Listen for the latest news and guidance on all things horticultural. For budding gardeners and seasoned green thumbs alike. From audio aired on premium podcasts.
How To Start a Terrarium - Little Set up, Lots of Fun
"Easy to set up Little little cares a matter of fact the less carrier give it away the better off because when you get it planted you should water it sparingly. Just things are moist then. You can cap the jug or can or canister or vase that you've put it in and or you can leave it open either way if you leave it open. There'll be some evaporation. You may have to water just a hint but this this is going to be an an enclosed environment for all practical purposes where everything gets recycled and it's just a real joy to watch it grow The one thing i would recommend s we quit doing was to turn the jug every week or you can have so that the light was hitting the plants them all the way around and i. I don't know how long that was in her bedroom. But long enough to climb a wall out onto the ceiling So you can have a great amount of fun or you can be more cautious and keep it small in the first place Any vessel clear and clear the better. It is to see what's happening inside but any vessel like that that I know if i start what it'll be in a super sized peanut butter jar that i have cleaned out. Its plastic but i can still see through it very easily so i can tell what's on inside and I don't not sure. I'll get around to it because i have a lot of indoor plants in the wintertime but a terrarium can be a lotta fun for children and adults and then even people in care centres. That don't have much space. But if they've got a window they can do terrarium and watch it grow so it's a lot of fun.
Sexing Male and Female Plants
"Our diocese plants. Well basically we're talking males and females here that there are some plants that have flowers that contain both male and female parts for example and they pollinate themselves and then there are other plants that some of the plants have male flowers and produce pollen and some of the plants have female flowers and those are the ones that get pollinated by the male. So maybe the most familiar example of a d. Shis plant that most people. Even if they didn't have a garden or love plants would be familiar with is holly we all know that the female holly plants produce those red berries and the male holly plants sit quietly in the background doing their duty. The male sprawl out. I know for most tallies. The males are not attractive plant as females. They're kind of e and whatever but they do the job right. They get the job done. They are necessary yes in terms of pollination and producing those berries. I think also more and more people are familiar with the idea of male and female plants because of cannabis cannabis is a diocese plant. Right and It is a plant that males and females. Now unlike hawley for cannabis growers. In less they are breeding cannabis. They don't want the males. They don't want their females to be pollinated and why it. Why is that because once. The female flowers are pollinated. They don't go on to produce bigger more cannabinoid rich bud. So they're they're producing seeds instead of exactly so for those who grow cannabis. They want female plants not male plants but another plant. That is dialysis that has male and female that people only want males are gingko. No no no no. No you say this. As if it's true for everyone. If i could be guaranteed of buying a female gingko tree i would be all over that because for nari gingko feeds are frigging delicious and and the reason that many people don't want female is that the fruit is stinky. Yes it is smells horrible. This is often used as an urban tree Because it's lovely and it doesn't get too large and you know it has a lot to recommend it an urban tree the last thing you want to smell fruit walk. You know in the washington. Dc area if it turns out that because you can't tell what sex ginko is until it gets old enough to fruit so you plan to all these beautiful street trees and then ten years down the road people in the neighborhood start complaining about the stinky fruit in the dc area if enough people at a certain percentage in the neighborhood complain the city will come in and cut down the female gingko really criminal. Well you know what. I hoping you were going to say. I was hoping you. We're going to say that the city would come in and pick all the fruits when he was young so that it didn't fall on the sidewalk and be a problem but no now that's never going to happen. What other plants to that are familiar to people. But that might surprise them. Begonias begonia dialysis so the male and the female flowers of the begonias. They're both pretty. But if you look at them you can most definitely see how they are different and another thing that people might not realize is dialysis is asparagus. If you grow asparagus in your garden and you notice at the end of the season that some of those plants those pretty little red seeds on the fernie. Franz those are female asparagus plants. So asparagus is another one. You know. those are two pretty common plant. I think people just don't realize that they're on separate male and female plants. Asparagus is one plant. That people often prefer to buy males and that is because the females of course put a certain amount of attention into making needs and the males put more attention into growing more shoots and so when you purchase slips of asparagus plants to start an asparagus bed. There are many companies that offer all male plants.
What's the Plant That Has Red Berries in January?
"A friend recently photographed bluebirds enjoying small red berries. She believes it was a native tree or bush with the red berries. Still present in january. Do you have any ideas on what that might be. Because she'd like to plant one well mark. I have only one idea right at the moment. And that is i have spoken of arkell berry. As as one of the names there are deciduous hollies. They lose their leaves and once the leaves drop those. Oh call him. Pepper corn size rid. Berries absolutely sparkle in the sun. It has been a real Well circus here for the last week. And a half The major bunch of of robin's command and robbins as burj. Go are fairly sizable. And they're they're picking tactics are most interesting they they first when they first come in they send. I'm going to say forerunners out and then bring in the flock. I can't count them. But i'm going to guess there's twenty five thirty birds when they get here they come in and sit on the bigger stems. Then they move out and out and out toward the ends when he tried to fix berries and and they just pick and swallow picking swallowed fast as they can and then they get out to where the the limb size won't support their weight so then they start dive bombing and then they go to a stronger branch below and pick above them if it. It's just really something mark. And therefore i think it's sparkle berry or deciduous holly. Now they're in the deciduous holidays. There's been a lot of breeding done by one particular nursery and they're they have gone from numerous named red fruit to some that are yellow. Some that are orange So it's it's a very diversity. Plant it is quite tolerant of most ohio soils. You can't land it in the stream and you can't plan it. The highest thing when the hill but in between It is not so subject to having to be acidified now to to do that as holidays. Seem to require in most cases you. You don't have to be quite fussy with them. I have three plants to two females and a male the male sits shall we say behind the females so that when the various come on the late late fall and then persist on through just this last two weeks. Now where they have been picked and harvested by the birds. I'm delighted to feed the birds. But it cheats me of the beauty. The varies but i think that's probably what she has seen however My mind doesn't take me to too many other things. The only one other than that that i can think of off the top of my head is the honeysuckle Have red berries like that. That may have lasted this long. But i kinda doubt it and and actually that would not be one that i'd recommend for her to plan. So i would say look four. The deciduous hollies called essentially sparkle berry Or or various other names but They they would be the plant that i would
Plant of The Week: Bristlecone Pine
"With a plan of the week mark is one that is of structure it is a good nature. And it's very specially grown here at my house. It is one of the oldest plants on earth as far as anybody knows they're they're assuming that between four and seven thousand years old. They won't even tell the public where the tree is out on the west coast and then there are others in the two thousand to four thousand year range. I don't know who can tell anybody's been living. That long probably is not able to write much but at the same time they can do borings they can do various tests bristlecone pine is normally in the eight to twenty foot. Now that makes it a small tree for for your consideration also on rare occasion given extreme age they'll hit up into the fifty foot plus range but very very very slowly. I happen to have one that It was ready unique. It fell off the truck when it was delivered to the nursery but forty years ago. and it's Got badly broken onside matter of fact or one side off so all of a sudden now. There's a plant this just The one eighty part. I thought well. Now here's the chance. I took it home brought it home. I finished proper pruning of it. And i planted on a west facing brick wall between my porch and garage door. It is presently now mrs about a forty year period. It's presently standing. Maybe six and a half to seven feet tall. It is leaning against the brick wall. The west afternoon sun gives it the brilliant son that it needs. Then it's the hang which. I was delighted with the way. It took a hold It's it's pretty dry. Under most overhangs and with sufficient inadequate initially it took a whole and it grew like crazy about four inches a year. and that that's one of the beauties of it it's a rather Sculptured tree now you. You could look at that as a well. Let you say any of several words for recommendations. But it's irregular it's decorative and in my case. I've trimmed it to stay along the wall now. It isn't much to trim probably every other year. I have to be sure nothing on the side. Branches are sticking out beyond about ten inches from the wall. I don't want it to be able to pull itself away from the wall. Should we get snow or ice. Or whatever on it I have only anchored in two places over the long haul and rest of. It is handled with pruning and i won. One landscape showed up at my house a long time ago and was lamenting the fact that he needed to plant exactly like that and i said well you can have mine at the right price. Yeah he said. What's the right price. And i told him and he said okay. I'll have a truck here monday morning. Whoa whoa not serious. Not certain beauty now you can grow it. let's just say you're regularly It does require son and then the beauty of it is you. Don't handle darn near any soil now not not excessively wet by any means it prefers out west growing it well. The big one is untold is a very rocky gravelly soil. Sandy When it rains which is not too often it will soak up enough water down deep enough that the roots can stay alive until the next rain which may be a whole year or some portion thereof so anyhow a very tolerant plant very very interesting and I highly recommend it. But don't don't don't plan where you need to get screening from the neighbor in short order because it isn't going to happen that way.
