interview. You're just going to be confirming your own positive impression. And so there's a path dependency in judgment and not just the path dependency in life events.
10 Trivia Questions on Big Mouth
"It is now time to dive into ten thirty questions on the hit animated sitcom big mouth. Here we go big mouth trivia. Here comes question number one. What actor is missy most obsessed with on the shell number one on big mouth. What actor is missy most obsessed with number one question number two which piano playing ghost lives in knicks attic number. Two which piano playing ghost lives in knicks attic number. Two and number three. When j is talking about the queen's nuggets is what is he referring to number three. When j is talking about the queen's nargis what is he referring to number four. Who did the voice of the main camp counselor on season. Four of big mouth number four. Who did the voice of the main camp counselor on season. Four of big mouth number four question number five on season three. There's an episode named after one state. What is it on season three. There's an episode named after one state. What is it and number six. What do nick jesse get high on in the episode drug buddies number six. What do nick and jesse get high on in the episode drug buddies number six number seven in the episode. The department of puberty jesse gets trapped by the depression blank. Fill in that blank and the episode. The department of puberty jesse gets trapped by the depression. What number seven and question number. Eight who becomes knicks hormone monster at the start of season three number eight. Who becomes knicks new hormone monster at the start of season three question for season four. What does t h stand for number nine on season four. What does t h stand for as a nickname for characters number nine and number ten. What is andrew superpower on the episode super mouth number ten. What is andrew superpower on the episode super mouth. Those are all your questions. were big mouth trivia. We're going to jump into those ten answers when we come back. After this weird noise we are back with the answers to big mouth trivial. One of my favorite shows on netflix. Number one what actors missy most obsessed with that is nathan fillion mri on this show as well as my mom. Kieran buds of joliet illinois. She loves nathan fillion. she loves castle. She really likes to show castle number. Two which piano playing ghost lives in knicks addict. That is duke ellington duke ellington number two and number three. When j is talking about the queen's nuggets he is referring to lola's toes to very gross and it's on season four j. the queen's nuggets lola's toes number four. Who did the voice. The main camp counselor and season four. That was john. Oliver john oliver late night host and comedian number five on season three. There's an episode named after one state. What is it. it's called florida. One of my favorite episodes of the entire series. A lot of crazy stuff happens. Watch that episode. Florida number six. What do nick and jesse get high on the episode drug buddies it is. We'd gumy's get into jesse's dad's we'd gummy collection. And they go nuts number seven in the episode. The department of puberty jesse gets trapped by the depression. Kitty the depression. Kitty sort of an eight cat. That keeps you depressed number. Seven number eight. Who becomes knicks new hormone monster at the start of season. Three that is connie. Connie becomes knicks new hormone monster at the start of that season number nine on season four. What does t h stand for. That is thick hogs men thick hogs men a weird nickname from seth. Rollins voiced character at camp and number ten. What is andrew's sister. Power on the episode super mouth. He has the power of invisibility invisibility. And there you have it. Your big mouth. quiz has been completed. I thought i had done on the show before and realize that i had not so there. You go big mouth trivia.
Only 80's Kids Will Fear This
"You're walking along the path in the woods. Maybe you're on a hike. Maybe you're headed to a picnic. The sun is shining and the warm breeze. Ruffles your hair suddenly. You're halted in your step. Your back foot is sinking into the ground. You try to play your other foot firmly to lever yourself out now. Both feeders sinking. It's quicksand. You'll be swallowed alive. You struggle to get free but that only makes it worse you'll be sucked under in a matter of seconds except my name's moxy and this is your brain on facts. Let me open. Today's topic that being things eighties. Kids were taught to be afraid of that. Aren't actually things we need to be afraid of i. This topic was voted on by supporters at patriot dot com slash your brain on facts and secondly that the research led me in directions. I wasn't expecting so the final product is as much a surprise to me as it will be to the listener. You do when your clothes catch fire and it always seemed like when not if the same thing you never see anyone on. Tv or youtube do when they find themselves doing surprise johnny storm. 'cause play. Stop drop enroll. Earning close burn you. Stop drop and roll because people burn to a message from the new jersey department of community affairs bureau virus thing if you try to tell me that a single year of elementary school passed in the eighties without the stop. Drop and roll lesson. I call you a liar. You were going to catch fire early. That much was clear but as someone who hates her home with wood and has been through two house fires and a lightning strike. Let me test that catching fire is not the inevitability we were led to believe but the lesson wasn't wrong as much as it was. Maybe a little late children's clothes and blankets catching on fire had been a common tragedy in households for centuries back in olden times when your heat and light and not a small amount of entertainment all came from some manner of flame. My mother's family actually lost a little one that way. Time and human advancement helped to drive down the frequency of juvenile incendiary casualties candles gateway to gaslight which was replaced with light bulbs and fireplaces were replaced with heat pumps the ignition sources were fewer and farther between but technology is nothing if not a double edged sword enter at the same time synthetic fabrics which rather than burning like cotton and wool would burn drip spread and adhere to skin. The truth of the matter is eighties. Babies were among the first kids to have a substantially lower risk of clothing fire incidents. Thanks to nineteen seventy five's formation of the consumer product safety act. Well actually a lot to nineteen fifty. Three's flammable fabrics act. But then i guess we should go back to nineteen forty-five end gene. Autry for those without a standing dinner reservation at golden corral for four thirty gene autry was a cowboy crooner who made his mark in radio tv and films for over three decades back in where a brand is a brand where the long hunt being celebrity. He had merch including branded cowboy costumes for all the little ones at halloween thousands and thousands of these were sold across the country. Then the tragedies began between late nineteen forty two and continuing until at least nineteen fifty four. An unknown number of children were badly badly burned. When the fuzzy fabric of the chaps came in contact with an ignition source and the entire garment would catch. It was three long years from the first incidents where people began to understand that something specific was wrong. Here that the material used for the chaps was the cause of these tragedies it was so flammable the entire outfit would go up in a matter of seconds before the child or parents even knew what was happening to react. This was the nineteen forties a time. Well before the constant global connectivity that we've been used to for twenty plus years so news of these incidents remained is located and the picture incomplete.
