History

History never repeats itself on this fascinating playlist. Whether you're a history buff or buffoon, these historical tidbits will excite and inspire. Sourced from leading talk radio shows and premium podcasts.

The Failed Pepsi A.M.

Ghost Town

02:14 min | 3 d ago

The Failed Pepsi A.M.

"Support for this. Podcast comes from warner brothers pictures. The little things starring academy award winners denzel washington rami. Malik and jared leto to detectives track killer unraveling grits and lies. They discover there some things that never let us go a film written and directed by john lee hancock. See it in theaters on january twenty nine and also streaming exclusively on. Hbo max for thirty one days at no extra cost to subscribers rated r. under seventeen not admitted without parent. Hey it's christine blackburn welcomed. A story worthy of this is your first time listening boy. You've got a lot of choices you can scroll through the back catalog of over ten years and find your favorite comedian performer. To listen to or check out the topics because there are some fantastic true stories on this show. For instance may be wanna hear about kevin neal and working at a strip club in point barrow alaska or maybe one here about ali gertz in a car accident. That changed her life. Or you can go back in the catalog. And hear from larry king. Who's been on the show three different times. Or maybe you want to hear from bob cat both weight and how he performed for the gigolos. Or maybe you want to hear a story from the hilarious randy. Skylar about taking his wife on a hot air balloon ride. That crashed anywhere. You want to start is perfect. You guys so welcome to the show. Please follow story. Where the on social media ads story the and make sure you check out stories smash the storytelling game. Show streaming live on facebook and youtube in every friday night at seven. Pm pacific standard. Time i've got expert. Judges like medians. Blink patch cure sultana vich felicia michaels and judges likes dna. Super mark. the carlo ed crasnick and so many other fabulous guests. Don't forget you guys story smash every friday night at seven pm on youtube and facebook and again enjoys story worthy have any emails. You'd like to send over feel free to email me directly christine lapper one at mount dot com. And don't forget you guys make it a story worthy week.

Denzel Washington Rami John Lee Hancock Christine Blackburn Kevin Neal Jared Leto Ali Gertz Warner Brothers Academy Award Malik Bob Cat Point Barrow HBO Larry King Skylar Alaska Felicia Michaels Randy Youtube Facebook Christine Lapper
David Price on Colonel John Haslet's World

American Revolution Podcast

08:13 min | 4 d ago

David Price on Colonel John Haslet's World

"David price. Thank you for joining me on the american revolution. Podcast thank you very much. It's a pleasure to be here. you're here today. Because britain a new book. About colonel john hazlet. What prompted you to write a book about john has let at. How important is he to the story of the american revolution. Well the genesis of this book. Mike was my first literary effort rescuing the revolution on sung patriot. Heroes in their ten. Crucial days are america's war for independence. John has was one of several individuals who i profiled in that book in a series of graphical vignettes which focused primarily on the contributions that each of these people need to patriot caused during what was perhaps the ten most inspirational days in american history. And perhaps the most pivotal moment in the war for independence. Now why did i choose hizbullah. Well you know. His name kept popping up in various things that i was reading most especially in a hackett fischer's pulitzer prize winning work. Washington's crossing which is the bible for people like me who are historical interpreters or so case graphs historical interpreters. I washington crossing historic park. That's a joke. By the way you have to read that book and you have to have a decent command. Say the material in order to be able to give a tour there under the auspices of a fringe group. So the more read about him. The more i was impressed by what he did. And and the kind of character he displayed in the course of his revolutionary service. So around the time that. I was reading that book and i guess the germ if you will of the seed when he's right. Metaphor here have been planted. The perhaps do something a little more elaborate on has land. And i came across the book by fred walters. John has led a useful one. Which far as i know. That was the only book that about him. It's a self published work came out. I believe in two thousand and five. Mary engaging read. I enjoyed it immensely. But it's written in the form largely not entirely but largely in the form of a historical novel. There's a good deal of well. Frankly fictional material an air imaginary dialogue scenes useful information to improve to be very helpful to me my initial reaction after reading. That was well. Fred has the subject covered pretty well. And i don't need to pursue curl has let any further the more i thought about it. The more i felt it deserved an effort by someone to craft more conventional kind of a non fiction work about curl and his delaware regiment now. I should add parenthetically that since his first book. Fred walters did polish. What i gather is a more conventional work and non fiction account. Biography of the kernel which i believe is entitled. John has lots eric journey. But it was published exclusively in a kindle edition. I decided to go ahead and pursue this idea of trying to write a book. Hamlet just to see you know when i was starting out i was just with the mindset of well. Let's see how this goes and what looks like and it wasn't challenge to produce something. That is a book length. Because as i pointed out in the preface to the book. There's not a lot known about his pre-revolutionary war life. We don't even know exactly when it was born is a someone about whom an agent is to in the preface or introduction. We don't even know exactly what he looks like. Physical descriptions of him but there's no authentic rep visual representation of inviting eighteen artists. Not by anyone. Who was alive when he was only two images that. I'm aware which i discussed under book. Which is the coverage. The stanley arthurs painting a reversal of the image of has lead in the stanley arthurs painting that hangs in the delaware public archives building. But in any case i could push ahead with the project so ultimately when it became was an effort to inter we three things one is the has the biography. One is the story of his seventeen seventy six regimen the first incarnation of delaware regimen with a little bit about the proposed hasler regimen is the reconstituted regimen in non truncated form that was created in seventeen seventy seven after his death and then a last name of courses or general one. It's quitting this whole context of the seventeen seventy six campaign. washington's army the new york and the campaign. Which of course culminates in what we call the ten crucial days campaign from december twenty fifth. Seventeen seventy six through january. Seventeen seventy seven. When has what has killed about princeton. The other thing. I think that was pushing me to do. This was at some point. When i was writing the second book it occurred needed. It would be a neat idea. If i could do a trilogy on the ten crucial days. I'm not aware that any other offer done. So what distinguishes has led from anyone else in terms of his contribution to the patriot. Cause well he created one of the elite regiments and continental army in seventeen. Seventy six as i believe the largest regiment in the army in the early months of that year they started recruiting january by me erupt. Almost eight hundred men. They were full uniformed. And i think they were. Perhaps the only regimen in the army that could make claimed for uniform to fully armed under has let's to of his agitate thomas holland formerly of his britannic majesty's army day molded these this forced into a efficient elite fighting unit. Bouffe or get too much into the details of the door blues. I wanna ask one thing you said. We don't know much about hamlet's prewar life. We do that. He came from northern ireland right and that he settled in kent county delaware. Do we have any information about why he left ireland and why he settled in delaware. Well he may have had personal indoor political reasons leaving ulster when he did his wife died his first wife got about five years before he came to the colonies which he did in seventeen fifty seven or thereabouts. Minor standing as they may have personal issues between him and members of the congregation. Her guests may have had an emotional toll on him. Such that believe she dialed probably died in childbirth so he was left with a young daughter. This may have taken a toll on him and as such impacted his ability to perform his ministerial duties. And that may lead to some ancient. Shall we say between young minister and members of his parish more generally when he came to the colonies. it was in the context of this larger immigration movement. If you will of the scotch-irish from northern ireland to the new world during the early and mid eighteenth century with was because of the harsh economic into the adverse economic conditions under which many of them live in the restrictions rather onerous restrictions have been imposed on him by british policy towards ireland towards the presbyterian church that was regarded as unwelcome adversary adversaries. You will to the established anglican church. So i think there's a plausible logger be made. That was part of. let's motivation. Maybe dominant part of his motivation.

Fred Walters Stanley Arthurs Colonel John Hazlet Hackett Fischer Washington Crossing Historic P Eric Journey David Price John Delaware Delaware Public Archives Build Hasler Britain Army Mike Fred America Washington Thomas Holland Britannic Majesty's Army
migration Intrieure

Benjamen Walker's Theory of Everything

04:50 min | 6 d ago

migration Intrieure

"On may seventh nineteen forty five. The writer thomas. Mon- wrote the final entry. His wartime diary the closing sentence reads. It is not exactly elation that i feel ended the fight the following day the americans broadcast thomas mons apprehensive voice into germany on the voice of america beacon. This broadcast was also published in a number of newspapers. The allies now controlled under the provocative headline. Thomas mon on german gill. The thick walled torture chamber that hitlerism had made of germany is broken open and our disgrace is bared to the eyes of the world. It is our disgraced german listeners and readers for every german one who speaks german right german has lived as a german is affected by this shameful exposure. The world's shudders at the sight of germany even the german who escaped an ample time from the realm of national socialist leadership. Who did not like to live in. The vicinity of these abodes of abomination did not like to go about his business in ostensible virtue and pretend to know nothing while the wind carried the stench of charred human flesh to his nostrils. Even this german is shamed in the depths of his soul for the things that were possible in the land of his fathers and his master's ten yet. Another version of this essay went out on german radio. The bbc had been transmitting. Mon- regularly since one thousand nine hundred eighty one for a series called or listen germany. This was the final broadcast my readers and listeners. In germany you were unable rid yourself of this rule by your own strength. The liberators had to come from abroad. They have occupied broken country. And we'll have to govern it for years. Had leased do not regard them as your enemies. Do not regard yourself primarily as germans but has men and women returned to humanity as germans who after twelve years of hitler want to be human beings again to take these being bombed deutschen. Who i've mentioned too. Many of the ideas in these two broadcasts can also be heard in the lecture thomas. Mon- gave at the library of congress on may twenty nine a very strange thing that three weeks and two days after the close of a long brutal and destructive and bestial war against germany. The german people and the german nation gathered in this room to hear at german writer. Last this night was the debut of thomas. Mons seminal essay germany. the germans he Before you i feel that live is indeed of sexual stuff. Threes are made and to speak to you today on german and germans risky undertaking. Not only because the topic is so complex so inexhaustible but also because of the violent emotion that encompassed today should german avoid this subject today but i would scarcely have known what other subject to choose for this evening and beyond that. It scarcely possible conceive of any conversation about the purity personal today that britain inevitably onto german province. The meek ma in the kara time destiny of this people which undeniably has given to manage much that is great and beauty food and yet test time and again imposed upon germany's horrible fate. The tremendous catastrophe in which a modern history now mini competitive edge our interests even if this interest is divided of superbeets

Germany Thomas Mons Thomas Mon Thomas BBC Library Of Congress Britain
The Blood Libel Accusation with Magda Teter