"Training" a Bristlecone Pine
"Why tell you what the the first time. I came over to your house. I saw that. And i'm like how in the world did he take pine and train it to almost climb up a wall and but it's so unique and beautiful. We have to get a picture of that up on our website. Well we can do that. I'd be glad to. And and i can't take much credit for it. All i did was bring home a broken and lean it against the wall and treatment about area other year to keep it against the wall. So that's the technique. I use now. Can you just go to a nursery in by a bristlecone or special order kind of thing. No you won't find so many of them like you would a scotch pine or white buying or whatever but you definitely can get them. They're they're Will now because they are so darned slow. To make up growth you will be paying a higher price for that When you think of pine in the scotch and white pine range of cost no you're going to be a good bit more than that however it is already an old plant Is one of many shapes You won't find it conical or spreading. You'll find it both and it If you don't find it easily right now it'd be an excellent time to talk to your garden center or a nursery person in your community and ask them to order wanted or or some and they. They should have some on hand at all times. 'cause it's really quite an interesting plant Except if you wanted for major streaming along a property
Why Is My Arborvitae Turning Brown from the Ground Up?
"We had a question today. From dave who says he has several mature arba vita and they're starting to turn brown from the bottom up about two feet and he's wondering what could be causing that. And what do you think he should do. Okay now maturity is is hard to Speak to without looking. However when he says larger provided that are maturing then my very first thought is as normal plants lou. Well as they grow at the top they start by age losing energy in the lower part of the plant. It just is a natural consequence is kind of like kind of like my hairline ono that any on mark There may be nothing wrong with his plants other than age I don't know how to guide him other than to say that this might be normal. Maybe can't be changed and he should sink then of short plants that he can put in front of those that is the vita and and fill in that blank space now it is again common when there's vibrant growth in the top which is expected for that lower area to out. Now this is one. You'll have to study. Because where i am not into the word topping. When it comes to plants. I have done so now. It doesn't change what is already void area however if he should shorten those plants within reason and no more than maybe twenty percent he can slow down and there's a lot of l. non science and but he can slow down the growth at the top just a little bit and therefore help retains some of the foliage at the bottom just because it causes the plant to grow in a little different way. Now we're not talking about cutting them in half anything of that nature and it isn't a one hundred percent situation but i know that can help Then it comes to shade. If these maturing plants are in more shade or something in front of them Do against the sun's exposure that lack of light or reduction of light can indeed cause a plant to simply shall we say move on with top growth Shade can be a factor. I seriously doubt that there is a disease or insect however it is possible. So do the do the bag worm. Check for sure looking to see if they're not eating things up as they shouldn't Check on spring growth and on a calm day but a piece of white paper under that lower foliage and smack the foliage a little bit let the debris fall on the white page then in. I don't know if i were ten seconds. The little spider mites that might be in there we'll have righted themselves in hanging onto the paper. Then just tip the paper enough to let the extra debris fall off and then if you see little spots that are moving and these little spots will be smaller than the period at the end of a sentence but you can. You can rub your finger over them. And if you see a red smear you know you've got a treat for spider mites then The other thing just as keeping them. In good growth maturing plants Have a greater distribution of energy inside the plant in terms of from route. Two top just be sure that they may be are lightly mulched to keep the soil somewhat more moist and cool in the summertime Those things i bail. I'm gonna go back to the fact that the are. This is just an aging factor. Now there can also be bunnies which is not likely at all but bunnies and things that will eat the lower foliage so he he has to check to see whether it's just simply dead or whether it's been eaten and bitten off.