10 Trivia Questions on Movie Character Names
"And welcome to another episode of the trivia with buds podcast. I'm your host ryan buds. Thanks for checking out. My show on a rainy rainy day in southern california usually does not rain at all here. Maybe ten times a year at the very most i feel like and it is pouring rain. It's forty eight degrees. I feel like i'm in the mid west. Although i imagine the midwest is actually way colder than california right now and people would yell at me for complaining about forty eight degrees but here. I am doing that anyway. Tonight's quiz is all about movie character. Names you are going to tell me the name of the actor or actress who played the character. I believe these are all know yes. There are actors and actresses. I thought they were all actors for a second but there are few and we are going to give you the name of the character. The name of the movie and the year it came out. You tell us who played that role. We're gonna jump into these ten questions right now here. We go all right here. We go movie character. Names number one. We have dewey from two thousand three. Who played someone named dewey in a movie from two thousand three number one and number two william wallace in one thousand nine hundred ninety five who played william wallace in one thousand nine hundred ninety five number three ben braddock in one thousand nine hundred sixty seven. Who played ben braddock in nineteen sixty seven number four the bride in two thousand three who played the bride a motion picture from two thousand three number. Five fast eddie felson. Nineteen eighty-six fast eddie felson. Nineteen eighty-six number five number. Six ted logan nineteen eighty-nine ted logan nineteen eighty-nine and number seven. Mrs gump nine hundred. Nine ninety four mrs gump. Nineteen ninety-four and number eight laura lie lee nineteen fifty-three laura lie lee. Nineteen fifty three number nine professor x two thousand number nine professor x two thousand and number ten rod tidwell nineteen ninety-six rod tidwell nineteen ninety six. Those were your ten movie character names and the year. The movie came out. We'll be back in just a second with the answers to see how you did. We are back with the answers to movie character names. Let's see how you did on today's trivia podcast number. One do we from school of rock. Was jack black in two thousand and three dui school of rock jack. Black two thousand three. That was a tough one off the bat but hopefully you persevered number. Two william wallace nineteen ninety-five that was mel gibson in braveheart mel gibson. In braveheart number. Three ben braddock nineteen sixty seven. Dustin hoffman played the graduate number three the graduate great book great movie. Check it out. If you've never watched or read the graduate you will enjoy them. Both number four the bride two thousand three was of course bouma thurman in kill bill. Quentin tarantino's martial arts masterpiece part one and two kill bill duma thurman the bride three number five. Fast eddie felson. Nine hundred eighty six. Paul newman the color of money. Paul newman the color of money. I've never seen this movie. But i love. Paul newman. i like tom cruise movies. I like gambling betting and pool. I should watch this movie number. Six ted logan one thousand nine hundred nine kiana reeves. He was Ted of bill. And ted's excellent adventure number six. Ted logan nineteen thousand nine keanu reeves number. Seven mrs gump was of course forrest. Gump and nineteen ninety-four. But mrs trump was played by sally field. Sally field number eight lower liley nineteen fifty-three marilyn monroe in gentlemen prefer. Blondes gentlemen prefer blondes and number nine professor x two thousand patrick stewart in the first x. Men movie patrick stewart as professor x number ten rod tidwell nineteen ninety-six. That was cuba gooding junior in jerry. Maguire a movie. I saw with my sister in theaters and was a little embarrassed by because there are some raunchy scenes in that movie number ten rod tidwell gooding junior that is today's quiz. Hope you had fun playing along with those and trying to figure out the movie character names and actors and years and movie titles. We have one more thing for you call. The fact of the day and that fact of the day is technically illegal to use tomatoes in clam chowder massachusetts. So don't try. It don't put tomatoes in clam chowder. They will arrest you in massachusetts. Thanks for listening to the show. Thanks for telling a friend about the podcast. See next time for more trivia with me cheers
10 Trivia Questions on National Sports
"Today's episode is about national sports. Give you a country. You tell me the national sport for that country and we're gonna jump into those ten national sports and ten countries right now. Here we go all right here. We go with national sports trivia. Here's question number one japan. What is the national sport of japan number one and number two in cuba. What is the national sport of cuba number three scotland. What is the national sport of scotland. Number four were looking for canada in the summer. What is the national sport of canada in the summer and number five jamaica. What is the national sport of jamaica and number six lithuania number. Six lithuania number. Seven iceland number seven iceland number eight fiji. What is the national sport of fiji number eight number. Nine south korea number nine south korea and number ten england has four national sports cricket football. That's soccer and rugby and what fourth sport england has four national sports cricket football rugby. And what those are all your questions for national sports. We'll be right back in just a second to check your answers and see how you did. We are back with the answers to national sports. I gave you the country. You tell me the sport. What do you think it was here was number one. Japan was sumo wrestling number one. The national sport of japan is none other than sumo wrestling number two. The national sport of cuba is baseball. baseball number. Three scotland is golf. Great robin williams. Bit about how golf was invented number. Three scotland and gulf number. Four candidate in the summer is lacrosse lacrosse. Shout out to my friend. Nick caputo was a master lacrosse player and just had a bunch of shirts made with his design for lacrosse. T shirt company number. Five jamaica is cricket. Cricket is the national sport of jamaica and number six. Lithuania is basketball. Lot of lithuanian basketball players out there number. Six number. seven ice lind is handball. I would not have guessed that. I would have probably guessed hockey myself. But it is handball for iceland number. Eight fiji is rugby rugby for fiji and number nine south korea. Taekwondo taekwondo in south korea and number ten england has four national sports cricket. Football rugby and tennis. Tennis was the fourth sport their tennis. There you have ten countries ten national sports. Now you know here is your fact of the day. One more thing to learn. Today the odds of getting a royal flush are exactly one in six hundred forty nine thousand seven hundred forty there. It is the odds of getting a royal flush are exactly one in six hundred and forty nine thousand seven hundred and forty.