Jewish History Matters

09:53 min | Last week

The Blood Libel Accusation with Magda Teter

"I'm jason leg. And i'm joined today by magden tater to talk about the history of the blood libel accusation and its continued relevance listen in for a wide ranging conversation about the history of the blood libel its origin in mediaeval europe and how it has transformed over the centuries and what it tells us about misinformation and how it spreads magdi. Tater is professor of history and the fiddler chair of judaic studies at fordham university. She's the author of numerous books. Most recently blood libel on the trail of an antisemitic. Myth which will talk about today. The blood libel is one of the long-standing false accusations against the jews. It is the myth in different variations and incarnations the jews murdered christian children and used their blood for various rituals. And it's obviously patently false but somehow people still believe it. And it has persisted. Across nearly a thousand years from medieval england to nazi anti semitism and beyond we can see the ways in which the imagery of the blood libel and it's false narrative persists even in new reconfigured forms like the conspiracy theories of cunanan as mark the these accusations across the centuries and different places and in different times became a vehicle for different anxieties about jews and about people's lives at large. And so we can see the blood libel in a certain way as a mirror of the fears that people had not just about jews but about all sorts of issues nevertheless the blood libel is not just a relic of medieval superstition. Or something like that. It's something which has changed with the times and which in many ways has piggybacked off of new technologies and new developments and this is one of magdi key arguments which is that. It's the printing press that enabled the proliferation and persistence of these false myths and disinformation which when published allowed them both to spread more widely. And also give these false accusations in air of quote unquote respectability because the existed in print in the first place and so this allows us to think deeply about the role of media technologies both image evil and early modern europe and also more recently with things like the radio. The newspaper even the internet as avenues. Not for the spread of information but rather of information. Thank you so much for listening in to this conversation. I hope that you'll check out. Magas book blood libel and also the accompanying web site the blood libel trail dot org where you can learn more about the book and also check out some really fascinating maps and other media about the anti semitic myth of the blood libel. Thanks again for listening. Hi magda welcome to the podcast. Hi jason thank you for having me. This is such an interesting topic. It's i think unfortunately very relevant to talk about bible accusations. Yes unfortunately i'm a scholar of premodern history and we always want to be relevant. But as i always said be careful what you wish for. Suddenly my book became quite rather than to although when i started. It was an academic exercise. Yeah i mean. I think that we are going to get to the question of the ways in which the historical blood libel accusation is still very relevant today but before we do that i think it might be useful for us to think kind of really brawley. What actually is the blood libel accusation manafort putting it into the context of thinking about how this is similar or different to other kinds of accusations that we see throughout history thinking about for instance the accusation of decide the accusation that jews had murder jesus and then also things like the accusation of the desecration of the host the totally kind of bizarre accusation. That jews would steal the the wafers from the church. You're right blood. Libel is one of a series of accusations against jews that emerged in the middle ages. And it's one that has relevance today decide was a theological belief and obviously accusation but became embedded as a believe and maybe then projected onto jews causing violence especially during easter. But it was so to speak a victimless crime. Every year whereas a number of other accusations emerged in the middle ages justice christianity catholicism where also solidifying certain and defining certain types of buildings and then there were also libels that emerged in moments of crisis such as epidemic. So poisoning of wells for instance. So blood libels one of the three medieval accusations. The so-called ritual merger. Acquisition are. Although i prefer to call it murder liable. But it's an accusation that emerged in twelfth century that claim that jews killed christian children to reenact the passion of jesus so that connects to the this site as it projection onto contemporary jews and reenactment that emerged in england and then in the thirteenth century it emerged in a new way on the european continent. And that's when it became blood. Libel that shoes killed christian children to obtain their blood. Although the very first accusation claimed of perhaps some other kind of form of cannibalism of eating a heart or something like that they reason why blood became so central is that this was the moment when the catholic church in the thirteenth century has affirmed the dogma of trans substantiation that is the communion wafer that was consecrated by a priest during mass turned into the actual body and blood of christ therefore blood becomes central motif in christian worship. So this is a moment where we have this both the transformation of the murder liable into blood libel of killing but the purpose of blood but also the emergence of not their occupation that you mentioned day host the secretion accusation that jews obtain steel by the consecrated wafer and then tried to stab it to obtain the blood of christ and both are connected in the sense that the blood becomes a even because jews cannot make their own consecrated way for they needed this blood of the innocent christian to be added to mater effectively making it into both the body and the blood of christ night but a accusation that jews stole the consecrated wafer then desecrated and blood flowed dot accusation kind of waned and disappeared after the reformation the blood libel and the murder liable kind of continued the life of their own. The reason for is is that they are related to deaths of children and to some perhaps victims perhaps accidentally killed drown children so it becomes a very intimate actually charge because it involves a death. Having a way for stabbed doesn't sound as unless you really believe what this way for means but accusing someone of a child. That may be found dead on sometimes. It wasn't even body that may have been somebody's child that becomes a very kind of an intimate accusation and very embodied accusation even that transformation from the murder libel that is of reenactment of the passion of christ which emerges at the moment when christians are beginning to liturgically focus on the passion of christ. So you think about jews and reenactment and all that stuff but the transformation to the blood libel shows you that this begins to be a very malleable accusation that can change depending on needs and the needs to came that connection between the new liturgy and the new theology of the blood and body of christ in the thirteenth century

Jason Leg Magden Tater Cunanan Medieval England Fordham University Tater Manafort Europe Magda Brawley Jason England
Surstromming: The World's Smelliest Food

Everything Everywhere Daily

07:00 min | Last week

Surstromming: The World's Smelliest Food

"There are many foods that are considered an acquired taste foods that might not be palatable the first time you try it or something that just doesn't sit right with most people. It could be something as simple as blue cheese or something like the filipino delicacy balut which is a boiled fertilized egg with the embryos still inside sweden has its own acquired tastes delicacy which has spawned hundreds of reaction videos and caused it to be banned by airlines. Learn more about sir strumming. The world smelly food on this episode of everything everywhere. Daily this episode is sponsored by audible dot com. My audiobook recommendation. Today is the almost nearly perfect people. Behind the myth of the scandinavian utopia by michael booth journalists. Michael booth has lived among the scandinavians for more than ten years and he has grown increasingly frustrated with the roast into view of this part of the world offered up by the western media in this timely audiobook. He leaves his adoptive home of denmark and embarks on a journey through all five of the nordic countries to discover who these curious tribes are the secrets of their success and most intriguing of all what they think of each other. Why are the dane. So happy despite having the highest taxes to the finns really have the best education system. Are the icelanders as fareless. They sometimes appear how the norwegian spending their fantastic oil wealth and. Why do all of them hate the swedes. you can get a free one-month trial to audible in two free audiobooks by going to audible trial dot com slash everything everywhere or by clicking on the link in the show notes the word sir strumming in swedish literally means sour fish and that is probably an understatement. More specifically sir strumming is canned fermented herring that in and of itself doesn't sound that bad. There are many fermented foods that we eat and we have no problem with them. Yogurt sauerkraut and kimchi are all fermented foods. And no-one freaks out at the idea of eating them from inflation is an ancient form of food preparation by the breakdown. Food via microorganisms like bacteria and yeast all well and good cover. There's another process of breakdown of food via micro organisms in that is called rotting serse roaming toes the line between fermentation and rotting the history of sir strumming goes back to at least the sixteenth century when we can find the first written mention of the food however the food might be very well older than that as from. It is a pretty old process. The legend of sir strumming holds that it was accidentally created by fishermen who didn't have enough salt to preserve their catch. They use less salt than normal and sold their fish to some locals and finland salt is used to inhibit microbial growth and to stop the fish from rotting. When the fishermen returned they thought the locals would be mad at them for selling them fish. That rotted instead. They love the product and wanted more of it. The fishermen tried the fish themselves and thus stroming was born today sir. Strumming is prepared. In purchasing a can while in the can the fermentation process continues fermentation results in the release of gases which means at the can will often be bulging due to high pressure inside the can the fermentation of the fish in the can result in the single most unique quality of sir strumming the smell in two thousand and two japanese study found it to be the worst smelling food in the world. The smell is so bad that it has become legendary. it's been described as rotten eggs. A dead body a dirty diaper and raw sewage but the truth is there are so few things you can really compare it to because nothing else smells quite so bad. The smell is what's made the product famous. And if it weren't for the smell it would be about as controversial as pickled herring children in sweden have been known to open a can of sir stroming school so they could get out of class. Airlines will not allow people to carry sir strumming on flights because of the high pressure in the can in the low pressure in the cabin the higher pressure differential can result in some cans rupturing spewing the smelly liquid onto the plane and. It isn't as if you can leave a plane while it's flying or open a window most famously in one thousand nine hundred one a landlord. Germany evicted attendant because they spilled a can of sir strumming in the building stairwell german laws. Make it very hard to evict people. When the eviction came to trial the landlords defense consisted of opening up a can in the courtroom. The judge have experienced the overwhelming odor ruled in favor of the landlord. If you search for sir strumming online you'll find dozens and dozens of reaction videos of people opening up the cans and trying to eat the contents. The videos mainly consists of gigging wrenching and sometimes vomiting the problem. According to the sir strumming experts is that they're eating at wrong for starters. You never want to open a canister stroming indoors for reasons which i think of established by now. Ideally you want to open the can when submerged in water that will prevent the liquid inside from spraying all over the place when it's opened alternatively you could open it while it's enclosed in a plastic bag once the liquid has been drain. You don't eat it straight from the can the herring which is put in the can. Hasn't been gutted or deboned. You need to do that. I then the traditional way of meaning it is with a swedish flat bread called tune broad along with potatoes onions and sour cream. It's usually eaten as sort of small sandwich. I've actually had the experience of trying some sir strumming and it really doesn't taste as bad as it smells ranted given that it's the worst smelling food in the world. That's a pretty low bar but it isn't bad so long as it prepared properly if you really want the full sir strumming experience. I'd have to suggest you visit the island of von in sweden's high coast. It is a center of herring fishing and it's considered. The mecca for strumming. August is considered the best season enforcers strumming. Because it's in the middle of the summer. It's also one of the best times to visit ov- on regardless the main day for eating it is the third thursday of august also known as sir strumming day. Which is the day which by royal decree you used to be able to start selling strumming. If you're there you might be able to meet ruben. Matteson who is the self proclaimed king of sir strumming. He was the person who actually served me my first serve strumming one. Is it von back in two thousand fourteen. He was involved in opening a twenty five year old. Ken of sir strumming which was found in an abandoned cabin in norway. Having been outside for a quarter century the can was quite rusted. And due to twenty five years of fermentation it was bulging a lot. The contents of the container were mostly liquid. What solid material. That did come out. Didn't really look anything. Like fish. ruben. Madsen of course aided anyhow

Michael Booth Sir Strumming Sweden Denmark Finland High Coast Germany Matteson Ruben KEN Norway Madsen
What Was The Westward Expansion?

Can We Health You?

07:49 min | 2 weeks ago

What Was The Westward Expansion?

"Today we're talking about westward expansion. Yes earnings comforting. Yes in the united states yes so in eighteen zero three president. Thomas jefferson bought the territory of louisiana from the french government. For fifteen million dollars. This was known as the louisiana purchase. That was a lot of money back then. It was a ton of money. I wonder what it translates to today. Do that just curious know sure. It's like billions of dollars. Yeah so that. Land stretched from the mississippi river to the rocky mountains and from canada to new orleans so that like mid section it doubled the previous size of the then young united states and as as soon as jefferson signed the treaty. He sent the explorers lewis and clark to find a route to the pacific ocean. Many other explorers made the journey as well and so began the expansion of the country to jefferson. Westward expansion was the key to the nation's health. Jefferson believed that a republic depended on an independent virtuous citizenry for survival and that independence. Virtue went hand in hand with landownership especially up small farms. He wrote quote those who labor. The earth are the chosen people have gone. Wow yeah it doesn't correlate to me but okay yeah right so you're virtuous visuals and land or work. Yeah ok you work. Land make something from it. Honest work i suppose. Yeah if you're thinking kind of thing you take away like what we know about him. I'm think stop thinking of him as a person and the right he wanted the country to expand. And i think he planted the seed for the pioneers. Till i look you know you can go right. Make something something for yourself. Yeah so in. But in order for jefferson's dream for the country to come to fruition expansion had to happen so he maybe the country the dream of the country came first. And then thought okay. I need to have more land People to do So while the westward expansion is one of the defining themes of the nineteenth century american history. This growth was certainly fraught with struggle and won't get into that way by almost about forty years later. Nearly seven million americans forty percent of the nation's population now lived in this area. Well they know that way from eight eighteen three from eighteen hundred eight forty k. So pretty quick. Wake seven million. That's pretty big. Most people left their homes in the east and followed lewis and clark across the country as promised they were searching for economic opportunity like jefferson. Many of these painters believed that they would find land to farm trusting that ownership would lead to freedom in nineteen eighty five. Sorry wow a lot in eighteen forty five. A journalist named john o'sullivan put a name to this idea. That helped pull the pioneers to the west. He said that it was americans. Manifest destiny to carry quote the great experiment of liberty to the edge of the continent. O'sullivan wrote that. The survival of american freedom dependent on it and it was their duty to quote again Overspread and to possess the whole of the land which the providence has given us an quote the providence of meaning. I think the providence of light. What they were given like the land that was before them. It's here so is ours to take. Even though it wasn't i mean. Is that kinda what they get this kind of the way. I remember from Es three class and talking about manifest destiny asked yeah so this became a widely held cultural beliefs which carried the following themes the special virtues of the american people in their institutions the mission of the us to redeem in remake the west in the image of the east and an ear irresistible destiny to accomplish this essential duty so was disappointed was so arranged of area. Right ideas are planted in their head. Like if you go out there you will make your money. you'll survive you'll be happy. Happiness is just. Yep exactly yeah you'll have your own lambs have all the freedom that you'll have yeah So that term became controversial. You know throughout time. Meanwhile meanwhile while this kind of happening the question of whether slavery would carry onto to the west was at hand around this time. The missouri compromise was made which attempted to resolve the question of whether or not slavery would be allowed in the new western states That the louisiana purchase sort of like you know was responsible for create Them so this whether slavery would be in. These new states shadowed almost every conversation about the frontier. The compromise admitted missouri to the union as a slave state and may had to change main to a free state had they needed to have. They had to preserve the fragile balance in congress between us owning states in nonstop hunting state. Yes i say. I'm surprised that main was asleep. At i mean because she just think of the south. But i know. I'm know an i don't really know actually slave-owning or they like the changes such. Yeah just to keep that the same number okay. Half-and-half just have to say i know going. Forward as policy was made progressing through that it was always taken into account those southern states or the slave owning states. How making sure that they get what they want. It always had to be part of the conversation. Yeah it's crazy for another strong decade. A yeah i think even on that of course of an attorney but while they're formation was been the biggest conversation sure. Oh yes right. See that the okay. So the missouri compromise also stipulated that slavery would be prohibited north of the southern boundary of missouri. So the the thirty six degree latitude line okay It couldn't be north. Slavery couldn't be north of that but missouri was north of that so i think like after missouri said that they were going to be a slave. Nobody else could that was it. Yeah grandfathered in so many. Many thought of sullivan's manifest destiny was a secret term for spreading slavery. Really yes who thought that the people that wanted slavery or did not want to read. You know the people in the north okay. They thought it was. They thought it was like a secret term for light taking it over there. Really conspiracy theory Despite the many conflicts Far more complicated detailed for wondering really what. Everybody's wondering about the food. Because that's what i talk about sure. That's what we're here for