Use Lighting to Make a Dramatic Statement in Your Yard
"One of the things you wanted to remind everybody about his not to forget about lighting features when it comes to planning your landscape tremendously so mark. I have lighted my gardens over a very long period of time and then done same for others. there was the day when there were not any solar lights or very very very few that you did have to wire the whole thing and certainly that is still an acceptable way of doing things. It's it's far more permanent. And so on. However i have gone After the old electrical system Got to say well boondoggle the couple of times. I went to the soldiers. And i'm having good luck. The its it's less light but it's also significant amount of light on the ground or to be seen from a distance There are all kinds of solar fixtures I have found several of well many of mine to be in their fourth year at this point so even though they are not particularly expensive. There are twenty two in my backyard from Walk pathway lights to the edge of the patio lights then some that are simply outlining the edge the bids. I have several that. Are you put in the ground. And then turn the head upright so under light. Three different small trees It it is not something that you look at all night long however some of them can last that long but in the evening when there's snow on like we have here a while back now. The interesting part of that was the day of the snow. There was plenty of late and charged them all up so the next morning and that evening there was a good bit of light under the snow and the following day. The snow is deep enough. They didn't get much light at all so there was not much deceive however One particular. Plant that i looked at Whenever we had that last snow it was under. The light was under lighting so it was sending late minimal light but it was sending it down the snow and then up under the branches of a little kind of a a low spreading plant and each of those little limbs twigs and all had about an inch of snow on them. That would handle that then. It stayed cold enough for. I think two days. If i remember right that they stayed that way and then to be to be night lighted to be dutiful in the daytime And you don't need to shovel a path of that thing. You can see it while you're sitting by the fire in the evening if you're looking out right but lightning is a significant advantage in terms of the visual and then on certain walkways and i was at home the other day where. The walkway is sharply angled relatively to narrow and so on and to have some pathway lights there to help conduct people's walk into the house would be very welcoming and then sometimes had a turning point like that you can add a few low shrubs under the lights that when people are leaving your driveway walking toward the house there they step into the entry situation when they come to that point in the sidewalk there directed by the lights and the low shrubs day and night up to the front door so adds to the size and nature of the entry way and is a total complement so Aiding patios lighting up under trees way back in time. I made some hanging lights that i put in a giving tree now. This was with with hooking up to the versity but being a non electricians. I decided to quit doing that when we changed homes so that i wouldn't murder myself but You can do all kinds of things. That are very very interesting. Well think about it this time of year and even to the extent. If you have a display in the store that you can work from The solar lights can be pushed into the ground on little harpoon. Like point most anytime that. It isn't frozen so you can do that now. And you'll find great enjoyment and evening even if you only look out three times in a whole evening and don't spend more than thirty forty seconds doing it. It's very worthwhile to light the yard. I even i. I have a real farm situation here right in the middle of town but i even can see the raccoons walked by between me and the lamp when they go across my backyard. That's good or bad but to to To know that you have country situation in town isn't all bad except for the destruction of the roses.
How Can You Prevent Rose Rosette Disease?
"The rose rosette sounds like a real nasty problem. Market is when it builds a population. And and oh that takes me to it thing Most of the time and for a long time now. The multiflora rose has been highly condemned. It was brought in to Be cattle sensing It does that it also then has lots of bloom that harbors tremendous numbers of this Rose problems the rose rosette. So if there's anything anywhere near with the name of multiflora rose get it yanked out and just dispersed from the property. And i hope then we'll have a successful gardening year again and i know a lot of times You say that When you are maybe taking branches off of a diseased plant you need to take precautions to make sure you don't spread that from plant to plant. Yes mark the the it definitely so as another another factory in that when you do cut the roses down as the as i think they should be Your opening them up so that airflow through them will be better and it will indeed nurture the rose itself much better. It in these little guys are so extremely tiny. You'll spread out their ability to get from place to place on plants and plant to plant If you can control the win which is very difficult thing to do but anything you can do to prevent this little. Rascal is good and Tidy garden area Reducing them wind possibilities if you can Nurturing the plants that they grow well. I can kind of defeat their own problems. Sometimes all of which will help with a situation like this now. As i mentioned though more roses for at least three years maybe even longer and i will have to double check that one but at the same time you should be able to brill other plants in there that are not susceptible to this creature. He's starting this spring early. Whatever because they well fortunately plants of one kind that can be ill from various reasons are not subject to passing that same disease onto a different species even standing right beside it so there is room for change and advancement so Lynn stopped the roses. Start the other things and enjoy.
Plant of the week: Snowberry
"With plants of the week are are. I'm going to glorify a rather common plant. But they do really cause themselves to be considered at this time of year. The first one and one that is most easily seen by me at a distance is common snow berry snow. Various well named they look like little tiny snowballs they're they're about the size of a fat cranberry There a definite quite they're soft and mushy ag members. A kid crushing them Hoping they would pop but they didn't. So i quit doing that. But at the same time. I was taking out the the big canister for the trash truck the other day and and necessarily walked by on the north side of my house this little plant that during the flowering season. Things wouldn't show up very well right now however those little white berries points you look down on them against the fallen leaves beneath them are really quite remarkable. And then I've mentioned before my my slight handicap in terms of seeing red real easy. There is another plant. That's a cousin to that. Called the indian current corollary now indian current carl very. We're very just slightly. They are both if you want to jot this down hang on. They are both symphorien carcass. Now if you need me to spell it for you mark but at the same time Snow buried and the coral buried are gonna hit three to five feet of five probable maximum. I don't think we were seen him over. Four they are a plant that you would not think much of spring through now. They do flower. They floor quite profusely. But they're little tiny flowers and nothing. That's gonna stop traffic kicked out. But at the same time they can handle the worst of soils. The only thing you can't do is put them in a pond. They handle ond at all. well Handle are ugly claes. They'll handle limestone Temporarily but very temporarily they will stand in a a puddle as long as it pulls doesn't last too long they're very Easily trimmed You can do it the hand of course and then the electric's can do it take. Take them down to maybe five or six inches tall in the very early spring. Carry off the brush and then they'll come up and like many plants. Do they flower on new tissue so as the stems grow. Flower buds develop and then soon comes the beginning of the fruit and the fruit doesn't really show. I don't think at all until into the cold part of the year and then right now when there's absolutely nothing else in that area of any interest whatsoever. The little white varies and the little bow purplish pink. Berries are just fantastic. I made a book adam yesterday. The boat would not would not be anything remarkable for easter but at the same time right now sitting near the kitchen sink spreadeagled out as they are hanging down showing their color. They're a bit of a delight.