A Utopian Life - Is It Possible? Experiment vs. Reality
"Well let me start out. By saying that dystopia n- fiction is kind of like science fiction. It's that are happening. That really could maybe perhaps happen. Like a world war or some kind of something that is apocalyptic and so that kind of thing can happen perhaps okay but utopian fiction is the exact opposite and it is something of a perfect world that we want to be in from the merriam webster dictionary we find this definition proposing or advocating ideal social and political schemes and one who believes in the perfection of human society. Well utopias work in two ways walking away from the extreme happiness of a utopia to perhaps find something better. Whatever that is or to walk away from an apocalyptic dystopia in life for the happiness and hope of a utopian life that is better but what is the utopian life. I am careful to note that. It is known that karl marx and frederick engels have studied a utopian way of life to some extent in the form of communism but first let's begin by finding out about what a utopia really is. Well you really is. Happiness and hope perhaps built on someone else's misery or knowing happiness by seeing or imagining the opposite. Well that sounds okay right. A lot of utopian concepts include simplifying. Human life sounds okay to being more in touch with religion or nature. Yep that sounds okay. Social improvement again sounds okay a visionary dreamlike ideal of political and social systems. That sounds okay to well. Utopia is often defined as a place of ideal perfection especially in law's government and social conditions a utopia described as an imaginary remote place. That's right and perhaps it has an impossible ideal of being visionary from the website classical wisdom dot com. I find this ever since there were people and places there has been desire for other different people and ideal perfect places. And what is this website talking about. They're talking about utopia such an important word and it means so much and our society today a word that has its origins and ancient greece which has a translation meeting of no place. Everything is a place but not utopia. Utopia is an imagined place of perfection. Don't forget that it's something that we strive for. Dust being there is no place such as this while writer sir thomas more was a philosophical genius and knew that he must be open to the idea of there being a better place or at least proving that there is no utopia no good place. In other words you see the word. Utopia is greek and was developed and fifteen sixteen. So when coming up with this concept of no place sir. Thomas more was having fun and poking a little fun and playing where the definition of a good place or no place meaning. No place is really perfect. The earliest generic use of utopia was for an imaginary and indefinitely. Remote place like an island kind of the current use of utopia referring to an ideal place or society was inspired by tyler. Moore's description the dreaming of a better world is almost as old as the world itself. We all have that dream even today as humans. We always desire better. Don't we i know i do. Let's look at what some of these concepts of utopia really are well and utopia. There is nothing private anywhere. The doors and the people's houses are open to anyone who wants to enter them the utopians either meals and public and where they all eat is in common place. It is a capital offense to engage in private discussions about public affairs and the business of politics can only be done and public
10 Trivia Questions on Colorful TV Shows
"Eight fuller house number nine money heist and number ten haunting of bly manner. No tiger king on this entire thing. Which i feel like is the most talked about show the year. Oh no wait there. It is number thirteen. tiger king. Murder mayhem and madness will read the whole list number. Ten haunting apply manner number Let's see eleven is sex education. that's a great show. Twelve grace and franky thirteen tiger king. Fourteen lock and key fifteen. The ranch get outta here. There is nobody watching the ranch style. That's not even new episodes. Is it number sixteen. The witcher seventeen dark eighteen bujak horsemen nineteen space force and twenty outer banks in twenty one altered carbon. So that is interesting. That is one list and then. There's another list says queen's gambit tiger king ozark outer banks umbrella kademi unsolved mysteries cobra kai. Love is blind haunting. Apply manner and ratchet. That one sounds more specific to me. That's just it's the top ten. I don't know what these two lists are all about. I should probably read this before. I started reading it to you. But there you go. That seems like the last queen's gambit tiger king ozark in the top three and just wanted to give some sort of information whether i knew what it was about or not before we started and We succeeded with that. I guess here we go. We're going to do ten questions on colorful tv shows. This is the january twentieth. Twenty twenty one day episode. Help you are safe and sound wherever you're listening from and i hope you're ready for some tv trivia. 'cause here we go colorful. Tv shows question number. One two thousand seventeen blank lightning number one two thousand seventeen blank
10 Trivia Questions on Real Names of Rappers
"Jake. Seven dollars trey songz hundred and fifty dollars and someone named Kill boy is fifty bucks so there you go a bunch of wrappers on cameo just wanted to lay it down with some prices before we get into today's episode. We're going to do that right now. Ten questions unreal names famous rappers. Let's get into it here. We go it is real names of rappers time. Here's question number. one. Sean carter number one. Who is a rapper. Aka. sean carter number one and number two belka lease almonds are belka lease almonds are number three. Aubrey graham. who is that number three aubrey. Graham question number four. Christopher wallis number four christopher wallace and number five naseer jones naseer jones number six on ika meraj number six on onondaga mirage. Rapper number seven austin post number. Seven austin post anna berate dwayne carter junior number eight. Dwayne carter junior followed by number. Nine william drayton junior number nine to juniors in a row number nine william drayton junior and your last one number ten chancellor bennett chancellor bennett. Those are all of your real names of rappers. Let's see if you could decode who they were with their stage names. In just a second we are back with the real names of rappers number. One sean carter was none other than jay z. Rapper and mogul jay z. Sean carter throwing the diamond up number two belka lease elman. Czar cardi b. is the translation there cardi b. number three. Aubrey graham is drake from canada number. Three drake number four. Christopher wallace r.i.p. The dettori is b. I g number. Four chris wallace notorious. B i g number five naseer jones took the first three letters that name became. Now's a ass now's number. Six mirage is pretty close to nikki. Manosh that sounds like Like how my mom would be like. Yeah i saw that nikki massage. But she would get all wrong and she'd say mirage number six number. Seven austin post is post malone who i read got his name from online rap name generator which would be very interesting. Austin post post malone number. Eight dwayne carter. Junior is wayne lil wayne and number nine william drayton. Junior is flavor flav
Why do practically all of us need our wisdom teeth removed?