Jefferson French Government Louisiana Clark Lewis United States Thomas Jefferson Rocky Mountains Mississippi River Pacific Ocean Missouri John O'sullivan New Orleans Canada Sullivan
On this day: Karl M. Baer legally recognized as male

This Day in History Class

04:09 min | 2 weeks ago

On this day: Karl M. Baer legally recognized as male

"Hello and welcome to the podcast. I'm tracy wilson and it's january eighth. Carl m bear was legally recognized as mail on the stay in one thousand nine hundred. Seven bear was born to a german jewish family in eighteen eighty five and after his delivery the midwife said to his mother something along the lines of congratulations on the birth of your lovely daughter but the midwife had a different conversation with carl's father saying that this newborn babies body was ambiguous and that it wasn't clear whether she should call the baby male or female today we might have described him as intersex so the family went to see a doctor and added that when they registered carl's birth they would register him as a girl and give him girls name. But as carl grew up he had a very clear sense of his own self. He later described himself as a boy who was being raised as girl and his own writing he said quote one may raise a healthy boy in a womanish manner as one wishes and a female creature as manish never will. This caused their senses to remain forever reversed and his growing up was not easy at all. He was expected to play with girls but he didn't feel like a girl and the girls also seemed to suspect. Somehow he wasn't one of them not only did he not like most of the pastimes that were considered to be appropriate for girls but the girls in his community excluded him from playing with them his behavior and his interests and as he grew into a teenager his appearance and voice were more in line with what was expected of boys than what was expected of girls in one thousand nine hundred four at the age of nineteen he moved to hamburg. He studied sociology. He started working as a social worker and was also part of feminist organisations including campaigning against the trafficking of women he was also active in the jewish service organization beneath breath that same year. He started introducing himself to people as a man. He changed stress and no longer tried to hide his more masculine physical features and then in the midst of all this. He was injured in a tram accident when he was taken to the hospital. Doctors immediately noticed that his i d did not match the name or the gender that he gave to them. When he was admitted they ultimately contacted magnus hirschfeld of the institute for sexual science which was a research institute medical facility and an advocacy organization for what we would describe. Today as lgbt rights hirschfeld described bear as a case of quote erroneous sexual attribution. He and other doctors at the institute felt that bear would benefit from having surgery. It's what we would today describe as gender affirmation surgery after receiving hormone treatments bear had a series of surgery is starting in one thousand nine hundred six and this made him one of the first people to have surgery for this reason on january eighth of one thousand nine hundred seven. He was legally recognized as mail and was issued a new birth certificate that same year. He published a semi-fictional autobiography called memoirs of a man's maiden years and he published that under the pseudonym nfo body but it was widely known that he was the author of this work on october tenth of that year he got married although his wife died of pneumonia about a year and a half later and he got remarried later on bear continued to work as a social activist in berlin until nineteen thirty seven including becoming the director of the berlin lodges of buzney breath but then in nineteen thirty seven. He was captured by nazis and tortured after settling his affairs as quickly as he could. He fled germany and moved. To what would later become israel. He lived a quiet life there as an insurance agent and he died in nineteen fifty-six

Carl Tracy Wilson Carl M Bear Manish Magnus Hirschfeld Institute For Sexual Science Hamburg Hirschfeld Berlin Pneumonia Germany Israel
Why Does the Year Start on January 1?

Everything Everywhere Daily

07:49 min | 3 weeks ago

Why Does the Year Start on January 1?

"Every year. The earth orbits around the sun and we celebrate each revolution on new year's day. But what's so special about this particular spot in our orbit. Why do we use january first as the start of our year as opposed to some other day as we go back in history. Most human civilizations did not use a solar calendar they used. Lunar calendar's in fact if you look at the traditional calendars for countries such as china vietnam or for religion such as judaism and islam. They have lunar calendars and their new year's day changes it state every year. Our current calendar can be traced back to ancient rome. The very early romans way back at the founding of the city used to have ten months and that ten months system is still reflected in many of the names of our months today. Their first month was marcus named after the god mars which we call march after march came the months of april ass- maya's and junius the months after this. We're just named after their number until he has sex tellus september october november and december so yeah december are twelve months really means the ten months in latin likewise with november october and september however. Ten months didn't really fit nicely into a year. They had two full months worth of leftover dates. That didn't really fit into any month to rectify this around the year. Seven hundred pc. The roman king numa added two more months to the counter. I annual areas named after the roman god janus and february's which was now the last and shortest month of the year for romans. The beginning of each month was called the callan's so the start of the year was the callans of march or mark. I then at some point and no one is quite sure. When the year began being counted on the calendar of i warious january went from being the eleventh month to being the first month. This might have had something to do with the start of terms for consoles. Romans named their years after the two consuls and power instead of numbering them so for example the year fifty nine bc. Julius caesar wisconsin with kelp. Biblis it was known as the year of caesar bibi however was weak so there was a running joke that it was the year of julius. Caesar it might also had something to do with the fact that january i was the callans closest to the winter solstice. Caesar is actually really important to this story. While the names of the months were very similar to the months we have today. The keller itself was still a mess. Caesar instituted changes to fix this problem. Anti adopted the suggestions of a greek astronomer named side of alexandria suggested going to a tropical year more on that in a bit and created the three hundred sixty five day year with a leap year every fourth year. So that's pretty much. The story right. The roman set january is the first day of the year julius. Caesar sets the julian calender. And we get to where we are today. Nope because in the middle ages the system fell apart completely at the five sixty seven council of tours and there were a whole bunch of different councils of tours so you have to specify. The church declared that january. I was not to be celebrated as the new year as it was a pagan tradition. What replace january first. Well nothing there were. A whole bunch of different days celebrated oliver europe for centuries. Some places used christmas. Which was the winter solstice on. The julian calendar some use the floating date of easter someone back to the old roman march first. And some if you remember back to the episode on why. Christmas is on december twenty fifth us. The important date of march twenty-fifth start of the new year eventually. For a whole host of reasons pope gregory the thirteenth the problems with the julian calender and use the opportunity to standardize the new year back to being january first for good measure. They also made january first holiday which it still is. Today originally january. I was the feast of the circumcision of jesus. But now it's just called the solemnity of mary. Of course not. Everyone was on board with the new calendar. Catholic countries were quick to adopt it but protestant and orthodox countries were not in particular. One country was very late to adopt january first as the beginning of the new year. That country was england. England celebrated their new year on march twenty fifth. In fact their colonies in the americas. Did this as well up until seventeen. Fifty two in seventeen. Fifty england passed what was known as the calendar new style. Act also known as chesterfield's act which is when they adopted the gregorian calendar. The very first thing mentioned in the act was the problem with using march twenty fifth as the new year when everyone else in europe used january first including scotland so when england finally adopted january first as the start of the new year. So did the american colonies for the first time today. Most countries now use the gregorian calendar even if it's only for business purposes to stay instinct with the rest of the world new year celebration such as ted in vietnam chinese new year or rosh hashanah are still traditional festivities held on different days all over the world. The fact remains that there's nothing astronomically significant about january first even though it celebrating an astronomical event aka revolution around the sun so if we were starting new calendar from scratch. What would we pick before. I mentioned that sausage unease of alexandria suggested we celebrate a tropical year and pick that word carefully as opposed to a solar year because there are two types of solar years and they're very similar a tropical year is the time from one season to the next based on win the solstices occur. The current years based on the gregorian calendar are tropical years. However there's also a thing known as ideal year which is when we measure the position of earth based on the location of stars the difference between a ideal year and a tropical year is very small. He said you real year is only twenty minutes longer. This can add up. However the difference between the julian calendar and the gregorian calendar is only eleven minutes per year and that caused a lot of problems over the centuries this has to do with the procession of the orbit that is constantly changing their to logical places to define a new year based on astronomic principles. The i would be one of the solstices. This is something that humans have pictured for thousands of years and have recognized its importance. The winter solstice also is in too far away from january. First the solstice really has more to do with the tilt of the earth however and not the orbit of earth there is something significant about the orbited the earth. That is a point. We could use and oddly enough. It's really close to january. First even though the ancients had no clue the orbit of the earth around the sun is close to circular but it isn't perfectly circular it's a slight ellipse hence there is a point where the earth is closest to the sun. And it's called the para helium perihelion in the year. Twenty twenty one takes place on january second the date of para helium drifts. Over time in the year twelve forty-six para helium actually took place on the same date as the salsas in the year. Six thousand four hundred and thirty it will take place. On the spring equinox so january first is the start of our year which marks astronomical event even though the data itself has no astronomical significance set by the romans abandoned by the church only to be later adopted once again by the church so as the romans did celebrate the callans of january which honors janice the roman god with two faces one which looks into the past at the old year and one which looks into the future at the new

Caesar Biblis Caesar Bibi Junius Vietnam Callan Alexandria Julius Caesar England Marcus Rome Julius Pope Gregory Latin Europe China Wisconsin Chesterfield Americas Mary
The History of Lorenzo de' Medici

This Day in History Class

04:07 min | 3 weeks ago

The History of Lorenzo de' Medici

"Hello and welcome to the podcast. I'm tracy v wilson and it's january first happy new year. Lorenzo de medici was born on the stay in fourteen forty nine. The medici family of florence was rich and powerful. They had come to florence sometime in the twelfth century although they had started out as just simple tuscan peasants but over a couple of hundred years they became incredibly wealthy and powerful by the middle of the fourteenth century. There were one of florence's leading families and they also had a reputation for being extremely adept at negotiating in the worlds of politics and money and this was through. Legitimate means as well as through things like bribery. Lorenzo domenici was described as the most medici of the medici. He was nicknamed lorenzo. The magnificent he's been described as the most powerful the most famous the most brilliant the most influential in the world of art thanks to his patronage and the most ruthless came to power in florence along with his brother in fourteen sixty nine after the death of their father and the two of them were ruling together and nine years later. There was a conspiracy to assassinate both of them and to take control of the republic of florence away from the medici. This was called the pazzi. Conspiracy the potsy and the medici were basically rival families within florence. One of the things that had led to this whole rivalry in the conspiracy was that the potsy family had taken over the financial affairs of the papacy and that was taking business away from the medici which the medici did not appreciate the ringleader in. This conspiracy was francesco. Potsy and he wasn't the patriarch of the pazzi family. But he was the one that was driving all of this. The fascination was finally set to take place during easter mass. in fourteen. seventy eight and lorenzo's brother giuliano was killed but lorenzo escaped afterward though. Lorenzo sought retro bution against olive his conspirators. There was a lot of hanging people throwing them out windows. A lot of dismemberments overall it was very gruesome and there were more than seventy executions of purported co-conspirators this whole incident though really shaped lorenzo's that his brother was dead so he was on his own in terms of his leadership at the republic and it had also gotten rid of a lot of actors and demonstrated the links that he would go to so after this whole conspiracy and the war that followed food. He had the support of a lot of the people of florence. He ruled almost as a monarch. Although lorenzo really liked to describe himself as just a highly respectable citizen anything special he and others in the family also acted as patrons to writers and artists and architects including people like botticelli and leonardo davinci among many others there was also of course michelangelo. Who was brought up partially in the medici household lorenzo domenici was also a collector of antiquities and of artwork. Basically what they were doing. They couldn't really afford to pay for the most extravagant biggest name artwork so they would find lesser known undiscovered talent of sort of cultivate them by their work for cheap. It's not however totally accurate to say that the medici family single paid for the renaissance. Sometimes they are described that way. Lorenzo was also a poet himself in addition to his patronage of other artists by the fourteen ninety s though lorenzo's health was declining the city of florence. Also becoming less and less enamored with the lifestyle that he had enabled and encouraged. This is a lifestyle that was just full of lavish festivals. in extravagance. He died at the age of only forty three. His son giovanni later became pope. Leo the tenth.