A Deep Dive into Aquatic Plants
"That's a really exciting trajectory. And that's really cool that you really early on saw that connection between water and aquatic plants and to me. It's really interesting. Round because aquatic plants both are influenced by water quality and can wander quality so the two are hand in hand and unfortunately even professionals in You know. I have told the story before. I came from a a nonprofit background that was into water quality and they just scoffed at the idea that native plant communities more important. So it's it's not a connection that people easily make but it's so important for both species and water right ensure as one of the things i've encountered is that i would be on a pond working with a student people walking by and you would hear comments about all. That pond is just all of nasty. Algae at i'd be like actually there's no algae here and it would usually be covered in something like duck queens or full of coon tail and a lot of time. People look look at a water nature. See the plans. But they think they think it's algae under call it Weeds or hans. Come so there's definitely this you know. Some negative not towards aquatic plants and a my goal really is to share with people. You know how cool these plants are and as you said. There's this connection with water quality. Such a great goal to have and yeah i. I was waiting to hear how long it would take for pond skunk to mentioned at some point. Because that's the thing. I hear repeated time and time again and until you really get a chance to throw on a pair goggles or canoe or kayak an area that has a really healthy aquatic plant community. I can kind of understand that because if you're just used to like sort of overflow ponds or farm agricultural ponds sometimes they can look a little bit like pea soup but when you see those communities when you see a really healthy thriving underwater plant community stunning and amazing But it's also this evolutionary marvel because even though everything came from the water if you're an aquatic flowering plant at least you didn't start out in the water. They're kind of the whales of the plant world. they they moved onto land adapted to that and then kind of moved back right. Well actually. I was doing some reading today his i. I'm really interested in in this question. And so i. I was reading to really sort of heavy paper about the evolutionary history of aquatic angiosperms and one paper this one i think he mountain twenty six t in and they they present these two hypotheses. One that there's these plants that are in aquatic orders where they don't have any surviving terrestrial relatives and still. They're thinking that these plants that are in these truly aquatic orders. Their possible origins are aquatic and possibly from early cretaceous period. And then the other part of this is that there's plants that are in aquatic families and aquatic genera- but there are from terrestrial orders and and these plants. They think evolved from terrestrial ancestors that adapted to aquatic environment. So there yet. So these two groups so plant. Some aquatic orders that have aquatic origins. Eventually an implants that are in aquatic fees or quasi general. But they're from russia or news and severe ones that would evolved from terrestrial ancestors how to read another paper. This one was published in two thousand and three but it was a little bit over my head. I feel for the general sense that there's these these two sort of thinking of this quiet orders in plants that came from terrestrial orders so this is all
Seed Shopping With Nate Kleinman
"So to give people the history of experimental farm network. I'll share the link to our chat last year so they can dig a little deeper The transcript of that show so we don't repeat ourselves but very briefly. It's more than a seed catalog. I mean really. it's much more than a seed catalogs. So what's the quick elevator pitch on what you do so we started in twenty thirteen and our purpose is to facilitate collaboration on sustainable ag research and especially plant breeding we are really focused on developing perennial staple crops. To help with fighting climate change things like perennial grains perennial oilseeds Perennial vegetables and The seed company side is what funds are work. We don't really reach out. Seek grants and much in the way of donations. Were really focused on being a sustainable nonprofit cooperative through seed sales so we really rely on Exclusively on on selling seeds and We do a number of other projects as well. We we work on remain creation projects returning seeds to the people from whom they came originally We do we do quite a bit of Food justice work and we At the beginning of the pandemic we started an organization called the cooperative gardens commission which worked all of last year to provide free seeds to folks and to help facilitate resource sharing to get people the resources they need to grow food themselves and that continues the collective that that is running cooperative gardens commission is still still going we just released twenty twenty report a forty four page document on our website coop gardens dot com and Yeah pfm just really started our seed catalog the other day not that you're busy or anything. So they'll give the links to all of that all of those different things as i said so. I know i shouldn't have any interaction. Probably even if mentioned that green fleshed winter squash. Because i think it's already sold out. But when i saw you post a photo of it on instagram awhile. Back split into in there. It wasn't kind of looked like a butternut but it was green inside. And i thought what in the world and i think it helps from like guatemala or something but it just spoke to me about and that's why i got back in touch with you. It has spoken about like all these oddities and wonders of genetics. And that you have these growers breeders selectors curator sort of care people caring for all his genetics and So tell us about some of the other wonders of the world that are in the catalog this year. Thank you yeah. We're very excited about that. When we really just wanted to get it out there. And i can't say i expected it to sell out in the first day i be popular but that that exceeded all my expectations and is truly beautiful. Beautiful squash This year we are. We are released. I think one hundred and forty six things that we have never had in the catalog before Some of them. Nobody had in any catalog before. So we're really excited about that We have we have quite a few in the in the grains category this year including number of upland rices or lowland rice that will grow in dry areas and in northern areas. We have a rice from poland and other couple from japan. One from russia and We're just thrilled to be offering these because rice's Rice's really great crap and it's actually something that homesteaders can grow on a on a relatively small scale. It's still produce of calories themselves
All You Need To Know About Earthworm Castings
"Are going to talk about earth. worm castings aka earthworm poop. You know it's interesting castings as sort of a It's it's the standard term for the excrement from earthworms. It's what they cast aside. I guess that's where it comes from. It's a very interesting thing. It's like many manures and this is earthworm manure. Basically it was what we're talking about Like many manures. It has fertilizer value for plant. But earthworm castings turn out to have much more value as well. I feel like castings is a euphemism because nobody wants to say poop but there you go. I remember hearing about them. I probably ten or fifteen years ago. They're much more mainstream now. And at the time. I worried about using them in house plants and i realize now that that was an unfounded concern. Using the castings in in moderate amounts as a fertilizer is perfectly good for house. Plants isn't it. I mean this time of year. That's what people are thinking about. It is wonderful for houseplant. Wonderful for for most plant. Its first of all one hundred percent organic humus all right but the basic thing that makes it different from many other Fertilizers i guess. You'd say organic fertilizers is. There's a rich microbiological community going on in earthworm castings. That is good for your plants. Well tell me more about this microbiological community. Do you mean micronutrients or do you mean. Living things in the castings well. I mean Bacteria first of all But good bacteria right. That's number one number two. In terms of fertilizing value they are rich in iron sulfur calcium nitrogen phosphorus and potassium right but they also are believe it or not not all readily available to plant apparently in the process of going through the earthworm the castings get coded with something that makes the ingredients available to plants very slowly. Wait a minute. This is like nature's time release. Fertilizer is what you're telling me exactly. That's exact- that's fascinating. What is it nature this time. Release that is a wonderful thing. The people who have studied this and by the way earthworm castings have been extensively. Studied at ohio state at cornell. University uc davis and one study at cornell demonstrated earthworm castings suppressed damping off disease in seedlings. Wow all right. And they naturally degraded the protective covering of some insect pests so they dissolve the insect pest from the in. Yes so love that yes. At ohio state university they found that earthworm castings enhanced seed germination plant growth flower and fruit production. They curb to certain plant diseases. Including root rod and crown rot and inhibited. Insect pests including mites aphids. And mealy bug. This is like way more than just a fertilizer. Then it's kind of a magic pill a one thing you know. I wondered about is. How do you know how much to apply. And from what i've read. Apparently it's it's difficult to add too much. I mean you don't want you don't want a plant in solid worm castings but but it's something that you can apply regularly without worrying that you're going to burn the fine roots of your plants. Which is concerned with a with a commercial fertilizer. Yeah i think you know for the general rule that i use for house plants and we're thinking now in the middle of winter about plants indoors but the general rule that i use is about a quarter of a cop cop four a container that somewhere between six and ten inches in diameter.