"How's it possible that we all need our wisdom teeth removed. Well let me give a little background. I okay go for wisdom teeth or the third and last set of our four molars and the biggest ones that you get in your mouth at least that most people get in their mouth somewhere between five and thirty seven percent of people. Don't get all four and some don't have any at all but most folks do in. They usually start to come in between the ages of seventeen and twenty five which is why they are called wisdom teeth because they are older and wiser in theory than baby with emphasis on in theory. Exactly i have always wondered about that. Well i'm glad i could be so. Yeah it's pretty crazy that you're still growing teeth into your twenty s it really is and then. They often are removed shortly thereafter. But why well according to web. Md it seems that ninety percent of people have at least one wisdom tooth that's impacted. this means it can't come in like in the normal way because it stuck on the tooth next to it usually sort of a forty five degree angle ish and pushes into the side of that tooth and although the sound awful you probably won't even feel any pain but it can cause problems later on when the wisdom tooth weakens the root of the molar next to it from that constant pressure or when you get gum disease for it or more cavities or whatever so your dentist may want it out before it ever causes you any trouble so either. The tooth is growing weird. Or your mouth simply doesn't have enough room for it or both. Yeah but your dentist will be keeping an eye on this and will advise you on what to do. And by the way this is different than hyper donncha which is when you have too many teeth so an adult should have about thirty two teeth. If those thirty two don't all fit in your mouth you may have to have your wisdom teeth pulled but if you have more than thirty two adult teeth you have hyper donncha which basically just means you have extra teeth. We'll put some crazy extreme photos of this in our show notes. If you're interested no lord now everyone's going to go to show notes for that and not for the main topic of this podcast. I'm just saying you should go to our show notes for both reasons. That's all and because some of those photos are really wild. I've been down a rabbit hole all day. You know freddie. Mercury had hyper donncha. He did yes and his case was more typical. I think he had four extra teeth. But i've seen photos of people who have like an entire extra set of teeth but anyway back to our main questions. Let's get back on track. Can it be that. Ninety percent of us are flawed. In this way well. The answer is simple evolution. And by the way we're not going to try to jive evolution with christianity in this podcast. Although i'm sure that topic is covered elsewhere and some other podcast for our podcast. Let's just say that. Many scientists believe that overtime our jaws have moved to become smaller and more narrow in. This means that teeth at once fit easily into our gigantic freak mouth usually do not fit anymore we we used to need those molars to help to rough or hard items like nuts and roots and meats and leaves but now we use forks knives and spoons and eat softer food. So we really don't need those anymore in our mouths have just adjusted for that. Yes evolution but pretty cool and of course it makes total sense. I also read on health. Line dot com that the wisdom teeth were like replacement teeth in our distant ancestors to replace other molars which had likely decayed or come out by then. Y- scientists classify wisdom teeth as a vestigial organ or novum saying that right Which in that's v. e. s. t. I g. i. a. l. which basically means it something. Anatomical that no longer seems to have a function or a purpose in our bodies. Other examples are goosebumps The appendix The tailbone ear muscles tonsils nipples on a man hair on our body and the knicks membrane of your eye which is that pink thing in the inside corner. And i'm not sure if i'm pronouncing that right so the muscles are important for you honey since you can make your ears move though that's true. Well port hardy tricks anyway. That is also fascinating and probably worth an entirely separate podcasts. Because i never thought that we have a bunch of body parts that we no longer need. I wanna find out about goosebumps but go ahead and the appendix like so. Many people have to get that out right so anyway if ninety percent need their wisdom teeth removed. What's up with that other ten percent. Do they have big gigantic freak mouths like you mentioned well. People in that ten percent have healthy. Wisdom teeth fully erupted and that sounds awful but it just means that they've grown incompletely and our position correctly and are binding properly in could be clean as part of their normal daily hygiene which means they can get to them to clean them. So this is how the mayoclinic determines whether wisdom teeth might be allowed to stay in your mouth. Sometimes these molars can even grow in horizontally or partially emerged through the gums and this is ripe for bacteria so they'll be removed if that occurs. Remember when you were getting your wisdom teeth removed and afterwards the oral surgeon told us that you really didn't need to have it done because you had plenty of room in your big gigantic freak mouth. sounds familiar but i may have still been under the anesthesia at that point. Well evidently you one of those ten percent that have a big giant. I'm just enjoying saying big giant freak mouth right now you know. It's really painful for me to talk about teeth stuff though. No and i'm surprised you chose this topic. I guess i was just thinking of it academically without having to actually talk about dennis and teeth and look at pictures online. I'm actually feeling kind of squeamish right now. Okay let's move onto the list squeamish stuff then okay. The debate about removing wisdom. To yes please. Dennis are actually torn on whether all of the preemptive wisdom teeth removals are in fact necessary. Yes as good to be proactive. And yes you want them out. If they're going in in a way that will mess up your perfectly straight in wonderfully aligned post orthodontic treatment teeth especially if your parents have spent thousands on exactly in. Yes you would want them out if they're causing you any kind of trouble at all. But what if they're not what if you don't even know that they're they're maybe they're crooked maybe they're impacted but they're not affecting your bite they're not causing you. Pain not becoming havens for cavities. Should you get them out. We'll some dennis. And i think most in the us are in the camp of simply removing them always to avoid any potential future problems. And i understand that. That makes sense being very proactive in conservative others like the nih equivalent in the uk. However say that if they're ace symptomatic without any symptoms pain issues. Leave them be because there's no real evidence to suggest that they'll cause problems later. And therefore it's not worth the expense and the risks of the procedure and understand that too and that makes sense to so regardless of which camp your dentist is in here. She will monitor the growth of your wisdom teeth and how they affect your other teeth and your oral health in general ask a lot of questions do your own research and make a decision. That's best for you absolutely and if you do have to have your wisdom teeth. Extracted fear not. It's honestly not that big of a deal mark and i both had to have ours. Cut out 'cause they were impacted they put you to sleep. Or maybe you're wake but you certainly don't feel a remember anything when you wake up you eat soup and soft foods for a few days in your mind.