Lorenzo Tracy V Wilson Lorenzo De Medici Lorenzo Domenici Potsy Medici Giuliano Francesco Leonardo Davinci Florence Botticelli Michelangelo Giovanni
The Story Song Podcast: Classics - I've Never Been to Me by Charlene

Rock N Roll Archaeology

05:57 min | 2 hrs ago

The Story Song Podcast: Classics - I've Never Been to Me by Charlene

"If we start at the very top. I mean this is a amazing grace. The first two words are awesome. Hey lady is clearly yelling at someone a person. She does not know. Hey lady you lady cursing at your life. So there's there's a lot of ladies around and she has to identify specifically which went. Hey lady you let me. Is it me lady. But i don't know okay doesn't matter so i see you cursing at your life in your mind you're cursing. There are three scenarios in which this is taking place one. The charlene is behind this woman a supermarket tab shoulder out to the woman drop some eggs and she's like out she needs to to This woman is waiting on a subway platform. Charlene is a crazy bag lady who was just screaming at the lady and said lady is doing her best to pretend like she's turned her ipod can't possibly here. She's like shit. I really wish i had headphones. Yeah the one day. I forget my my headphones or three. The woman is tied to a chair. Charlie department really one of those. She's there against. I think it starts at one at one and then proceeds to the third one the two cursing at your life. How does she possibly know yet. This woman is curse quote unquote cursing at her. You know what what happens. Sometimes you know when like you'll you'll drop something and what you're thinking is like maybe it's been a rough day and you're just like just another thing. Maybe she's done under her breath but charlene's close enough that she can hear her speak under her breath so the woman leans like two inches behind her at all times. The woman drops something and she's like perfect charlene's like hey lady you lady cursing at your life. I just dropped my keys. we let me like. I forgot my coupon at home. This is big. This is bigger than that. But also you know what this is here. Been like walking around the city or something and then like you're you're perfectly fine. You're just you're heading somewhere and someone decided to take upon this us and be like hey smile. It's not so bad and you're like you know what. I wasn't in a bad mood before. Now i am talk. Okay thanks a lot. Stop telling me smile everywhere. I i have a completely neutral expression on my face as i'm heading from one point to another because if you're smiling all the time and then you find something smile about. You can't smile mile. Hello you'll hurt your cheeks. We got him. we're only two lines. You're a discontented mother and a regimented wife. Not your business. Sharleen eugene about how to talk to me. I wanna talk to you. I'm not. I mean you're trying to escape from my clutches to have this. I have i have to go. I'm done being run up. I just to now. She doesn't say. I was gonna talk to me like are going to talk to you to be like. I want to see you or that. You want to hear me say this is really all for me. This is all charleen. Time and charlene tells her about all of the amazing things miss and this woman admittedly has done some amazing things in your life. I'm going to stop you right there. Because she has not well some of the things she has. But what i was gonna say was. She's been kings yacht for some reason. She starts to start with the fact that she's been to georgia. That's her lead off to. This story is that she has been to georgia. She opens with. I've been to georgia and california. You don't even need to pass your mind. Even florida georgia no matter where you georgia no matter where you are in the united states. You are no more than six hours from. She just wants to. She wants to to gauge the reaction. I've been to georgia and california and the women's like. Oh i gotta i gotta crank it up in sexual in the space station. Took the head of a preacher man and we made love in the sun. That's nice Which i think she also glosses over. There is a disgrace minister yet here in the story that she doesn't talk about it all i'm guessing. That's in georgia. Georgia she is. She is a lead a man of god away from the faith and broken major rule. Yes and they boned outside so at this point the lady online is like. That's that's great. Thank you. It was very nice meeting. I'm going gonna go but charleen reaches out one hand. Ammonia spreads lane. I had things i needed to set. Advice she lets her know. I've done all this stuff. I've been to paradise. My life's great paradise equals atlanta. But i've never been to me and that. And that's you know. I i don't i don't know myself know the unexamined life is not worth living. But let me let mean take the the ladies point and she says all that stuff and i would be like this the hell's how does it help me. Whatever i've never been to me you of a weirdo either. And i've never been to paradise thing. Thanks a lot for from the ladies even as far as the highway. Malays us like. I never been to me. The ones like it. Sounds like a freeze people use like. I should know what you're saying. That's not the thing that sounds like a recovery type. Well step issue step. Thirteen go apologize chip for some step. Is i think. I think when they were writing the song they wanted. It's become a thing they

Charlene Charlie Department Georgia Charleen Sharleen Eugene California Florida United States Atlanta
Houdini Defies Death

HISTORY This Week

08:10 min | 11 hrs ago

Houdini Defies Death

"All month. There have been ads running in saint louis newspapers about a magician whose come to town quote. The handcuff king has left a trail of astonishment around the world. No manacles ourselves can hold him kings and potentates of honored him in all the world. There is no act like his. The handcuff. king is none. Other than harry. Houdini and he is indeed one of the best in the world. Everyone knows that he can escape from handcuffs from crates and boxes. He wants escape from a giant football. Everyone knows it and so it turns out. They don't really need to come see it. The famous harry. Houdini has been in st louis for about two weeks and he hasn't been filling seats at the columbia theatre. He hasn't been bringing in big money at the box office. Harry houdini it seems is becoming old news. One night. The theater manager calls into the office. Says look houdini. You've got to turn this thing around. You need to be bringing in the crowds here. You're supposed to be the best. Houdini is stung. He writes this down in his diary later. Cloth i told him. I hope you are wrong. We shall see the following week. Houdini spices up his newspaper ad. He is now the international jailbreaker and the hand cupcake and he also promises something else quote this last week new challenges and heard of escapes from all manner of manacles and enclosures. It sounds like some advertising mumbo jumbo but actually. Houdini is planning something a new track. On january. Twenty fifth saturday the audience members file into the columbia theater and sit down in their red upholstered seats. And this time. They're not just gonna watch harry. Houdini escape from handcuffs. They're gonna watch him escape from death itself today. How did eric weiss become harry. Houdini a man whose name is now synonymous with magic and escape and when his career was fading. How did you teeny embrace death to bring it back to life. You enjoy listening to history this week and won't even more great educational content checkout history at home and all new digital initiative from the history channel with virtual history lessons that roll out every week on monday. Wednesday and friday. From a diverse group of presenters. Including max brooks laurence fishburne billie jean king padma lakshmi dan abrahams brad meltzer. Kevin frazier brian. Unger and many many more history at home offers families a fun free way to experience inspirational and thought provoking content for students of all agents. History at home videos are easily accessible at history on facebook. It tv twitter youtube and history dot com follow at history on all forms and stay up to date with history at home are episode is supported by the new season of degrees podcast american scandal which brings to life some of the biggest controversies in. Us history presidential lies environmental disasters corporate fraud. Our producer. Mckanie just started listening. Mckay me what do you think yes alley. I just started listening to this season of american scandal. And it's all about the unabomber for those of you. Who don't know he was a bomber. Who emerged in the seventies and he built these really sophisticated bombs that ended up injuring twenty three people and killing three and found out that the manhunt to find the unabomber was one of the longest lasting cases in fbi history and ends in this totally gut wrenching decision. I won't give it away but listening to the podcast. It's just told in such amazing detail and it's all told him like the present tense so it just feels like you're right in the middle of the action. I can't recommend it enough. Listen to american scandal on apple podcasts. Spotify or listen ad free by joining wondering plus in the one very app wondering feel the story. Joe poznansky is primarily a sports writer. So why did he end up. Writing a book about harry houdini. That's a good question. I was thinking about this idea. That's really for me a sports idea. Which is this question of wonder and what it is that sparks wondering us. he says. The great athletes of the past definitely sparked that wonder. But i don't know if that wonder is still there. Were two santa caller too busy or navy to intelligent about these subjects. We know too much now thinking about what does still spark wonder or who and he started thinking about harry houdini. Houdini definitely sparked wonder in his own time. And even today when somebody does something extraordinary we talk about it being like. Houdini and i was fascinated by this question. Why is it that harry. Houdini has lasted harry. Houdini was a real person but he was also an invented. Character wasn't born harry houdini. He was born. Eric weiss and he didn't just change his name over the course of his life he also wrote his own story became whatever he wanted to be so at different times in his life he changed when he was born. He changed where he was born. He changed what has childhood look like which led to some confusion that lasts even to this day. Like where was harry. Houdini born harry. Houdini was born in In he was not born in the united states. He was born in budapest hungary in eighteen. Seventy four but even an esteemed harry. Houdini biographer like joe. Poznansky can be forgiven for stumbling over this question because for many many many years not of this was known. Most people would have told you harry. Houdini was born in appleton wisconsin and that he grew up in this sort of mark twain sawyer kind of life because that was an illusion created by houdini himself and many people believed it. It took an entire committee of the society of american magicians to down the documentation in the nineteen seventies. And figure out that. Houdini was born in budapest and even still lots of people think he was born in appleton. He did spend several years there as a child. The young eric immigrated to wisconsin with his family when he was four years old. His father was a rabbi but he later lost his job. And so the weiss family moved to new york city's upper east side. It wasn't a particularly jewish neighborhood and eric's father to find work he would paste up and down the room in their apartment muttering over and over the lord will provide as he got older. Eric started to show some interest in magic. Simple coin tricks and card tricks and then he got his hands on a book. The autobiography of roberto don h. o. u. d. i n. He was then the most famous petition in history reading his story eric realizes that najib could be more than a passing interest at the time. He's working at a necktie factory as an assistant necktie cutter one of his co workers shares his interest in magic and the two of them decide to start their own act and they call themselves the houdini brothers because they thought

Houdini Harry Harry Houdini Columbia Theatre Columbia Theater Eric Weiss Billie Jean King Padma Lakshmi Kevin Frazier Brian Mckanie Saint Louis Brad Meltzer Max Brooks Joe Poznansky St Louis Laurence Fishburne Unger Football King Mckay
Nellie Bly's round-the-world trip ended / First Winter Olympics - January 25

This Day in History Class

07:00 min | 11 hrs ago

Nellie Bly's round-the-world trip ended / First Winter Olympics - January 25

"Fifteen minutes could save you. Fifteen percent or more. is that shakespeare. No it's geico i here. Yeah that's shakespeare from one of his published works to be not for awakening and may give it though the batteries for fifteen minutes could save you fifteen percent or more. No it's from geico. 'cause they help save people money i hate to break it to you but geico got it from shakespeare gyco fifteen minutes could save you fifteen percent or more. Does your afternoon need an upgrade. Sexiest man took out people every day. And new podcast from iheartradio and people will bring you exclusive interviews. I dream girl my roll out and walk around naked. The latest trends plus a few things we guarantee will make you smile. Don't miss our first episode on february first and be sure to listen and subscribe at apple podcasts. On the iheartradio app or wherever you listen to podcasts. Everyone technically you're getting two days in history today because we're we're running two episodes from the history of Hope you enjoy hi. I'm eve and welcome to this day in history class. A show that uncovers history one day at a time the day was january. Twenty fifth eighteen thousand nine hundred after seventy two days of traveling by train. Rickshaw small boat steamship donkey and various other vehicles journalists. Set foot back in new york to a cheering crowd nelly. Just twenty five years old has set a new record for her trip around the world. I'm precedent it. Trip mayor famous. Well more famous wasn't her first time at the rodeo. Nellie born elizabeth. John cochran was known for being a daring reporter. Take ten days in a mad house theories nellie date in eighteen eighty seven that pretty much epitomizes sensational investigations. Nellie wanted to do a store in immigrants for the new york world a newspaper. That was a pretty big deal in the late nineteenth century but she got no on that assignment and was told to see if she could find out what was really going on at the women's lunatic asylum on blackwell's island in new york to get into the asylum without tipping people off that she was there reporting. She pretended she patient after a little bit of training and by that i mean ellie mae quote crazy faces in the mirror and deprived herself of sleep. Nellie was ready to convince people see belonged in the hospital. Stereotypes of what mental illness looks like. Aside nellie soon made it to blackwell's island and her experience. There was published as a temporary in the newspaper. The horrible treatment in conditions that she exposed lead to more investigation of silence practices yet melis. Journalism was pretty bold so it wasn't much of a surprise when she read jules verne's seventy-three novel around the world in eighty days and thought it was a good idea to do the same thing. The main character phileas fogg does but in less time so she went to the new york world instead something along the lines of. Hey i want to travel all the way around the world and write about it for you and it was eighteen. Eighty nine so to say the least. Nellie proposal wasn't met with glowing acceptance. Her managing editor was interested. But the other guys at the newspaper not so much. Nobody's done this before they said. Of course a woman couldn't do it alone being the daredevil she was. She told the man in charge at the new york world. Go ahead and send a guy and she started strip on the same day for another newspaper and beat them. Finally they agreed to send her around the world on their dime. Nellie gave herself seventy five days to travel all the way around the globe and on november fourteenth eighteen eighty nine. Nellie left new jersey. On a steamship. Headed for england in the new york world. Made sure everyone knew. She was leaving with the front page story on the day of her departure. Little did not know a journalist named elizabeth biz. Limp was also just beginning her trip around the globe but for cosmopolitan magazine. Yes cosmopolitan that petty spoiler alert. Elizabeth didn't win the race anyway. Nelly set off on her adventure with a bag full of justice plus jar cold cream. She went through italy egypt. Singapore modern day sri lanka japan and other countries. Even going off route to meet jules verne in france along the way. She's spent her writing back to the newspaper in new york. A telegraph cable and by ship. Melis travels were definitely eventful. There was a monsoon on the way to hong kong. She was proposed to by guy who thought he was an american heiress and she bought a monkey in singapore after resisting the temptation as she put it to buy boy at port. Saeed in a girl. Colombo yes nellie was a pioneering journalist at a time when they were few women journalists at all let alone those who weren't pigeonholed into the women's interests category but many of her remarks came off his jaded ignorant and even casually racist like when she called beggars in hong kong repulsive and compare the plight of us slaves to that of poor people in mexico city. Nellie was complicated. Regardless the new york world made a spectacle of all of it they printed as many stories as they could've travels even creating a contest for guessing. How long trip would take and readers devoured her worldly tales increasing. The newspaper's circulation numbers. When she landed in san francisco on january twenty first the new york world chartered a train to get her to new york where she was met by cheering crowds. She had made it back on january. Twenty fifth eighteen ninety at three fifty one pm in exactly seventy two days six hours. Eleven minutes and fourteen seconds but despite her contributions to the new york world. Her bosses wouldn't give her a race so she resigned from the paper enrolled out her sixty s going on a lecture tour in publishing the popular book around the world in seventy two days. A few months later george francis chain beat her record coming in at sixty seven days but neely continued to write and her sensational reporting lifting impact beyond the boundaries stunt journalism. Oh and if you think headlines today are super click beatty check out some of neely's headlines in the new york world. One of the standout is nelly. Bly tells how it feels to be a white slave. I'm steph coat and hopefully you know a little more about history today than you did. Yesterday you can subscribe to this day in history class on apple. Podcast the iheartradio app or wherever you get your podcast. Thanks to chandler. Mays our producer come back tomorrow for another tidbit from history.