How To Grow Dahlia From Bulbs
"I have dal youtubers from this year. That were planted in a pot. Can i store those for next year. Well the answer is starting with. Yes definitely now. It'll depend a little bit on what she has in that pot. I've never studied them precisely. But there are Dallas that our annual the you buy them in spring as a little start planning the ground. They'll get oh maybe up toward knee-high so why beautiful colors flowers probably not any more than an inch and a half to two inches wide etc. Those i'm gonna call as an annual at least for me. I've never been able to dig in divide and save those over. Because i have tried it Just to cut down expense and then as an interesting challenge but then we come to the larger dallas. The ones that'll stand anywhere shirt pocket to Over your head. Those are usually of a larger flower a larger growing plant and so on. Those tubers are very savable. Now i have on one occasion. Only but i kept them in the tub that they were in. Let the whole darn thing. Dry down real well and stuck them in the garage on the inside wall where it well. He doesn't freeze gets darn cold but doesn't freeze and i i was able to restart them in the spring i would however if you've paid good money for them on their particular prize for you i would Well in most cases i would get them out of the ground starting now or right after the very first freeze or frost we have Let that top be killed then. Dig them Well carefully knocked the soil off of them. I should say pick it off or whatever then once they're dried down you can kind of wrote them in your hands and get him cleaned up. I would put them in. Well no more than three dollars or three tubers in particular potato sack. Now i'm using that as a thought to Let's say that you can do it this way. You also can from the grocery store pick some flat tight boxes that come We'll usually with berries. And so on and the you you can lay the dell youtubers on the bottom of the box. I would put something between the excelsior ships of newspaper. Whatever between them so they don't touch so that they won't spread of disease they won't get wet mushy before spring. Keep them and i. I have done this My family room is over a crawlspace crawlspace. It might drop down to the low fifties but that's about as low as it gets and they have wintered over there quite nicely. They'll shrivel up a little bit. You want to be sure you get him cleaned off so and you want to be sure. They're dry before you store them but that'll work. And a in addition to tadao dally tubers or or whatever. You wanna call emma. What what other plants would you be with right now right now and and because they've had a good summer the canas are subject to that now every once in a while canas will live over in the ground. I don't trust that if i have a particular variety I wanna bigham the same way. You would the dally.
How the Pandemic Has Highlighted Our Need for Nature
"So let's get started. I have ten insights to share with you for the year to come. I'm calling are twenty twenty one. Slow flowers floral insights and industry forecast report in pursuit of nature. A you can understand. Why right as we enter. Twenty twenty one at least in the short term. Not much will feel different from the past months. And if there's anything we've learned since mid march of two thousand twenty. It's the essential and irreplaceable role of flowers and plants for our survival. And that's why. My outlook is deeply connected to humankind's pursuit of nature. And how floral entrepreneurs like you cannons should tap into and enhance that. Through your efforts. I learned about the term biofuel. Iaea in october of two thousand and nineteen when i interviewed tom. Pract and sarah dakin of grateful gardeners. Tom is a big advocate of by affiliate any opened my eyes to its relevance as we make personal and business decisions that impact our planet's survival. He discussed the definition when i interviewed him. But here it is again a to. Miriam webster a hypothetical human tendency to interact or be closely associated with other forms of life in nature by affiliate. Well all you have to do is read the headlines of twenty twenty to see a collective shift toward nature plants the environment and yes flowers. A recent article in the washington post caught my attention. The headline reads the isolation of the pandemic caused her to form a new an intense relationship to nature. She was hardly alone. It went on to say the benefits of being outdoors for your physical. Mental wellbeing are well documented but in this corona virus. They may be immeasurable then. I saw forbes headline reading nature is good for your mental health. Sometimes i'm not sure what that means. The university of washington showed this research dose of nature at home could help mental health wellbeing during covid nineteen. The report stated studies have proven that even the smallest bit of nature a single tree a small patch of flowers a house plant can generate health benefits wrote kathleen wolf a uw research social scientists in the school of environmental and forest sciences. She continues look closely in your neighborhood and the bit of nature. You may have taken for granted up until now may become the focus of your attention and help you feel better.
Dealing With Lawn Weeds
"Suddenly i have much danny lines in my yard. Can i use a weed killer this time of year. Well by all means yes now Some advice annette the weed or weeds. Different kinds will actually kill better when they are growing right now most things and looks at some dan. Line my own yard yesterday. What is making my tour The driza bone and yet even though they a very deep route. I would recommend watering the lawn Well three three hours in each place you water. Get the dandelions buckhorn and at center a growing or at least functioning shall we say and then it will absorb the weed killer better And the the the follow up would be roughly ten fourteen days later and that of course put us well into october. But at that point hit him again weeden feed or just a weed killer and they may or may not look dead. They'll they'll probably curl a little and look where non dead if you will your but at the same time usually on that and clover and oh come on little blue flower anyhow it. Those craters can look like they're alive going into winter then they suffer with the winter in a normal way. Shall we say they don't show up again in the spring row ever if they do show up again in the spring right while they're starting to recover put not the new light. Green leaves grass growing. Everything's looking great. Hit him again. Because some of these things with the deeper route and a really significant factor rascals to get killed and you you don't necessarily get a one shot does all type of thing now if you have quite a few weeds in your lawn this year and you're gonna do your fault meaning can go ahead and use the type of fertilizers. Fertilizers that also have the weed killer it means and there's where Well those are usually dry blends and that there's nothing wrong with that except that you want the kernels. The whatever it's bound on as they fall out of the spreader you want him to stick to leave. So i would definitely get up really early in the morning while there's do run spreader then use your old shoes wet feet before for you. Get very far but Yes by all means a weeden feet as a matter of fact if it would be good use weed feed this time of year.
How To Grow A Spider Plant From Cuttings
"My friend gave me a cutting from a spider plant. I put it in a vase with some water. But i'm not sure if there's a better way to get it started will probably not now if you're in the nursery business you'd you'd be doing a little differently but as far as home starts are concerned. that cutting and i hope they left just a little bit of the base of the stem on. I'm trying to remember right now whether it whether it sends out new tissue from that stem or actually to base the cluster. In any event. I think on her circumstances. That's the best thing to do now. The one thing that You had to be a little bit careful of. I like to put cuttings in in water such as that in an east window where they will get enough sun in the morning but the intensity of the sun is not so high because that plant right now probably has no way to actually pick up much water so you don't want to cook it so to speak in the hot west afternoon sun and and it's just a i find it where i don a comparison not not a studied when but at the same time i i have a little better luck starting plans to like that in east sunny situation morning only then just bright light the rest of the day because the plant has to continue to make food which requires some water in order to put out new shoots roots. That is well then then shoots so Yeah that's the only thing i can tell. Her is probably a east window is the best. Could you go ahead if you wanna to and start that in a like a medium will you could mark. But i've i've never done that. As a matter of fact if i had a greenhouse a bench had sand in it or a really good mixture of soil in san and so on And bottom heat from whatever source. I would say you might get faster Unit greenhouse by doing it that way but as far as homeless concerned i'm. I'm well relatively big on on the cuttings in a glass. Just don't let the water evaporate away from it because those little tiny new routes are. We'll be insulted heavily and gone. How do you know what it's time to move it back into a media cape that that's a darn good question mark and i would say Just to give a measurement to it anytime. The root is a half an inch or more in length and several of them hopefully I would say you can put it over into a soil medium. Now here's where it gets a little tricky. The root is growing differently in the water than it will in the soil medium. And i don't know how to explain that. I don't know enough about the physiology in the first place but i don't know how to explain other than to say. Put it over into a good potting soil not not regular garden soil. A good potting soil that will drain stay moist however And and then be cautious because routes aren't very deep in the pot. Don't let the top of the pot or the soil in the top of the pot. Dry out Because the plant has to kind of step back and and redo some cell changes in there so inch is a good length of route. I have ever on spider plant povo said and various other things that i play with I just stick them in a glass and one. The route serve really obvious from several strides away. That's when i move them. That just makes a lotta sense. Well in a way it does yes at and at the same time. It's hardly very scientific. No great rule of thumb. Hey i can see the roofs. That's right yes or non kurt non-dollar s sets right yeah.