10 Trivia Questions on Fictional Sports Teams
"We're gonna jump into today's episode fictional sports teams. Give you the team. You tell me what franchise it is from here. We go fictional sports teams. I'll give you the name of the team. You tell me what franchise it's from might be a book a movie a tv show video game at cetera. Here's question number one. The springfield isotopes number one. The springfield isotopes. What franchise is that. From number one fictional sports teams number two that chug lee cannons number. Two the charlie cannons and question. Number three the rancho cain high. Toro's number three the rancho cain high. Toro's number three and number four mean machine number four mean machine followed by number five milwaukee beers number five the milwaukee beers question number six the flint michigan tropics number six the flint michigan tropics number six and number seven the south central louisiana state mud dogs number seven the south central louisiana state mud dogs three questions to go on fictional sports teams number eight. The washington sentinels number eight. The washington sentinels and number nine. The new new york. Mets the new new york mets. And your last one number ten district. Five in what franchise movie tv show etc. Would there be a fictional. Sports team called district five. Those are all of your fictional sports teams. Hopefully you were able to identify most of them. We'll be right back in just a second to see if you pulled it off. We are back with the answers to fictional sports teams. Let's see how you did number one. The springfield isotopes. That of course was the simpsons which makes sense because simpsons fan. Luke mckay wrote these questions. Thank you luke. For sending him to me number the canons. That is harry potter quidditch team. In harry potter that shuttling cannons number. Three the rancho. Cain high toro's that was bring it on the cheerleading movie. Bring it on. I'm received that on a date in eighth grade way back in the day. It's an okay movie number. Four mean machine. The longest yard that is from the longest yard mean machine number. Five milwaukee beers is basketball one of my favorite trey parker matt stone movies bastketball number six to flint michigan tropics semi pro semipro with will ferrell and woody harrelson. This is a movie nobody really talks about. But it's pretty funny. Semipro number seven d south central louisiana state mud dogs. That is the waterboy the water boy number eight the washington sentinels is the replacements a football movie the replacements number nine the new york mets is futurama. Futurama and number ten district five is from the mighty ducks franchise the mighty ducks. I don't know much about real sports but boy. I had fun hosting this one on fictional sports teams. Hope you had fun playing along. If you like the show lever of you get free stuff from me in the mail. Just let me know that you did it. By emailing ryan buds at g mail dot com. We have one more for you. Call the fact of the day and the fact of the day is before toilet. Paper was invented. americans used to use corn cobs. That's right nothing like an ice corncob to wipe your bum before toilet paper now. you know.
10 Trivia Questions on Cows
"Show. Which today is all about cattle cows bulls you name it. We've got all kinds of fun stuff for your written by australian listener and pale luke. Mckay thank you luke. For sending me fifty trivia rounds to us at live events and zooms and power points and all kinds of cool stuff. I appreciate it. Thank you buddy. The guys ever want to write trivia questions and send them to me. My friend robert. Casey does that. I'm happy to record those. At some point it saves me some digging from writing trivia for the day so i would always accept your trivia rounds with open arms. And thanks again to anybody who does that. Drop me. A line at ryan buds at mail dot com. If you want some questions. I have all the questions from this year. So far In january written as a. Let's see microsoft word documents on my one drive account here. I'm thinking about taking all of the rounds. Kind of like the transcript of the questions from these episodes and posting them as blogs website. So you can always find the copy and paste version of these questions that you're listening to in case you want to use them again. If you're interested in that i will let you know as soon as it's up But just let me know. If there's something specific i've done in the past that you wanted the the questions for you. Don't wanna listen to them and transcribe them or something. Just you know. I might have it lying around Thank you guys so much leaving reviews on itunes for the show and the podcast app and all that good stuff. I just checked it today. If you search the word trivia it comes up pretty lickety-split jimmy trivia with buds. Like on the podcast which is awesome. And if you click on the podcast you can leave a review on the podcast app and there are two hundred and fifty seven which is awesome. That means we got three more since. I last checked earlier this week. So we have two hundred and fifty seven reviews if you left a review. Drop me a line. Ryan buds gmail.com. I'll send you a cool little package a fun stuff for doing that. Just let me know that you did it. What the name was on the review and let me know your mailing address and happy to get you out like a shark. Nato picture and some stickers and all kinds of cool stuff bunch new stickers on order to have a bunch of new colors of different stickers. I've had in the past like the bob ross sticker and and things like that so be on the lookout for those kinds of things and thanks so much for following me on all social media on facebook trivia with buds on facebook. Just buds on instagram. At ryan buds. I do have a twitter account. Which i deleted from my phone and have not used in quite some time so the account is still out there. It's at ryan buds on twitter. But i have not looked at it in new four months or so but if you want to reach me on there for some reason he can find me there all right. Thank you guys for listening to this long winded intro. But now it's time for some short winded trivia on cows. Here we go. Cows trivia question number one which nick tune featured a character named heffer
10 Trivia Questions on Vague Movie Descriptions
"And welcome to another episode of the trivia with buds podcast. I'm your host ryan buds. Thank you so much for checking out the show today. We have got to do see for you. It's about vague descriptions. I'll give you a few words in a short sentence and maybe a year of a movie and you have to try and figure out what movie title i am talking about. I tried to pick movies. That i've never asked trivia questions on before so we should have a good handful of things where you're like. What was that movie. What was that thing hopefully puts your mind to work and helps you remember some crazy crazy movies of yester- ear. I watched Season two of the mandalorian finally finished it yesterday. speaking of yester- as a prefix and i loved it. I love to just as much season one. If not more and man. I somehow did not get any spoilers on that show. And i look at online stuff all day long in between gigs and things but i did not know any of the cool stuff that happened on that season and i was pleasantly surprised with Just all of it and Shout out to bill. Burr who i thought gave an excellent performance as he always does but specifically in the episode he was in I thought he was awesome in a funny way in a serious way in a bad ass way. I thought it was great. So if you haven't seen mandalorian season two you waited a few weeks extra like me to catch up I highly suggest you go watch mando which i already can't wait for it to come back and i'm gonna go through and watch all two seasons again. I'm gonna say something bold here guys. I think mandalorian season one and two are better than all the star wars movies. That's right all of them including rogue one better than the other star wars movies. I just think it's entertaining. I love the characters. The action and Just the whole presentation of it. I think is awesome. I actually like it. Better as show as opposed to a movie as well in terms of how i like to watch star wars. Now that i've seen a show. I'm like yes that's what i want. I want more of that. So hopefully they keep cranking those out and we can all keep being entertained by them. Hopefully you are being entertained by me. And this podcast. That's been on for over a thousand episodes. Make sure you hit subscribe so you never miss a new one. We're going to jump into ten at trivia questions on vague movie descriptions right now here. We go this. Vague movie descriptions. Can you guess these movie. Titles from some few words let's see if he can do it. Here's question number. One people get their haircut in chicago in two thousand and two number one people get their haircut
Who Was Thomas Becket?