Nellie New York Geico Iheartradio Shakespeare Nellie Born Elizabeth John Cochran Blackwell Melis Jules Verne Ellie Mae Elizabeth Biz Cosmopolitan Magazine Phileas Fogg Apple Singapore
The O.J. Simpson Trial: The Arraignmaker

You're Wrong About...

05:30 min | 11 hrs ago

The O.J. Simpson Trial: The Arraignmaker

"I want us to spend time with all of the people in the story in a way that allows us to cultivate a sense of connection with them and to see the parts of their lives that are recognizable to us and also just to recognize when they're being dex. Welcome to you're wrong about the podcast that investigates history without empaneling a grand jury. Not yet i forgot what a grand jury is. So i was just saying that. It's like a regular jury but they're all wearing ballgowns. Michael hobbs reporter for the huffington post. I'm sarah marshall your book about the satanic panic and if you'd like to support the show where on patriotic at your on dot com slash about and pay pal and we sell cute mugs and t shirts and stuff. And if you don't want to do that that's also chill. Just settle in or bounce after five minutes. But we're glad you're here right now and today we're talking about i think marcia clark. Yeah you're right. I think this episode is also going to be maybe kind of a catch up episodes and possibly a better title is the arraignment. Because we're going to do okays arraignment on june twentieth. And the days leading up to it basically the weekend after the bronco chase from a few different perspectives. We're going to bring our chorus in arraignment. Is one of those words. Like grand. Jury that i see all the time. But it's not clear to me. That i know what it is. It's the part in line order where we see the defendant with their lawyer and the prosecutor come in and jill. Hennessy is wearing a scrunchy. And it's where you stand. In front of a judge as a defendant. The charges against you will be read aloud and you plead guilty or not guilty. It's it's like it's like a court hearing yeah you. You're standing in front of adjudge in a courtroom. Take me with you rain me. We're doing a little a rainmaker. You're in a rain man. Yeah so where are we starting. So we haven't really zoomed out in a while. We've been close by with paula. For a couple of episodes now. And so i want to return to one of my favorite voices in the chorus of the series. Which is a face griffin done. Yeah dominic dunn indoor griffin done. Yeah raven klaasen so in dominick dunne's coverage of okay simpson. We have a crossover event with one of our previous topics from a vanity. Fair column called l. a. in the voce rates in the midst of all this the prince of wales came to town with a flat tire. That trip was the beleaguered. Prince was simply not a hot ticket. You left behind the scenes phoning to beg people to show up at certain of the charity events. Stars did not turn out. There was no hostility toward the prince. Early a difference per second was afraid you were going to bring it back to the stanford prison experiment. Everybody got locked basement and philip. Zimbardo is watching the crowd. The day of the bronco chase taking notes so yeah i guess it makes me happy or something that in into the story we can imagine one of the other people. We've recently talked about just going through you know peering out his limo going home. Yeah so where are we in time for this arraignment. Is this like right after the bronco chase or like months after the bronco chase this is right after. This is the monday after the bronco chases june seventeenth on a friday and then we have basically the weekend for the lawyers to crap and people to sort of catch their breath at all and then the arraignment is on monday. So does that mean that. All the evidence that they're going to present at the trial they've already gathered like the investigation period is over. No not after seventy two hours. There's there's a lot to do. And he's also the gathering of the evidence and then the testing of the evidence right. We are at the at the beginning of trial. Prep okay so they. They happened on parallel tracks. That they're putting oj on trial and they're still building the case against him behind the scenes. Yeah okay and i know that we've taken over a year to talk about it but it has only been a week since the murders. Yes been so little time for an investigation to play out. Yes we are doing a christopher nolan movie. Yes so marsha as we've talked about before is questioning kaneohe before the grand jury when oj makes a break for it and the bronco chase begins and she liked the rest of america ends up watching it on tv. She does not make a secret of her contempt for the defendant and so in the following chapter she tells us i can never bring myself to call him. Oj and golf mu and everyone else did. No one referred to carol's manson as chuck get. Even the people on my own team would talk about. Okay this an okay that. I had zero tolerance for it. Yeah and she actually has like a swear jar but it's an big jar on the team calls him okay. They have to put a quarter. And wow she says. I didn't hate orenthal james simpson. At least i don't like to think of it that way. Hate is not an emotion that a prosecutor can afford hate clouds. Your

Michael Hobbs Marcia Clark Dominic Dunn Raven Klaasen Dominick Dunne Okay Simpson Sarah Marshall Griffin Huffington Post Zimbardo Hennessy Jill Paula Wales Stanford Prince Philip Christopher Nolan Kaneohe Marsha
Storytellers: Gabriela Mistral

Encyclopedia Womannica

02:12 min | 11 hrs ago

Storytellers: Gabriela Mistral

"She was the first latin american author to win the nobel prize in literature. Please welcome gabriela mistral. Gabriella was born lucilla. Goi i'll kaga on april seventh eighteen eighty nine. She adopted the name. She was better known by gabriela mistral. As a pen name when she started publishing she grew up in a small village called monty. 'grande tucked away in the andes mountains. Growing up gabriella family was essential to the formation of identity as a writer. Her father was a schoolteacher who wrote poems and sang to her while playing guitar though he left the family when gabriella was just three years old he'd already inspired in her a love of literature. Gabrielle's mother instilled many of the young writers attachments to family. Sentimentality and home evident in her poems. Gabriella grandmother ignited a deep respect for poetic form. She encouraged young gabriella to memorize bible verses and recite psalms in her poems in later years. Gabriella recalled her childhood in monte 'grande fondly. When she turned eleven she left. The village to attend school in a nearby town. Called vicuna gabriela would later call her departure from monte guerande as her final moments of happiness a series of her chips awaited gabriella in vicuna. She come from a poor family and was subject to poor treatment her peers and teachers by the age of fifteen. She was working as a teacher's aid to help support her family and had published a few of her writings and local newspapers. One of them called the education of women criticized the limits placed on women's access to schooling when she was declined entry to a more prestigious school in one thousand nine hundred six. Gabriela found out it was because headmasters. They're found her writing problematic. They also post her stance on liberalising education and opening up schools to people of all social classes despite these setbacks or perhaps because of them gabriella had found her calling.

Gabriela Mistral Gabriella Lucilla Andes Mountains Vicuna Gabriela Monte Guerande Gabrielle Monte Gabriela
SpaceX vs Blue Origin | Space War | 5

Business Wars

02:04 min | 11 hrs ago

SpaceX vs Blue Origin | Space War | 5

"It's july twenty thirteen and in the space x headquarters in hawthorne california ceo elon. Musk is on a call with nasa. There's an incredulous look on his face really another bidder. Who else would even want thirty nine. Eight thirty nine as a launch pad kennedy space center in florida. It launched apollo thirteen's ill-fated moon mission and the first space shuttle mission in nineteen eighty one it also launched the last shuttle mission and twenty eleven but thirty nine as glory days are gone now bushes invade the pathways. We'd sprout through the crack. Concrete and rust corrodes the scaffolding nasa spending a hundred grand a month just to maintain the site and the agency want someone else to take it on. Musk jumps at the chance. The site has a pat built for launching the largest rockets. it's ideal for the giant falcon. Heavy rocket that spacex is developing not to mention the symbolism of spacex inheriting nasa most historic launch. Pad is just too alluring to ignore but someone else also has his eye on the prize. Musk assumed would be his own. Musk's expression turns to anger as the nasa official reveals the identity of the rival bidder. Bazo sauce blue origin. Hasn't even senate toothpick into space. What are they need the launch pad for then. The official drops another bombshell blue origin isn't working alone. The united launch alliance is also throwing its weight behind blue origins bid. The alliance is made up of boeing and lockheed and it handles most of the. Us government's rocket launches so the alliance's support carries weight. This is a joke. You can't seriously be entertaining this. Can you the official replies that nasa must give blue origins bids serious consideration. Musk hangs up than fumes. After years of standoff the

Nasa Ceo Elon Musk Spacex Kennedy Space Center Hawthorne California Florida United Launch Alliance Senate Boeing Us Government
#227: New York Times Bestselling Author John Del Vechicco, Army Veteran, Historian, Hiker

Borne the Battle

03:21 min | 12 hrs ago

#227: New York Times Bestselling Author John Del Vechicco, Army Veteran, Historian, Hiker

"Even just reminiscent about deployments has become a great way to reconnect with my positive service experiences. A recommend all of us to turn off. The i recommend all vets turn off the news and listen to this podcast. Thanks tanner outstanding job thunder. Six this is quite possibly the best review that i've received about this podcast so far. What you described this podcast. As is what i've strived to make it and i'm glad that it resonates in that way with you. You're right in the current landscape of polarized everything. I wanted to see if we hear on this. Podcast can build something positive based on the values all veterans. Have in common and try to help each other out in the process thunder six. I appreciate the feedback. And moreover i appreciate that you put that feedback back out into the world and if i could pin this as the as the review that this show strives to be every week i would if you agree with under six or even if you don't please consider smashing that subscribe button and leaving a rating and review on apple podcasts. And doing so you'll either be letting me know what you would like to see out of this podcast or helping. Push this podcast up. Higher algorithms giving more veterans the chance to catch the information provided not only in the interviews but in the benefits breakdown episodes and in the news releases as for news releases. During this time. The really isn't much other than that. Va and the minister of defense in israel are sharing best practices in veteran healthcare. However this episode will come after the inauguration so there may be more than a posted since this monologue recording. Maybe some key appointment announcements have already been made or not. Who knows either way you could find all the press releases. Va dot gov ford slash opie a ford slash press relle at p. r. e. s. s. r. e. l. All one word all right so. I sat down record. This week's guest right before the holiday season and this was the second interview with my new gear. New microphone new mixer so much like episode twenty two iconic sound like. I'm recording in a bathroom for that. I apologize and i don't think i have any more recordings like this. I think however you can hear our guest perfectly and that's the most important thing. Our guest is an army veteran. during vietnam. And he's a professional author who has sold over one point. Four million copies of his books is best known for the thirteenth valley and in nineteen eighty two. It became a new york times bestseller. A national book award finalist and has been described as a literary cornerstone for the vietnam generation in addition to writing books as vietnam historian he writes about what he sees as misinformation about the vietnam war. And he's also an avid hiker and blogs about hiking over seventy his army veteran. john delvecchio. Enjoy i'm going to start recording

Tanner Ford Apple VA Slash Vietnam Israel Thirteenth Valley National Book Award Army New York Times John Delvecchio
Disneyfication