How will last year's rainy weather impact us next season?
"With the rain that we had on new year's eve we set records pretty much all over the state rainfall. Yep it was the wettest year on record so my question is Even though we don't know what's ahead. What impact will that have in the spring. Mark it I don't know that it will be identifiable. And the reason for that being that as the tops of the trees go dormant so to do the root systems. Now that doesn't mean they're totally dormant because We we kinda pray for rain in the fall not quite as much as we had because water in the soil freezes at thirty two wonderful. We've known that for years now for us with the tender skin running the body temperature ninety eight six Thinking of ground freezing the top few inches or more is Quite destructive in our mind however at thirty two degrees when ice forms. It insulates the roots. Now being insulated does maybe keep them a little bit more viable in terms of of respiration. But i i don't think this amount of water. This time of year will impact too much now. If at the point of spring we get into The plants trying to grow the saps running in the maple trees and so on If we get into a tremendous of rain then when the plant is physiologically functioning. There's no leaves you. You could expect there to be some impact but right now and i have seen water laying in Well flat spots well. Not quite flat spots If for the last several days now and that indicates that we've had a great plenty certainly some of that will last a lot of it will drain on through as his normal but as soon as it freezes then those routes will be in a block of ice which to the root at thirty two is a blessing because at twenty nine just three degrees less than that when the roots freeze dry because there's no installation from the water freezing and insulating them. You can have major root damage.
Plant of The Week: Plants with Variegated Leaves
"Time for fred's plant of the week. Well i'm going to vary that in terms of variegated plants now plants in this case are all pretty darn well dormant where we've had no snow. We've had freezing temperatures. I think the game is over as far as growth of concerned matter of fact. I'm certain that it is. I've watched a few things especially rhododendrons. When it gets cold enough there leaves will roll up like a little fat cigar. Well when that happens you know the game is over. Fires yearly growth is concerned however it does give us something to look at As i mentioned rhododendron. I do have a variegated leaf. Rhododendron quite outstanding this time of year because pretty much everything else. Well it's in with other rhododendrons but they're all green of various shades and this one stands out and then the you wanna miss family if you can pronounce that. I won't ask you to spell it but if you have wants that is variegated It can lay on the ground and be variegated again. Climb trees it can climb sides of buildings with some help And on a rough brick. It doesn't need much help. it can do. Its own thing there. There is little plant that i keep speaking of almost every week. Lamb lamb is finished flooring. Well i did find the color of one little flower pedal but that was it It however has speckled leaves. It has green and grey leaves. It has various things. There is a variegated guga. Then we have the think of is that used to be. well let's just say Entirely used in hanging baskets that would be taken in or allowed to die. Hang whatever during the wintertime. It is now in our winters in the last several years for vinca to live over and it is really quite attractive at this point. Now it's strong enough. If you walk through it catch up. Over the top of the arch of your foot it'll trip. You enjoy it from afar if you need to or else be very
Cold Frames With Kini Jabbou
"I hope you're writing a book called that we can expect to come out next year. Yes i'm working on. And so i should say. Of course we'll have a book giveaway on with the transcript of the show on to garden dot com of your new book. I don't know how you manage to get this done. In addition to everything else. I don't know honestly but it was really fun to write and sort of revisit the whole season extending as well as you know the many other reasons besides harvey and cold weather So yeah this was a fun project for me for kept me busy. And it really is not against the instruction not just season extending but it's like insect prevention. It's like all of the uses for these sort of barriers and enclosures. And so forth right. And there's a wide range of of gizmos that you have gift moses. An underrated word. I'm going to have to steal that margaret on Yeah for sure. I mean i garden and nova scotia which is dear country as is of course much of the us and canada. And i deal with your every single day. I mean. I would note for a run in my neighborhood yesterday and had to stop. Let four deer walk across the road in front of me And they were probably on their way to my garden But yeah everything from deer and groundhogs two rabbits to cabbage worms and slugs and flea beetles and potato beetles and cucumber beetles. So there are a lot of reasons to consider covers. I think most people automatically go to season extension and protecting from cold weather. But you know. I use them in so many different ways to not only protect my food from pests and cold weather but even grow healthier plants in the end have larger harvest because those plans have been protected. You know and they're able to produce better so there are a lot of reasons to sort of. Consider yourself an undercover gardner right so in the introduction. I also said i was asking questions for friend. Oh yes my friend. Do you know how that is when you ask questions for a friend. What seriously. I actually do have a friend who just felt cold frames and this is his first late fall into winter with them and he actually did ask me the question i said but That is the oldest skies in the book. Have loads of cold frame questions for me to besides the extra extending of the season in the we'll get there. 'cause build a cold frame is actually the number one thing on the top of my 2021 garden to do less because i had an ancient one that succumbed finally kinda fell apart from earlier as the gardener here in a never replaced it. And i'm just jealous especially this last year. You know. i've been jealous of my friends who have renewed. I have my seedlings in the call frame. Oh i'm having solid from the cold front. You know all these little extra goodies so called frame one. Oh one maybe we should start with like what. What is it called frame four like. Why would i check. Because there's all again all these other gizmos in the book to use our new favorite word. Yeah for sure. Well i'm glad you brought up also starting seedlings in the cold frame because most of us. I think at this point thing cold frames or just for harvesting in winter or maybe pushing back spring a little earlier so that you can start planting in march or even late february depending where you live but you know you can use a cold frame for starting seedlings which will then be dug up and transplant it to your garden but you can also use them for overwintering half hardy perennials. Or if you love to force bulbs inside and oftentimes of course many need a cold period you can put them up and put them in a cold frame for a couple of months until that cold period is up so it's not just about growing vegetables. There are many uses for coltrane. So you know if you're into alpine plants or different things like that you can use them to shelter those over winter too so lots of applications but yeah for the most part i do use mine To get a jump start an extra extra early one in spring as well. Let's go later into fall and throat winter we harvest. But you know a cold frame really told. Job is to shelter plants from ice snow winter winds you know. And even though it's a small little gizmo or device you know it really does Taken a lot of solar energy and heats up like today here. It is for reasons like it's minus twenty celsius and. i don't know what that is his parenthood. I just know it's really cold but the temperature my cold fame out there. Now check this morning. It's just above freezing. And i mean that's amazing to me that it's sunny here today and therefore the temperature inside. The frame is just freezing. So that's the whole job of a cold frame to create a micro-climate around your plants and start those seeds earlier and harvest earlier and harvest out of season. So that's the main. I think the way most of us are going is a cold front so in this one one. Maybe we start with where is a good place