"Thomas becket yes okay. Born around eleven twenty and died in eleven seventy. he's also known as saint thomas of canterbury or Sometimes who refer to him as thomas a becket. Okay yeah anyway. So thomas becket. He is venerated as a saint and martyr by both the catholic church and the anglican church He engaged in conflict with henry. The second king of england over the rights and privileges of the church and at one point excommunicated the archbishop of york so tough rain away to france for a bit under the protection of king. Louis the seventh of france but then he returned in eleven seventy two england so henry second in england said something to the effect of like ugh. This guy is driving me. Four of his knights interpreted this as a command to go. Get rid of thomas becket So on december twenty ninth seventy reginald fitz ertz huge morville william to tracy and richard le breton showed up at canterbury cathedral. According to accounts left by the monk jer vase of canterbury and i witnessed named edward grim. The knights placed their weapons under a tree outside the cathedral and hid their chainmail armor on your cloaks before entering the cathedral to challenge becket priest the night. He's hold beckett. They were taking him to winchester england to give count of all of his actions and kind of like hold him accountable in front of people but becket refused so the four nights retrieved their weapons and rushed back inside the cathedral. Oh my god. I beckett proceeded to the main hall for evening prayers and the other monks tried to like themselves into different parts of the joe for get said to them. It is not right to make a fortress out of the house of prayer in order them to reopen the doors so the four nights wielding they're drawn swords ran into the room saying like thomas becket. He's a traitor. To the king the knights found beckett in his spot near the door of the monastic cloister the stairs into the crypt and the stairs leading up to the choir of the cathedral where the monks were all. They're like still saying their prayers. Like oh no right. There's just four guys having running in with okay upon seeing them becca. I am no traitor. And i'm ready to die so Edward grandma eyewitness. He wrote a very extensive account of exactly what happened. I will save you all the details. Let's just say that for nights wielding swords kill the priest in canterbury cathedral. That's terrible so soon. After his death the faithful throughout europe european venerating beckett as a murder in february eleven seventy three which was just a little more than two years after his death. He was canonized by pope. Alexander the third and so sure typically like canonization of saints takes lake decades. Yeah stuff happened so the fact that this happened so quickly was kind of saying that. This guy was a big deal. So related trivia. Facts about thomas becket. Geoffrey chaucer's the canterbury tales. Ninety two is set in a company of pilgrims on their way from southern to the shrine of saint. Thomas becket in canterbury cathedral. Okay never made that connection no me neither ever okay So the schreiner was built between eleven eighty and twelve twenty and up to one hundred thousand. Pilgrims would have visited the shrine every year for more than three hundred years. That's my gosh locked. Yes it was adorned in marble gold and jewels and murdered saints. Tombs was one of unparalleled splendor in fifteen thirty eight. during the reformation. The shrine was destroyed following the orders of henry. The eighth who definitely be talking about in a little bit more twenty. Twenty researchers digitally reconstructed the raised sanctuary and available to view on the beckett story online and we'll share linked to that because it's really interesting how they did that. They took This thing had been such a big deal for more than three hundred years. And then it was raised more than four hundred and fifty plus years ago at this point and so they took accounts that the pilgrims had made that other monks had made in in digitally recreated which is pretty up and also modern works based on the story of thomas becket include. Tes elliott's nineteen thirty. Five play murder in the cathedral later adapted the opera assassination cutter. Dry ill the brando pizza'd in nine hundred fifty eight. You did that. Can i tell you flawlessly Also nineteen fifty-nine play by John we called beckett which was made into a movie with the same title and paul. Webb's play four nights in nair's borough which was written in one thousand nine hundred nine which recounts the aftermath of the murder of thomas becket by the four nights who made the worst career choice in history. Yeah that's goes without saying well if you don't if all of these facts don't stick in your head. Look at the name k. e. t. the cane. His name is right in the middle. And if you look at it. It looks like four blades. Good the name so four blades. Stuck together by the four to killed him in canterbury. That's thomas becket.
How Much Do Your Friends Affect Your Future?
"Stephen. I have a question that was tweeted at us by at death by four. Is the correlation of your five closest friends. A real predictor of success. And where you're going in life. Oh a lake the question. I can see why you like the question to because i know that you care about in study friendship so to me there to central questions. We need to try to answer. Their one is whether there is a strong correlation between your friend group and your future and if so whether there's something about that friend group that significantly causes your future to change or whether you choose friends who will fit the future that you're planning yes. I think that we should get to cause -ality once we get beyond correlation. That's i think the most interesting this question because there is this expression. Look at your five closest friends. That's who you are. And that's you're going to be but this is saying but i've always been very suspicious about saying have you not well if i think of my closest friends whenever by. That's all i care about eighteen. I make the top twelve year number. One always okay. My other rents okay. First of all. They're a lot like me so my friends are all practically manic there so like they're all women they're all around my age. They're all around my educational demographic. I think it's interesting to observe that are closest friends are so much like us. Okay so if that observation is accurate. Let's say in the aggregate then. I would have to think that that's a strike against the argument. In the question. I would think it's more a byproduct of the fact that you choose people to be friends who were kind of moving in the direction that you're moving in. Yeah and it's often called him. Awfully bird's feather tend to flock together. And if that's really the heart of the correlation that because we're so similar we aggregate than that does argue against your friends having a causal effect on your outcome because that's not really what's going on but there is evidence and i'm sure you're familiar with by nicholas kristof focus. Who runs the human nature lab at yale. He's the co author of a book called connect the surprising power of our social networks. And how they shape our lives. He makes an argument that our social circles influence us greatly in terms of emotions and behaviors everything from health politics etcetera and his argument. Is that really what we think of as the individual is actually much more compounded result of the people that we know and listen to. So what do you think of that. Research and argument yeah. Nick is probably the most famous researcher on this idea that our social networks are not only reflection of ourselves but actually cause changes in ourselves and he has this data from the framingham heart. Study which by the way was about as it suggests heart health and cardiovascular disease and so forth but it's also been mined by researchers just because it was a really robust set of data. yes opportunistically. Yeah i believe framingham. Is this little town in massachusetts. And i think the interesting feature of the data set is that because it was in this one geographic location. The people in the data set happen to know each other. And you can map out. Who's friends with whom who's relatives of whom who's married to whom who's tutors. Three degrees of separation et cetera and when nick analyzed this one of the famous findings was the finding that obesity is contagious. In the sense that your weight and your weight change was predicted. Not only by the people you know but the more startling finding is it's not even necessarily the there in your direct circle but maybe the outer circle. Goodbye influence you. Stephen and you happen to know someone else. And i don't even have to know them but my politics or the way. I eat or anything else could go viral as it were in the same way that actual virus goes viral.