American Hysteria

08:00 min | 13 hrs ago

Disneyfication

"I'm not sure about you. But i had better admit this upfront. The truth is that i love disneyland. I am so ecstatically. Happy there that it feels almost criminal. It feels almost biological almost unstoppable. Now you may not get it you may have somehow unh- hypnotized yourself from collective disney vacation. But maybe you do get it. Maybe you still sing the enchanted songs from your favorite did movies. The have somehow almost become like american hymns to each new generation. Here's a little story. I was at disneyland. A few years ago truly blissed out and dopey strolling on a bricked walkway beside a wide bed. Overflowing with pink and yellow and white flowers with fantasy land spinning. Its grand tales. All around me a castle promising a happy kingdom for once i saw a family approaching me in. The shadow of a replica matterhorn mountain near the manufactured. Howl of the wind their ten year old daughter was wearing a classic disneyland sneer. You know the one over stimulated by super-normal stimuli to the point of a public tantrum. As she got closer a perfect monarch butterfly a real one was bouncing through the air toward her with a clumsy grace when it was directly in front of her in a moment of pure rage. She raised her arm above her head and tried to slap the butterfly out of mid air. Luckily she missed and the butterfly was only caught in the swoop of the air around it steadying itself and surviving then headed toward a switch back line accepting the forty five minute. Wait to see the animatronic butterflies open and close their huge technicolor wings. In the alice in wonderland ride her. Anger suddenly turned to glee in terms of this enormous thing. We call disney. We're not going to be talking much about them. As a corporation of which there are endless things critique so as we go along today let's remember that they're unchecked capitalism and drive to make as much money as possible rests in the background instead. We're going to dive into the effect of disney vacation on our culture. How it's soften and brightened our lives in our reality at large charming us back into innocence and thus to the ignorance of childhood will look this construction called childhood and how the disney company hit on some of our deepest biological impulses whether they meant to or not disney has been presenting a reality within a reality since the nineteen twenties. A reality that mimics reality until reality is no longer reality makes sense. This is a pretty heady episode. And i struggled through a lot of virtually unreadable philosophy for this i wanted to understand the almost irresistible draw to this cartoon fantasy and why mickey mouse has become an american plush idol to worship this was and is a place unin tire world. That was first born from the imagination of walt disney. A man whose life was marked with tragedy who in a note pinned to each of his animators d- asks asked again and again that they always keep it cute. You're familiar with the story of peter. Pan little sprinkling of take very does can make you fly walter. Elias disney was born december fifth. Now a one on a chicago farm to a loving mother and an erotic sometimes abusive father. Walt would recall decades later that when his father would rage he'd hit the kids with a broadside of a saw or the handle of a hammer with his siblings. Mostly gone from the farm and his parents always busy with work. The lonely walt began creating a secret software world of his own where the farm animals tended to were his very best friends. A big old pig named poker. Who wall was known to ride around on would be the very first inspiration in his cartoon. Drawings but at home like many great artists waltz talents were not encouraged decades later. He would recall this exchange with his father that. I don't wanna work at the jelly factory. I want to be an artist. Has father replying. You can't make a living drawing pictures you need real job while working as a driver for a red cross ambulance walt and his friend known only in the annals of history as cracker got into the fantasy business. They bought a bunch of german helmets. From the army surplus store added world war one insignia to them and then shot them full of bullet holes cracker would then go down to the army bases and muse about these helmets and they're rare intensity selling them for a decent profit to his fellow patriotic americans walled would eventually land a contract job as an animator in nineteen nineteen to create short cartoon. Laugh o grams. This work would eventually inspire him to strike out on his own and create his own business with his brother. Roy laugh o grams studios which created live action films that also included cartoon characters after a series of failures that landed walt sleeping in his office and showering at the bus station. Steamboat willie premiered in nineteen twenty eight. The first mainstream cartoon that had synchronized sound with it. This mickey mouse character was a monumental and sudden success and it would provide the brothers their funding for another decade of films. And then this other worldly color of disney films would continue to rock the business to success throughout the dreary nineteen thirties with smash hits like snow white and pinocchio though these films were markedly darker than the disney films of the nineteen eighties and nineties. Most were adapted from fairy tales originally marked by extreme gore and sometimes rape. He made them a lot less controversial far. More in line with family. Friendly middle class anglo american morality. He made them a lot cuter. Disney would secure their status as a patriotic american institution when the company partnered with the us government to produce anti nazi propaganda films in nineteen forty three including one

Disney Elias Disney Mickey Mouse Walt Disney Walt Walter Army Peter Chicago Steamboat Willie Snow White And Pinocchio ROY Gore Us Government
Deepwater Horizon Pt. 1

Conspiracy Theories

08:53 min | 13 hrs ago

Deepwater Horizon Pt. 1

"Deepwater horizon for nearly a decade. This offshore oil rig was the pride of the industry. Not only did it drill the deepest well in history at one time but it set seven years safety record. Impressive in such a hazardous business on april twentieth. Two thousand ten. All of that acclaimed disappeared in the span of a single night. The first sign that something was wrong came at nine forty pm. On a hissing noise echoed through the rig below deck crew members discovered rising pressure in the central drilling pipe. Launched into action is heavy drilling. Fluid also called mud float up from the well and poured onto the station's deck despite the mounting danger. The rest of the rigs crew wasn't alerted because the automatic alarms failed to go off nine minutes later to explosion suddenly tore through the horizon. Panicked workers rush to the lifeboats secondary eruption sent debris flying everywhere enflame soared two hundred and forty feet above the deck within moments. Even the water underneath the huge drilling station was on fire. It was covered in spilled oil realizing that their efforts were doomed. The remaining crew members piled into an inflatable raft others. Having no choice jumped from the platform along fall to the ocean surface. Eleven people died in the horrific deepwater horizon explosion and seventeen others were severely injured but with millions of gallons of oil pouring into the gulf of mexico from an unsealed. Well the worst was yet to come. Welcome to conspiracy theories and spotify original from podcast. Every monday and wednesday we dig into the complicated stories behind the world's most controversial events and search for the truth. I'm carter roy. And i'm ali brandenburg and neither of us are conspiracy theorists but we are open minded skeptical and curious. Don't get us wrong sometimes. The official version is the truth. But sometimes it's not you can find episodes of conspiracy theories and all other spotify originals from podcast for free on spotify or wherever you listen to podcasts. This is the first of two episodes on deepwater horizon in offshore rig in the gulf of mexico that exploded in two thousand ten killing eleven people in dumping millions of gallons of oil into the ocean. This industrial disaster left the public with questions about exactly what went wrong on the horizon that night and who was to blame this episode will explore the history and purpose of drilling for fossil. Fuel will also run through the april twentieth explosion and rescue as well as the devastating impact on the environment and american economy. Next time we'll examine those who could have benefited from this catastrophe among them. North korea. big. Oil and eco terrorists. Ooh we have all that and more coming up. Stay with us. The fate of deepwater horizon was sealed long before the disaster that destroyed it oil drillings complicated past laid a foundation for the company's practices and culture that has decimated the infamous rig crude. Oil is a fossil fuel. Meaning the yellowish black liquid is made up of the remains from plants animals and dinosaurs. This resource was. I used to light fires around two thousand years ago in china in the late eighteen. Forty s. geologists chemists discovered new ways to distill the thick black liquid into various petroleum products like gasoline diesel asphalt and more these products were far more efficient energy sources than coal in this scientific revelation changed the economy of the world forever. The first step along the road to an oil-based future came in eighteen. Fifty seven a group of businessmen in titusville pennsylvania commissioned an entrepreneur named edwin drake to find and deliver the promising new resource up to this point. No one had figured out a way to cheaply and efficiently acquire the raw liquid. That was about to change. It took two years then. Drake and his team manage to create the first commercial well in america the strategy that changed everything was a deceptively simple one. Drake pioneered the technique of lining the boreholes with pipe to allow for deeper digging. His proved to be decisive. Because not only did it make drilling easier but it allowed the ability to collect massive amounts of crude oil at the time. The innovation caught the attention of a young john d. Rockefeller the bookkeepers saw potential in this new resource so he went into business and formed the standard oil company over the span of a few decades. He built wells and refineries across the northeast and midwest in bought out or acquired other small oil firms by the beginning of the twentieth century. Standard grew to control ninety one percent of petroleum production and eighty five percent of final sales in the united states. By this time. However the corporation was so powerful that the public and the us government greatly feared the conglomerate it controlled railroads influence legislation and maintained horrible working conditions in nineteen eleven. The supreme court ordered the oil giant to dissolve its trust into thirty four smaller entities among these companies. Were what we know today. As exxon mobil and chevron over the rest of the twentieth century oil became one of the dominant energy sources across the entire world the us in particular used massive amounts of it utilizing the resource to fuel cars. He buildings and produce electricity in two thousand seventeen well. Russia japan and india each accounted for roughly four percent of world petroleum consumption. The united states used around twenty percent second only to taxes energy revenue disbursements from resources such as oil and natural gas generate the most funding for the us treasury of any one source on top of this these industries support. Five point six percent of national employment. This is the economic paradigms that gave birth to a rig like deepwater horizon for decades offshore drilling had been a successful technique for oil collection across the world it in an effort to minimize dependence on foreign petroleum the us invested in domestic sources such as the gulf of mexico by the end of the twentieth century. The gulfs prosperous inspired waves of new drilling technologies and strategies. Sunday strips was building the horizon by the year two thousand four transocean and offshore drilling company valued at over five hundred and sixty million dollars. The rig was a technological marvel and industrial goliath. Many floating rigs are essentially giant ships. They can move from one oil well to the next. The horizon took this model in refined it using a technique called dynamic positioning which stabilized the ring directly over the well. The horizons technology also managed the bulk of pipe handling which was typically the most dangerous part of drilling jobs after it was built transocean lease the state of the art rig to be p p l c the third largest oil and gas producer in the world under their control. The advanced rig managed to drill the deepest well in history in two thousand nine and completed many other challenging projects in the gulf of mexico

Gulf Of Mexico Carter Roy Ali Brandenburg Edwin Drake Drake America Titusville North Korea John D Us Treasury Rockefeller Pennsylvania China Exxon Mobil Midwest
S16: New Year, New Me: Glennon Engleman Pt. 1

Parcast Presents

07:23 min | 13 hrs ago

S16: New Year, New Me: Glennon Engleman Pt. 1

"Listener. Discretion is advised this episode features discussions of medical malpractice as well as sexual and violent situations. That may be upsetting. We advise extreme caution for listeners. Under thirteen some professions aunt made for multitasking dentistry. For example requires a significant amount of precision and focus and people will pay top dollar undivided experts attention after all. No one wants to distracted. Doctor performing their root canal. But what if a dentist. Preoccupation was about more than just upcoming appointments. So evening plans. What if they were actually plotting a bomb. Detonation for dr glennon engleman patience. This should have been a very real concern but none of them suspected that the man drilling at their teeth was a vicious killer. This is medical matters a spotify original from power podcast for decades. Thousands of medical students have taken the hippocratic oath. It boils down to do no harm but a closer look reveals a phrase much more interesting. I must not play it god. However some doctors break that oath choosing to play god with their patients deciding who lives and who dies each week on medical murders. We'll investigate those who decided to kill. We'll explore the specifics of how they operate. Not just on their patients but within the own minds examining the psychology and neurology behind heartless medical killers. I'm murdoch myrddin. And i'm joined by dr david. Kipah hi everyone it's dr kipper and very happy to be here to assist alastair with some medical insight into the fascinating case if dr glennon engleman a dentist that went far beyond filling cavities you can find episodes of medical murders and all of the park are shows for free on spotify or wherever you listen to podcasts. This is our first episode on glennon. Engleman ascent louis dentist. Who moonlighted as a hitman for angelman murder for money electrified the monotony of his day job. Today we'll look at angelman early years as a dentist and his initial attraction to contract killing which was by a single scheme with his ex wife. In the nineteen sixties and seventies using women to entrap became his mo next time we'll follow. How engelman greed infidelity and ego turned his closest confidants against him. We lost so explore engelman. Final murders which led to his capture and imprisonment. This and more coming up. Stay with us. This episode is brought to you by carmax at carmax. The best way to buy a car is your way. Choose from over. Fifty thousand carmax certified vehicles at carmax dot com and buy online or in store with curbside pickup and home delivery in select markets. Get all the details today at carmax dot com fifty nine year old sofi. Barreira had no idea that january fourteenth nineteen eighty. Was hella. stay on earth. If she'd known she might not to spend the whole day working at the dental lamp but enjoyment was the last thing on my mind months earlier someone had planted a bomb outside her home in saint louis missouri as since she lived in fear that whoever it was with tried to kill her again and worse the next time they'd be successful sadly sophie's dread was well warranted at four forty five pm on january fourteenth. Sofi ended her workday and headed to herat ford pinto which was parked behind had dental lab. As she got in the driver's seat she didn't notice the small piece of wood with a button jammed underneath the front left tire. It was placed carefully so that when the car rolled back it would detonate a bomb waiting under her seat sure. Enough sophie started the ignition but the pinto into reverse and set off the explosive. The blast blew apart the front of the car shattered nearby windows and held the steering wheel on the roof of a six building next door. But the vehicles carnage was only half of it. Bits of sophie's body had also flown in all directions. This explosion completely destroyed the lower-half sophie spotty death from bomb-detonation can come in many forms but boils down to massive bleeding or blood loss. 'cause for major internal and external injury in sophie's case her legs took the brunt of the impact. And it's likely they were traumatically. Amputated by the force of the bomb's blast and flying metal shrapnel the exploding car traumatic amputation is when a body part is accidentally torn and separated violently detached from the rest of the body. This would have caused severing of sophie's federal artery. The major blood channel to the leg. This alone would have caused a quick death from bleeding out. technically speaking. this is death from examination which severe and fatal blood loss. Sophie died violently but instantly. This manner of death made two things clear about the killer for one. Whoever it was wanted to be sure. Sophie died they were also deeply angry with her and nobody was more. I rated sophie than glennon. Engleman a saint louis. Dentists sophie had taken to court over unpaid debts but it seemed she had crossed the wrong dentist. Sophie wasn't angelman first victim. She was his seventh. His first murder happened just over two decades prior many question where the killers are born or made and glennon engleman 's early history doesn't help much in answering that question. But one thing is certain. Before he started offering people glennon engleman loved making poland's of them after a stint at the army corps in the late nineteen forties engelman enrolled in a dentistry program at washington university. In st. louis around nineteen fifty. It was here. He perfected his womanizing ways. Diverting him from his boring coursework but his game is a so-called play a wasn't without his struggles. though engelmann was only in his early twenties. He'd begun losing his hair and his dough faced pug nosed appearance didn't exactly drawer in female. Attention noted his arrogance however engleman