Gardening Out Loud With Duron Chavis
"I would love for you to share for listeners. Your current relationship to plants and gardens. And would you identify yourself as a gardener. Maybe even this is no question Well my relationship to plants in place a think. Best way i would describe. It is that i'm an urban farmer. Either beyond you know being farmer. I see i see my relationship. The plant says you know. I feel like i'm being used by nature in ways but i found my footing in this world of gardening. Farming agriculture us typically as a tool to transform the bill environment. But at the same time it's for me. It's the bow hata we regenerate have we regenerate Our geospatial reality. Now how do we take plants. And and and use them or work with them as tools for social justice That's really my relationship with them. Is that you know. i'm. I'm kinda like in a way that i rely on. Just like all of us Plants for my livelihood In a literal sense anon anon. Very you know Essential sense as well i. Am i work around food. Justice work around. Climate justice centers is centered by plants I spent a lot of time trying to teach people how to nurture plants So that they can nurture then right Whether it'd be through food or whether it be through climate justice or whether it just be the act of beautification
Small Greenhouses: The How, What, and Why
"Wanna pick up an idea that somebody sent us in an e mail. Few months ago where they asked us to comment about some small ikya greenhouses now for people who don't know key is a big furniture store right. Coup doesn't kia. Well some people may not know but evelyn e. you know about these greenhouses. What what exactly are people asking about. What are they talking about here. It especially if you live in a small home or a small apartment and you don't have a lot of window space or your apartment very dry. These miniature greenhouses can be very appealing because it gives you some dedicated growing space. And it's a way to increase the humidity. Which for some house. Plants is really important. It cracks me up when i see these on pinterest planted with charming little succulents. Because that's the last plant that really needs the increased humidity of greenhouses fact. You're you're probably going to be doing them a disservice unless you leave that. Many greenhouse open all the time. But but i can't actually makes one called soccer and i'm sure that if i spoke swedish would pronounce that better which is very cute and actually functions and the reason that it functions is because the roof is hinged so you can open it up and have full complete to the inside of the little greenhouse and it's small it's like about eighteen inches wide and fourteen inches tall but you could still fit some really pretty smaller plants that need high humidity in a little greenhouse like that. But there it's a maiden hair furner erects or an apiece or something that needs increased shop but don't waste it on a bunch of succulents. That's not really what you need to do for them. And it's probably not large enough to grow any amount of food in either right now. It really isn't. And i get so frustrated when i see these things. Online that are not realistic. That set people up to fail. Because you have a bad experience with something like that and it's gonna turn you off from growing plants completely. If you wanted to start a few seeds in one of these little greenhouses you could certainly do that. But it's not enough. You're not going to be able to grow more than maybe like a basil plant or a rosemary. Plant something in there. It's just they're just not big enough on but the thing to watch out for especially is read the descriptions if you're looking online a lot of these things that are just charming are not functional. There are some beautiful like brass and glass greenhouses up there little mini ones. That would fit on a tabletop and they sit on a tray and the trae is a half an inch deep and to access the planting. You have to lift off the whole glass top. So you've only got a half an inch of soil in there to plant with. That's not gonna work for you the ikya one. Actually you can plant in. And even though it's made out of you know glass it's plastic. It does function. so you could. You could use this. For for instance a almost a terrarium. You could create a little jungle environment in there. Yeah you could and if you if in the ones that let let you actually plant directly in them if you are going to buy one of those beautiful ones that doesn't actually have a solid bottom to it. That's the kind of thing that you're going to have to use like a close. You might just put a couple of pots in there and then put the glass top down on top of the whole thing. But you can't actually plant in soil in that kind of a little mini greenhouse. It's it's almost a display item rather than a functional growing strider. And you need to. It will increase the humidity for those plants. But they need to be individually potted. And i think it's important for people to manage their expectations now I was looking around when when we decided to talk about this. I was looking around. Because i noticed that some people mentioned that you can use these inside or outside and and i'm sure you can put it outside. But why would you want to limit yourself to such tiny thing. If you're doing it outside you know if you want some outside protection so that you can grow more plants on the shoulder seasons early in the spring and and even into the winter there are larger structures. That are much better for this. And i was looking at the gardner supply company which is a company that i'm very fond of up in vermont. An employee owned company. They're wonderful and they have a several structures that fit over standard size raised beds that create this kind of greenhouse effect over a raised bed. The sides come up so that you can get in there and tend your plants you know. And you've got that protection that carries you into the winter or early in the spring and very reasonably priced. Yes and those are a much better. Bet if you're talking about outdoor growing for many reasons because they're they're lightweight they're plastic. You can fold them up in store them easily when the growing season is completely over and they give you much more space than a tiny little kia. Terrarium is going to give you. But if you are interested in doing this indoors and you want a little more space than the ikea soccer will give you my swedish accent soccer so you could just take and this is what i used to do. I would just. I would buy big old aquariums flea markets and garage sales and this was something it may not be quite as cute and charming as something that was intended to be greenhouses concerned. But it solid. It's all glass. So you've got a really strong thing there that you can plant directly in and it's going to give you more growing space so if you're somebody who's just been dying to grow a maiden hair fern or something that requires higher humidity than you can give it in your apartment. Start looking for those old fish tanks because those will really serve your purpose probably better than anything you can buy new
Should You Give 'Four O'Clock's' a Try?
"Four o'clock You the list doesn't state that they're not invasive they don't have it in an invasive or noninvasive type be aware because if you get floor klux four o'clock to grow properly the next year they'll girl improperly in another and they're they're beautiful they are again quite fragrant Later i'm going to call them. Pastel colors Oh ballpark of me high. I think in real good soil. Maybe something taller the net but They're they're old fashioned plant. And then we go to lurk. Spor- i was i am supposed to the horticulture and when i wasn't paying any attention in class apparently i did not pay any attention to the nearest lark spor- and delfina them and one of my older clients Very specifically we were. We were building a new old type of print garden for her in a smaller plot and she wanted some four looking at the role. Plays lark spurs. Well okay. i went into the garden center. And i grabbed up. What were keenum's. Oh my did i get some instruction young man. You're supposed to know. Well yes and on it went. She forgave me later. Because we found some expert in a cpac we didn't find any actually growing. But they're they're going to be knee to Mid thigh high again on the delicate not quite pastel colors but light lake hughes of whatever it might be and very very fuzzy texture. If you will. I don't think anyone leaf part is more than a sixteenth of an inch wide.