The History of the Internet
"To begin with we as a species. We've been trying to categorize an attain all the knowledge. We haven't to a database of sorts for a very long time right so for example in seventeen twenty. Eight ephraim champions globe maker publishes the cyclopes or a universal dictionary of arts and sciences. It is the earliest attempt to link by association all the articles in an encyclopedia or more generally all the components of human knowledge. He wrote in his preface quote this. We endeavored to attain by considering the several matters. E topics not only absolutely and independently as to what they are in themselves but also relatively or as they respect each other. So we've been thinking about like how to how to access knowledge how to obtain information and organize it in in a in a way so that more people can access it quicker classic enlightenment. Classic enlightenment am my right So in one thousand. Nine hundred belgian lawyers and bibliographer paul outlet and on revilla contain proposed a central repository for the world's knowledge organized by the universal decimal classification. It was called the mondays And it would eventually house. More than fifteen million index cards one hundred thousand files and millions of images and in nineteen thirty four outlet further advanced his vision for the radiated library in which people worldwide will place telephone calls to his quote mechanical collective brain. And we'll get back information as tv signals. So this was a theory. This is something that they thought could get off the ground then in nineteen thirty six h. g. wells first predicts what's called the world brain He wrote the whole human memory can be and probably short time. We'll be made accessible to every individual time is close at hand when any student in any part of the world will be able to sit with his projector in his own study at his or her convenience to examine any book. any document in an exact replica. Study accurate it's pretty accurate so the world brain was to be a central repository of the world's knowledge organized by complex taxonomy invented by wells. So clearly there has been a precedent for desiring this kind of thing. So the concept of data communication or transmitting data between two different places through an electromagnetic medium such as radio or an electric wire predates the introduction of the first computers right. Such communication systems were typically limited to point to point communication between two end devices. Like semaphore lines are telegraph systems and telex machines so these can be considered early precursors to this kind of communication and the telegraph in the late. Nineteenth century was the first fully digital communication system. So that's just cool trivia fact it been a deeply so up until about nineteen sixty computers were huge unwieldy and self contained. You could use them as a tool. But you couldn't necessarily make them talk to each other or transmit information across any distances using them but there were a bunch of people working towards making that happen so a man named christopher stray cheesy who became the oxford university is first professor of computation filed a patent application for time sharing in february of nineteen fifty nine in june that year. He gave a paper called time sharing enlarge fast computers at the unesco information processing conference in paris where he passed the concept onto to lick lighter of mit like lighter vice president at both derek and newman inc and they discuss a computer network in his january. Nineteen sixty paper called man computer symbiosis so a quote from that is a network of computers connected to one another by wideband communication lines which provide the functions of present day libraries together with anticipated advances in information storage. And retrieval and other symbiotic functions. So super like great reading. You know just like pull it up right. Now read it. Yeah take it to the beach. You know something really exciting. So paul baran then publishes reliable digital communications systems using unreliable network repeater nodes the first of a series of papers that proposed the designed for distributed networks using packet switching. And we'll talk about that for a second. Method used to this day to transmit information over the internet and then a little later. Donald davies the. Uk's national physical laboratory or n. P. l. independently developed the same idea. So there's a little bit of like linear here So while baron used the term message blocks for his units of communication davies. Use the term packets so i was like what the hell is packet. Switching so packet switching is essentially and i. I used the the metaphor of of charlie and the chocolate factory. Ok you know mike. Tv how said the tv you're broken up into little pieces gets reassembled on the other side. That's basically what packet switching is with. Data the pieces get sent over in smaller pieces because they can travel over greater distances being smaller and then they get reassembled on the other side so that's packet switching s perfect. I'm gonna get a lot of emails. Okay so. Jc are lick lighter so jc are lick lighter. He was known as either. Jc are like friends. Call them lick several shame. I guess it's shorter than say j. C. r. guess so or just like yourself jim anyway He became the director of the newly-established information processing techniques office. Or the ipo within the us. Defense department's advanced research projects agency or darpa. So then robert. Taylor becomes the director of the information processing techniques office. Pto in nineteen sixty six and he intended to realize lighters idea of an interconnected networking system so he proposes to his boss the arpanet so the advanced research projects agency net which is a network that would connect the different projects that arpaio was sponsoring so a way to like keep everything together and at the time each project has its own specialized terminal and unique set of user commands so in order to talk to each terminal you had to physically go to the computer terminal that only spoke to that individual one so he was like what if we just had one computer that connected to everything and that was arpanet basically bam bam so there were like great. I love this. So they awarded. Arba awarded the contract to build this network to bolt beranek and newman or bbn technologies. And they're involved in the early stages of the internet in a major way and so all mentioned them like a bunch of times so the first arpanet link was established between the university of california los angeles and the stanford research institute at twenty to thirty hours on october. Twenty ninth nineteen. Sixty-nine the first message was the word log in that's boring. I know it's super boring computer guys. I was necessary to jump. It wasn't the first text message. Merry christmas oh. I don't know maybe it was being at least that s something. Yeah or what. Does it come here. I need you. That's the one for the telephone log in. Yeah right fine. at least it's easy to remember. Yeah i message sent over. The internet is the message lock-in so sent over arpanet between the network node at ucla and a second one at sri. So leonard kline rock of ucla said at the ucla and they typed in the l. and asked sri by phone if they received it got the l. Came the voice reply. Ucla typed in the. Oh asked if they got it and received got the oh. ucla then typed in the g. And the darn system crashed boy the beginning on the second attempt. It worked fine so by the end of that year. Four host computers connected together in the initial arpanet so this was like the beginning of of the end. Basically
Why Do We Seek Comfort in the Familiar?