Dr Glennon Engleman Carmax Engelman Sophie Engleman Murdoch Myrddin Dr David Dr Kipper Angelman Barreira Glennon Alastair Saint Louis Sofi Glennon Engleman Fatal Blood Loss Missouri Ford Army Corps
Listener Mail: The Flood

Stuff To Blow Your Mind

03:39 min | 13 hrs ago

Listener Mail: The Flood

"My name is robert lamb. And i'm show mccormick and i think we can start today by jumping right in on the first batch of listener mail which is in response to our episodes on sink holes. Ready rob. Let's do it okay. This first message comes to us from thomas. Thomas says i was just listening to your episode on sinkholes while not actually a sinkhole. The episode reminded me of an of an event. That happened while i was living in the loop in downtown chicago in nineteen ninety-two in law school. At the time and interning at a law firm on wacker drive. I had an office with a window overlooking the chicago river. Pretty sweet for a young intern. One day i was watching as a crew were driving pilings basically giant logs into the riverbed next to the kinsey bridge i could feel the reverberation of the pounding up in the high rise where i was located. Suddenly everyone started running around like something bad had happened looking toward the water. I could see what was causing the chaos. A giant whirlpool had appeared right where they were pounding the pilings within minutes. The area was surrounded by fire. Trucks and emergency vehicles then helicopters appeared after a period of time of voice came over the emergency system in the building and announced that there had been ordered an evacuation of the loop and that we had to leave the building going downstairs. I walked out into what i can only describe as a comb version of godzilla movie. The streets were filled with people and police and firemen were directing everyone to leave the loop. They had called in the l. train cars in just started piling everyone into them and sending them outside of the loop. I ended up on the south side of chicago in eventually. Made it to a friend's house and was unable to return to my apartment for several days. It ends up. That what had occurred was one of the pilings pierce through the roof of an abandoned subway. Line the water immediately started rushing in and suck the piling through the whole the whole then started expanding and the chicago river was effectively draining through the hole and filling the entire underground rail system. And the reason for the evacuations. The sub basements of the high rise buildings in the loop. The fire department was concerned that they were going to lose. Integrity of the sa- basements for buildings. Like the sears tower and like dominoes topple over. They tried everything to cover the whole but the force of the water was too strong at one point. They had put divers in the water with the large metal plate but that got sucked through and almost killed one of the divers. Finally they were able to block the whole with quick. Drying cement that is used in underwater construction. This gave them enough time to put permanent covers over the whole and they were finally able to let everyone back into the loop. This lasted for three or four days in the damage cost almost two billion dollars. Humorous side of the story is that while they call it the great chicago flood of nineteen ninety two. It was a flood with no visible water. There is also a humorous story about why they call it the great leak it ends up. That floods are not covered under insurance but leaks are so they tried to classify a delete for insurance purposes and then he Links to a wicky for the event and linked to a chicago tribune article from ninety two. Which has some black and white pictures so and then finally thomas says. I hope this blows your mind. Well that definitely did. not aware of this event. Yeah yeah me neither. This is all new to me. The great lake. I like it though. I mean i'm not in favor of the great lakes occurring and causing property damage.

Robert Lamb Chicago River Chicago Mccormick ROB Whirlpool Thomas Chicago Tribune Great Lake
Jan 25, 1993: Shooting at CIA Headquarters

Today in True Crime

04:36 min | 13 hrs ago

Jan 25, 1993: Shooting at CIA Headquarters

"This episode is brought to you by bio life plasma services. Your plasma is desperately needed to help treat those who are most at risk right now and when you donate plasma bio life you can earn up to seven hundred dollars in your first month. Become a donor at bio life visit bio life plasma dot com to schedule an appointment. Today is monday. January twenty fifth twenty twenty one on this day in nineteen ninety-three a pakistani national opened fire on cars waiting to turn into cia headquarters in langley. Virginia after years of seeing american imperialism damage muslim lives across asia from iraq to afghanistan and pakistan. The man decided to take matters into his own hands. Welcome to today and true crime spotify original from podcast due to the graphic nature of this crime listener discretion is advised. This episode includes discussions of homicide that some people may find offensive. We advise extreme caution for children under thirteen today. Recovering the shooting of five. Cia in on their way to work by near aimal kasi. The result was the death of two people and a four year international manhunt. Let's go back to the morning of january twenty fifth nineteen ninety-three as a line of cars waited to turn into cia headquarters for work route. One twenty three was one of the busiest highways in virginia especially during morning rush hour. Roughly five miles outside of washington. Dc the road became one of the go-to ways for government employees to make their way to the capital. The central intelligence agency's headquarters were along that route at about ten minutes before eight. Am a line of cars waiting to turn from route. One twenty three into the massive foreign intelligence building among those waiting to start their workday. Were dr lansing bennett. And frank and judy darling. Dr bennett had been with the cia for thirteen years as a medical officer spending various tours abroad in asia europe and south america. For the past. Two years he'd been working on medical assessments for high profile international leaders in a car next. Dr bennett sat twenty eight year. Old field engineer. Frank darling only five years into his cia career. Darling had a reputation as a problem solver and yet darling had noticed a bit of a lull in his work. The last few weeks realizing he was a rising star in the cia. he knew furthering. His education was key to his growing success so he decided to take advantage of the downtime and go back to school for electronics engineering. Sitting next to frank was his bride of three months and fellow. Cia schutte and together. The newlyweds were excited about their future. Dr bennett and the darlings were just two of the cars waiting for the arrow to turn green the sound of the turn signal in their cars ticked away. Like the hands of o'clock drowning out morning talk radio blasting from their speakers suddenly ballitser began crashing into the cars shattering the windows and embedding into the metal sides. Judy darling turned around. And saw gunman with an ak forty seven walking along the line of cars wildly firing before she had time to register. What was happening. She watched as a bullet struck frank in the back. Frank was still conscious. He yelled at judy to hide under the glove compartment. Judy did as instructed and waited as the gunshots continued for a few more seconds and then silence after a few moments judy turned and saw her husband slumped over in his seat motionless and covered in blood. Frank had saved her life in exchange for

CIA Dr Bennett Dr Lansing Bennett Judy Darling Asia Langley Frank Darling Afghanistan Frank Pakistan Virginia Iraq Cia Schutte South America Washington Darling
How Hot Wheels Forged Drag Racings Greatest Rivalry

Past Gas

01:57 min | 13 hrs ago

How Hot Wheels Forged Drag Racings Greatest Rivalry

"Within the sacred pages of the jungle book. By route your kipling. There's a tale of a creature named riki tiki tobbaco a mongoose with fearsome red is who fights a venomous snake to the death. The mongoose is described as having quote ivory fangs. Eyeballs flame the snake at battles as the strike. So fast that no. I can follow its motion animals in the story lament the deadly rivalry between the two predators. Wrote those who kill snakes get killed by snakes in rude yard kipling's tale is the mongers who prevails at least for the day. Our story today is a very different snake and mongoose pairing to drag racers born as don dome and tom mcewen let kipling's mongoose and snake their battles worthy of song or at least a podcast episode regularly reaching two hundred miles per hour in a matter of seconds added to men with humble beginnings becomes snake and mongoose not only household names but a household rivalry to tell you will need twin origin stories stories that one day pit the two racers against each other on the quarter mile drag strip down pass gas. The story of two boundary raking racers. Were also lifelong friends as well as rivals who were defined in their opposition to each other. But who individually brought the sport of drag racing into the mainstream like never before or since who were don dome. Tom mcewan the men who would become known as snake monuments both their lives remark by triumph and tragedy. What obstacles do they face in life and in racing forget to moan and koumba this is shown versus cobra a natural entertainer versus a steely eyed introvert. This is snake versus mongoose. God

Riki Tiki Tobbaco Don Dome Tom Mcewen Kipling Tom Mcewan Koumba
Episode 8: Uprising: A Guide From Portland: The Return of the Right