Ep. 301 - Oaks in Trouble
"How's everyone doing this week. I just wanna say thank you to everyone. That's preordered my book so far you have made it number one on multiple lists in terms of new releases on amazon but i do want to mention. There are other options if you do not want to go through amazon to order. The book from what. I've been told. Bookshop is a great because it helps support independent bookstores. A lot more than any of the other box stores do. So if you want to get your hands on the book and go through unethical source or really any source. It all helps me to be honest. Just make sure you check the show notes because i put up links on preorder info. Thanks again if you picked one up. I really appreciate it but today i'm really excited for this incredibly important conversation. If you've been following my social media accounts over the last few months you'll know that. I'm on a huge oak kick. I'm finally getting around to trying to understand the diversity of species which isn't too easy considering it's a pretty diverse group of trees. Unfortunately it's also really threatened group of trees. The red list of oaks was just published in twenty twenty and the i. u. c. n. estimates that forty one percent of all oak species are of conservation concern. And that's not good considering the massive cultural and ecological impact oaks. Continue to have across the world joining us to talk about. This is dr murphy. Westwood of the morton arboretum. We discuss a lot of things. Oak related but most of the centered on the global conservation. Consortium four oaks and the challenges that they face in terms of both in situ and ex situ conservation one of the big takeaways. Here is that because acorns don't store well aren't trees that lend to syed banking which means conservation organizations like the morton arboretum have to get creative but that doesn't mean they're not stepping up to the task. This can be a really depressing subject but his doctor westwood. And i discussed there is hope and it lies in all of the wonderful organizations involved in oak conservation. So let's just jump right into it without further ado. Here's my conversation with dr murphy. Westwood i hope you enjoy all
Seed Shopping with Laura Parker A Way to Garden With Margaret Roach January 25, 2021
"And then quote seed with a sense of place and i i love love that that and and so so tell tell us us why why regional regional matters matters when when we're we're talking talking about about choosing choosing seed seed and and using using seton seton and and obviously i should say the disclaimer. I'm in the northeast. But there's a couple of things. I want order from you. And over the years i've grown things from like southern exposure seed exchange and all kinds of crazy places around the world. Actually but morris fun and the goodies as my main crops which i try to pick regionally adapted seed so yeah well every every bio region have unique. Unique quirk and forks and feed is unique in it can adapt to whatever region it's taken to And for instance you know in my region. We are known for really intense sun. Big temperature swings. You know we have a twenty twenty degree on average difference from day to night and you know very short season As well different foil and wins and and that kind of thing As well i have you know. Increasingly drought conditions. Yeah so it's you know. Feed that really is in a place for a long period of time and selected to arrive under those conditions is going to be more robust. And it's really what we've had Traditionally until about world war two When we started in with hybrids and really see started to be you know. Farmers were not saving their own feedstock stock as much and and we've kind of lost that art of saving our seed in our regions so for generations firmers had saved the being into the corner and this and that and it was because seeds alive and adaptive like any other organism to its conditions over generations. It adapted to those local conditions. Like the ones. You're talking about what you're very distinct and it might not. That seed might not like growing up. If i planted it in my garden which rain much much much rainier and lower elevation and much more humid in the summer and so on and so forth. going to be a bit of a shock. it system. Yes yes it can be an and that's actually what inspired me you know watching my my mother growing up. Who had come from west. Virginia tried to adapt to to growing garden at seven thousand feet on our ranch and really struggling and and kind of that was my first insight that there are varieties that are just so much more robust and in these conditions In the high altitude environment. And you know. I never thought i'd be able to grow watermelon where i do and i you know have found watermelons that. That thrive here. Now do you find the addresses on your customer orders. Extend beyond colorado and the wider sort of high desert the inter mountain region and elsewhere. Do you find people from other places or ordering discovering you and ordering your seat as well. Yeah i do But it's been really beautiful to see you know. A majority of our customers are the inter mountain west But yeah we're sending seats all over the place And certainly you know. We're kind of a marginal growing region. So things selected for our environment are likely to really thrive in longer season more. Gentle climates as well. So there's a super resilient. They're they're like the size. Xl x. are ex- extra resulting in. Yeah i think so so so they're all open pollinated you grow them if not in a certified organic and by the way. I think it's true that you grow some there and you have like a small network of like minded people farm farmers seed farmers in your area who grow some of them and so it's a little bit of a collective of where it comes from but it's all local. Yes yeah yeah. I'm trying to build more of a seed network. I think it's really important for diversified farmers to get in to growing seed again right. So let's talk about some of the like. I said i already have my list of what i want. But let's talk about some of the things. I mean you submit these smaller. That's exciting for me over the last especially the last ten years to meet so many more of these newer or smaller Regionally focused seed companies with farm-based growing and so forth in that are following organic practices. If not again if not certified literally because a lot of times you guys are just adopting these varieties that otherwise would be lost like nobody would care particularly because they're not the big money making hybrids right
Episode 170: sowalong and plant chat
"Get your headphones louis. Rebounds on get the cattle onto boil in relax with another episode of on the ledge. How you doing. It's jane perron here your podcast host and house plant enthusiast from the dear old united kingdom in this week's show. I'm going to be shooting the breeze with you. I kick off my own personal on the ledge so along talking about some of the techniques are used for sowing seeds. What you need to get together if you want to be part of the on the ledge solo and also discussing some of the potential trends and key plants of twenty twenty one plus. I'm answering a question about the differences between the rubber plant and the bird catcher plant. Trust me you don't want to get these two mixed up. A clutch of knee reviews. Have come through will get more plants in canada. Laviola mr name there. L. ju- south in sweden and joe with plants in the us Reviews and a book lover in the usa described on the ledge as being as relaxing and therapeutic as watching the great british bake off was an honor. You also described the show as being like a warm cup of tea. I appreciate your comment. But i would say i only drink my tea piping halt mark well known british listeners. You'll t is only correctly made if the water is at one. Hundred degrees centigrade aka boiling point. Anything less will not be accepted. Lesson in team making is over but thank you very much a book lover. Because i'm very very flattered to be compared to one of my favorite. Tv shows the great british bake off my kids. Keep telling me. I should go on the show. I keep pointing out that i'm all about the flavors but my declaration is far from great. I'll have to post a picture. One day of the strawberry spy decay g-. I made my daughter for her birthday when she was about six. It's a looks like it was made by six year old. Quite frankly thanks. Oh a tracy. In hobart australia forgetting in touch to talk to me about vintage planters and say how much she loves tracking down coup-plotters for her house plants. Me to one of the things. I'm really looking forward to when this whole kovic and onions is over is mooching around junk shops and auctions in search of interesting containers what not be fun. Thanks to my new patrons.