"The band's. I love the books and movies of already read and seen the poetry that i love etc i wonder if there is existing research that explains that is common and also whether the need to find comfort in the familiar increases with age and conversely whether the desired try out new things requires both a positive outlook on life and the physical energy to do so. So let's start there. Angie what say you to that query. This is such an interesting and deep question. There's actually a lot of research on the idea of finding comfort finding enjoyment in things that we've done before so one early finding that's relevant here is called the mere exposure effect. This is the idea that merely experiencing something was second third or fourth fifth sixth seventh and eighth time the more you're exposed to it the more you like it without anything really changing so even if it's something that prima facie you may not have thought you'd like or maybe even didn't like that exposure makes you like well. The original psychologist is robert science and he would show people in his studies in nonsense syllables. They didn't really have any meaning. And the first time you see a probably have more of a neutral response but then the eighth time the nighttime it's like you like it and you like it more and more with more exposure which is really remarkable. It is remarkable. It's interesting question to me too because in a way it's obvious why. Why do you think that is well. Because if you're feeling uncomfortable you would seek out the opposite which is comfort and the familiar is more comfortable almost by definition than the novel right. I guess i was connecting familiar and comfort in a way that maybe is an obvious but to me it felt obvious but on the other hand you could also imagine that during tough or unsettling times you'd want to stir things up to read or watch or explore new ideas that may help you get into a new frame and take your mind off what's distressing so i can see both sides but i have to say i totally identify with masha and i do the same. I'm curious if you do angela. Yeah i mean. I like most human beings in times of stress tend to seek the familiar and the comfortable and the lower risk. Love actually probably the greatest film that's ever been made and every time i see it and i can't even tell you how many times because it's been so many i feel comforted. It's like a warm cinematografica hug. Is it a romcom what you've never seen love. Actually i've heard of it. You've never seen love. actually. I don't see a lot of movies. Maybe that's why i'm so uncomfortable. The gist of love actually. It's like several intersecting love stories. You had me intersecting. Okay that says and each of them has aspect which is bittersweet and get a humorous. But the thing about this movie is you know what's going to happen. You know that you love what's going to happen and instead of that making it a diminished experience. It's almost better the team at the time. I don't know if this is just a pandemic coping mechanism. Actually i think there is good research that suggests that's pretty universal so somewhat argue that emotions like fear and also emotions like sadness. Get us to withdraw a little bit to that which we know is going to work and conversely happiness and safety and contentment tend to get us to be a little more venture. Som what's called broaden and build theory. This is work. Barbara frederickson and others. So i think we're all in a kind of state of uncertainty. That makes us want to retract a little bit. Even if you're right even sometimes trying something new might be exactly what we need. Can you tell me a little bit about this. Broaden and build theory which. I've never heard of yes so well. We know why we have fear like if we didn't have fear we'd get eaten by a tiger and we also know why we have the cousin of fear anxiety. Like oh i'm anxious about this test or i'm anxious about this thing is going to happen so i prepare for it more. All the negative emotions had been catalogued understood in terms of their evil lucien airy function for survival. So barbara. Frederickson is a psychologist who wondered. Well why is it across culture that we have certain positive. Emotions like happiness contentment surprise. Like aw and so forth. And that led to broaden and build theory which she's spent the rest of her long and storied career studying which is basically the idea that when we experience these positive emotions they are assigned a signal. That things are going well. And therefore now is the time to broaden and
Why Do We Hoard?
"Stephen question for you. okay. I want to know about. You're keen walk cabinet if it is still four or perhaps even overflowing and really. Why i'm asking is when you said that you keep buying box after box of kyun wa and never cooking any of it. I had to ask myself is even a hoarder so first of all i would say. I've used off on the walk purchase. Since you talk me through it since shame do about it. M i a hoarder so i would say that. I don't believe i am now or have ever been what is called the severe horror where you accumulate. So many books or newspapers or coup clocks can't make it to the front door right that you have to have a goat path through your possessions. I am certainly familiar with severe haunting. I mean i've encountered it several times in my life mostly in reporting but some personal life and i did grow up in a home where we saved anything. That could possibly be reused. But i think that had a lot more to do with being low income than with the factors that tend to drive severe hoarding. Well think this connection were. You're saying oh that was different because we didn't have any money so of course we had to hold on everything and then hoarding beyond any kind of level of reasonable thriftiness. I think they are connected. The phenomenon of hoarding. Which isn't terribly well. Understood is thought to be intuition. Or an impulse gone awry. And it's like eating fatty salty and sweet things. We evolved to seek out really high-calorie things with sodium. That worked well for many generations until we've had so much to eat that that same instinct is serving as and maybe warnings the same way that we haven't intuition to hold on to everything which is good until you get to the twentieth century. So that makes some sense to me. But i don't think that's really how actual severe hoarding happens from what i've read. It's more usually driven by some kind of traumatic life event. Where you have come to believe that things have evalu- beyond what other people would think would be a realistic value or that. Things are deeply irreplaceable. Or that things are so essential that you cannot go on another day unless you have collected all six of your local newspapers and added them to the pile so i would distinguish between what you're describing as a kind of canary. Need to conserve in reuse. And what seems to be pathology to keep things well beyond the volume at which they're useful. Well many pathologies stephen are normal processes taken to the extreme and so we could both be right. We could both be right and then. There's the question of whether hoarding only means physical things. Do you consider digital hoarding to be legit. You know some researchers actually used the phrase digital hoarding. And that's basically accumulating files and photos and so forth that you don't wanna part with and just like regular hoarding or analog hoarding. I guess definitely it's dysfunctional in other words. It's getting in the way but this incident. We have to hold onto things to not let go. Were all on a continuum of us to do that more than ours. And then at the extreme you have a hoarder. I think you're right. Also highlight that. There is an element of obsessive compulsive. Nece to hoarding. And from what i know and i'm not clinically trained as you know as a psychologist. I'm merely do research but my understanding of ocd. Is that the old part. The obsession part is a thought and then the compulsion part is behavior and very often. The thought is some distressing thought like ono. If i throw this away bad things are going to happen. And then the disordered behavior is that you shove everything in the closet. So i think there is a very uncomfortable. Obsessive thought that gets discharged or relieved a little bit. When you engage in this behavior and anyway. I don't want to say that hoardings not pathological because it obviously is. It's also we should say dangerous in that something like twenty five percent of all fire. Deaths involve hoarding. What that's terrible. I've seen one study. That found hoarding is responsible for a quarter of all what they call avoidable fire deaths. Now we should say fire deaths have fallen so so so so much right. We're talking about small numbers bite still proportionally. It makes sense because if you have a house full of newspapers books whatever pretty flammable and they make hard to get out and they make it hard for people to get in to rescue you during the pandemic. I've tried to get in more than a hundred steps a day. So i take a walk around the neighborhood and i have to say there. Is this one house. I look up to the fourth floor and you can't see much except for there's a fan in the window and then there's all these obstructions and then there's this like tiny sliver of light i think is the light on in the room and it only dawned on me gradually that this must be where hoarder lives and now. I'm worried that they're going to have a fire.