Behind the Bastards

09:18 min | 16 hrs ago

Episode 8: Uprising: A Guide From Portland: The Return of the Right

"News. Footage of the street fights that grew increasingly endemic to portland is trump years war on but anti fascism has a long history in the city of roses. One that goes back. Further than the reign of donald trump rose city is the oldest organization in the united states with antiques. Actually in its name. It formed in two thousand seven as part of a local effort to stop a music festival from the neo-nazi hammer skin nation. The festival was supposed to be coming to portland and rca was successful in stopping it. The organization has continued up to the modern day while its members do take place in st actions to counter fascist demonstrations. The bulk of their organizations work happens online. Revealing dachshund white supremacists and other fascists. The history of anti fascist organizing and oregon goes back a lot further than even our a though as we discussed in episode one. Oregon is the only state that was founded to be whites. Only the klan had an overwhelming presence. Here in the nineteen twenties in the early twenties. Virtually every member of the portland. Police bureau was a member. The first president of the portland police association was a former member of the german american bund. An organization established by the nazi party oregon in particular and the pacific northwest. General has held a special place. In the hearts of white supremacists for more than a century in the nineteen seventies and eighties. The clan saw another surge in nazi terrorist groups like the order carried out a string of successful attacks white supremacist. Ideologues began floating the idea that the pacific northwest might be the perfect place for a white homeland. The idea was that since the peon is already one of the whitest parts of the country now would have an easier time moving here enforcing non whites out through violence. This idea was most directly pushed by a man named harold covington with the now defunct oregon based organization. Volksfront comington coined. The term northwest imperative to describe the white supremacist drive to conquer the pacific northwest as the nazis flooded into oregon idaho and washington. Anti-racist started organizing to oppose them the group anti-racist action was formed in portland in hundred eighty seven and is probably the most direct ancestor to rose city and tepa and contemporary anti fascist groups for years the men and women of anti-racist action or a are a battled fascists in the streets people were sometimes killed in often grievously wounded mic crenshaw grew up in illinois but moved to portland in nineteen ninety-two. He quickly got involved in anti racist organizing one of the high points for fascist violence in portland history our from nominee be seeing white bulk at all and that they were to move in white communities where why people were definitely the majority. cannot justin authority but also everywhere. So there were. There were experiences. I have when we lived in small towns in illinois. Where we me and my brother would be like the only black kids in certain schools. You know And then minnesota often in a in the post restore for being downtown. You know you're black folks. So being by the time i was a teenager you know i remember going down. South like visit people alabama and mississippi and being afraid that the klan was gonna get us. You know being afraid that if we were out in the woods at night that the klan was gonna get us because the the racial terror that was a reality for our people in america with something we learned about you know and we've seen pictures of it in magazines And we are. We might even though some people directly or indirectly who've been killed you know as a result of racism among violence but police brutality or something. So you know there's always a sense of fear associated with this thing here you know and that being a teenager on the streets in minneapolis. I understood that the clan you know since early childhood and being scared in the night and stuff like that aren't good. A violent race is tear oregon. So when i was In the hardcore punk scene you know as a black kid one of the only people in that though seen in that subculture that was but When i heard the neo nazi we're coming around. I had a very visceral reaction to it. I was like wait a minute. These people that hide behind mashed and and there she you know she just go there. I just the that have been lynching us for one hundred years. These people feel comfortable being part of the community and being out front about it. But when i heard that i i had a very like i almost immediately i had military action i was like. Oh hell no. that's not. That's not acceptable. And you know being a young man And hanging out on the streets having dealt with Physical violence and be ostracized and bluey and beat up. This is part of being growing up kogyo. That's far more. You know Having to fight all the time stuff. I was there was no way i was letting that. Go down. Mike could move to town just a few years after probably the single most defining moment of the modern struggle against white supremacy in portland the nineteen eighty eight murder of moogega. Surra serov was a twenty eight year old ethiopian immigrant who lived in an apartment complex at the intersection of southeast. Thirty first avenue and pine street. His bill was adjacent to the building. Where nick hice a member of the racist skinhead group east side white pride also lived on the night of november thirteenth as rob returned from a party. Nick ice kenneth mickey and a crew of other racist skinheads rolled into the same parking lot. They were drunk and their blood was up from a night of distributing white supremacist. Propaganda the propaganda. Maisky and his friends had put up all night. Belonged to a group called white aryan resistance or war which was led by the recently deceased. Nazi tom metzger. At this point. Tom lived in southern california. But over the last few years organization had increasingly propagandized to disaffected young white. Men in oregon. The goal of metzker propaganda was to promote racial violence and on the night of november thirteenth. He succeeded according to eye-witnesses. Mickey and two other nazis pulled their vehicle up in front of sarah's parked car. The nazis girlfriends were also in the vehicle and they egg their partners on with cries of. Let's kill him. let's kill him and that's exactly what they did. Mickey hit mulugeta from behind with a baseball bat and kept beating him after he dropped while his fellow nazis kicked the prone man with steel toed boots bulgaria get a. Sarah died of his injuries. His killers were convicted of murder. They pled guilty and never face trial. Morris dees head of the southern poverty law center sued tom metzger in civil court and won a landmark judgement against him. The lawsuit established the legal precedent. That someone like metzger had what's called vicarious responsibility for sarah's death because metzger had good reason to know that his actions and the propaganda out would lead to violence. The murder of mu geddes raw was a galvanizing moment for the portland. Anti-racist community time might crenshaw showed up. Everyone knew what the stakes were. I had a group of friends that i was hanging with. You know and we were are buying with the the. Antiracist skinheads element at. That's what we wanted to be and so when we heard these neo. Nazis at organizers deals with the leadership of the clan into a gang. 'cause the white nice. We decided that we were going to confront them and we did confronted him. We gave them an opportunity to their views. We said are you guys like power and they said yeah and we say. Look the next time you see you. We're gonna ask them again and if you are still firing was off you know. That's what happens. Summit in change some of them some of them being ousted a couple of them actually detected but Before the ones that became getting up alarm violence you know a few years when five where we were little bite And it was it was it was it was heavy man in addition to anti-racist action. The group skinheads against racial prejudice also confronted nazis in the streets of portland. The podcast series. It did happen here not to be confused with my own podcast series. It could happen here. Documents the story in more detail than we can afford to do here. But it's fair to say that the murder of mulugeta sarah informs the tactics of many anti-fascists portland to this day. The basic idea. Is that if you will allow these people to organize gather unopposed. They will commit murder. It's just a matter of time in two thousand seventeen after a solid year of patriot. Prayer and proud boy gatherings and the attendant street fights they provoked jeremy christian murdered two men on a portland. Max light rail train this had an equally galvanizing effect on the city's anti-racists things of course escalated further after charlottesville and the year two thousand eighteen in the city of portland was one of the bloodiest years a fascist violence faced

Portland Oregon Pacific Northwest Portland Police Association Harold Covington Mic Crenshaw Tom Metzger Rose City Nazi Party Illinois Kogyo RCA America Surra Serov Nick Hice Donald Trump Nick Ice Kenneth Mickey Maisky Metzker
BOX297: Carnivorous Confectionaries

The Box Of Oddities

04:58 min | 16 hrs ago

BOX297: Carnivorous Confectionaries

"The unexpected as the mid and wash asleep ear inside the box oddities. I'm beginning to think and we. We touched on this before. But i'm beginning to think that we are becoming the same person and this is the most recent example of that. We were trying to decide what movie we were gonna watch Later tonight so we decided to rock paper scissors best of three. Yeah and it took us fifteen times because thirteen out of the fifteen shoots was exactly the same thing. We have the same brain. Yeah our our method of how to win one of us needs to change it up because we both do the exact same strategy the strategy just keep it the same for like three shoots in a row and then randomly change my strategy but what. It ended up being interesting shit okay. Well that's not my strategy either anyway. The bottom line is took us forever and we still haven't chosen a movie and the movie movie. You didn't tell me all right detail. I picked one. Okay fine you know. What else is great. Let you go first today. Dropped drop thumb tack hang on. Banjo will eat it. All right all right so it's january arrow for our spanish. Speaking french and january is national soup month. Holy shit you guys. Were talking about soup okay. I haven't been feeling while the last couple of days. And so i was enjoying a delicious bowl of chicken noodle and i was thinking to myself. Who came up with this magic. So you're doing the history of soup. Yeah ok okay. I'm wondering how you gonna make that weird. Of course it's odd the first person to say let's put this shit in water and cook it up like that's weird right sure. Yeah well how do you think soup is well. There are some cans in our cupboard that go back a few years all right. The oxford encyclopedia food and drink in america stated that boiling was not a commonly used cooking technique until the invention of waterproof and he proof containers. And it's likely that soup didn't really become a thing. Widespread until that method of cooking became a thing sprang. Chilled soups no prehistoric blenders. To puree that veg. So you know soup is primarily liquid food generally served warm but of course may be cool or cold and it's made by combining ingredients like meat. Vegetables stock. you know with soup is hot. Soups are generally additionally characterized by boiling solid ingredients to form a broth- now putting a date on the world's first bowl of soup is probably impossible though. I've asked myself the question many times. Is that a fact. Most sources state that soup making didn't become commonplace until somewhere between five thousand and nine thousand years ago so that's really early. Five thousand nine thousand years ago. They were making soup. Yeah and how were they doing that. You said i. It's believed that they didn't really start making superintendent insulated containers stuff roof and waterproof containers right. Which would have been about five thousand years ago. Okay i guess. I'm thinking more thermoses. Oh yeah well. There weren't any prehistoric. Thermoses now okay. So harvard university archaeologist ofer bora sef and his colleagues reported in science that their findings showed pottery in a cave in china and they estimate that that pottery goes back. Twenty thousand years so when you look at these pots you can see that they had been in a fire. And that's very possibly the oldest cookware that we know about in there was there were soup remnants in it there is not soup remnants and it's hard to know cooked in the twenty thousand year old pot when you consider that cooking can be done in the ground using hot rocks and stuff. It's really hard to discount. That soup could have been crafted. Like an animal hides in grounds stove or something neanderthals. Were probably cooking in some way. Scientists have concluded The proceedings of the national academy of sciences found that of cooked starch grains were embedded in forty six thousand year old fall neanderthal teeth.

Ofer Bora Sef Oxford America Harvard University China National Academy Of Sciences
The Imbalanced History Of Rock And Roll: Music - The Positive Of 2020

Rock N Roll Archaeology

07:21 min | 17 hrs ago

The Imbalanced History Of Rock And Roll: Music - The Positive Of 2020

"The year twenty twenty is already the tories. I how much shit could be fit in the three hundred. Sixty five days marcus. I think we just found out last year. I'm recode this is the history of rock and roll and we're looking back a little bit this week. You had the idea that we should try to. Accentuate the positives of the year. We just experienced. That is correct. We definitely need to look at some of the positives of twenty twani. It was a year like no other. It was the year that nobody had ever imagined happened. And every day when you thought things couldn't get any worse the next day said here. Hold my fucking beer. Want to step back to just before the beginning. Twenty twenty when we started hearing about this disease this virus that was overseas in was a concern over there and and it started to spread beyond a wuhan obviously around that time or maybe just before a number of the big tours they were going to be part of our twenty twenty. Were announced the big stadium tour with With def leppard in all those guys right and all these big tour started getting announced the reunion of the black rose. People were like is going to be a great twenty twenty. We had an incredible online. Everybody was psyched about what the concert world was going to be. Twenty twenty. then you hurt yourself and the last year herbie really bad. When i saw we got into the new year as cohen nineteen became part of our daily conversations. Because we didn't know much about it. When we started the year everybody talks about how different it was at. The beginning of the universe is the middle of it. I started to think. Wow if this thing is transmittable by being in a crowd. What's that gonna do to concerts and all these concerts that we just been announcing in tours and all this other stuff not to mention everything from the gigantic stadium tours down to the smallest clubs stages all threatened by this and all closed by insured. Order as a precaution. Because we didn't know anything at that also. In europe the big festivals started getting cancelled in february or early march when when they were starting to feel the hit a lot harder than we were at that time and we realized you can't be traveling all over europe which is what happens around their festivals. It's not like here. We all flocked to the closest thing if there is one people come from all over europe to glastonbury in this one and that one right so you would have cross state borders over there in the eu people going everywhere and they knew that that was going to be disastrous regardless of whether you were going to be able to go into your local pub or club and see a band perform live. They knew they had something. There was a powder keg. You have to look at bands like metallica. Who canceled their shows. You had guns and roses. Who's going to be doing. A bunch of shows. We had heard rumors of acdc in vancouver recording music which we were expecting the announcement of live tours or live shows from them. Brian johnson was seen with angus and everybody in vancouver. So you have all of that happening and it was it was like this big buildup for what was gonna happen in twenty twenty and it was really exciting. The rock and roll music scene was really brewing with a lot of excitement because of all this music all of these great tours that were coming out and then boom all of a sudden green day postponed till twenty twenty one. A year later ramstein was going to be playing philadelphia in september. And i'm so crushed. I had to miss lee miss anything because they didn't come. It's not that dissimilar. In that regard to ban member gets sick or injured and they cancel or postpone a tour except for it was every bad every tour every venue. That's the thing about what you were just saying. The stage was being set for what looked to be this incredible year in two thousand twenty. As far as the concerts they shut it all down and the conversations behind the scenes out of the papers are not good. because everybody's looking at the reality. We're all scared for ourselves so therefore we're starting to find out that we should also be scared especially for older relatives getting it. And the idea of hunkering down to prevent the spread gets traction people Buy into it and it saves lives. Even though hundreds of thousands in the us alone had been lost loosely but people start to respect what they're learning from the doctors and from people like fatty who starting to become a rockstar. There in end march when he's telling everybody truth the everyday people who come to the club who go to see their favorite band every year when they come they are also impacted. Their spirits have been impinged unexpectedly without any warning reason by this virus by this pandemic and yet they have responded in ways that makes me proud to be a rock guy. The band's understood into done the right thing even when it wasn't financially the easy thing the fans have been despite them missing all the rituals have been pretty understanding in trying to get through trying to get through protecting me protecting you protecting each other. Because they know that's the only way to get through this pandemic And vaccinations wants the vaccinations come. But there are people who are against masks and vaccinations. You fucking explain that to me or can we do an episode about that sometime. Because i can't fuck and handle it. I i have no idea why anybody would even think that because what's happening is we're learning about a new form of a mutated virus that jumped from animal to human. We're learning about all of this in real time. So we have scientists and researchers solving a pandemic in real live time so it is up to us to do everything we can keep everybody safe. We have that ability. We have that power and we have the decency supposedly to do all of that. And i remember the early phases of this and talking to friends over in europe and watching what europe was doing because they were so proactive in really making sure that people's lives are saved because their leaders were also proactive in working with science to make sure that they lost as few lives as possible and we saw before things got bad here hospitals being over one and so the rumors that i was seeing and hearing was that in europe they were saying. We'll be lucky with live music before. Twenty twenty two and they have been saying that since the beginning of the pandemic and in case. You can't tell if you're listening to this podcast from the way. We're both talking here for a couple of minutes about this. And how it impacted the the the musical flow of twenty twenty. It's clear to understand that we feel very strongly about this and we're hoping for the best for everyone that sirkin survive every one of us that makes it through is something to be positive about and that's really what we want to

Europe Ramstein Def Leppard Herbie Vancouver Marcus Brian Johnson Cohen Glastonbury Metallica Angus EU Philadelphia LEE United States Sirkin